Insulin Resistance Treatment

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

Insulin resistance often goes unnoticed in the initial stages when an individual is described as prediabetic. If the condition progresses to diabetes or metabolic syndrome, however, symptoms manifest and medication is needed. Aside from medication, changing certain lifestyle factors can improve insulin resistance. In general, treatment of insulin resistance involves:

  • Weight loss in obese and overweight individuals. Losing just 5% to 7 % of the body weight can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes by 60% and improve insulin sensitivity.
  • Regular physical exercise in order to maintain a healthy body weight. Moderate exercise should be performed for around 30 minutes at least 5 days a week. Exercise activates the muscle cells that utilize blood sugar for energy and therefore increases insulin responsiveness.
  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet comprised of foods that are high in fibre and have a low glycemic index and carbohydrate content. The diet should also be low in monounsaturated fatty acids and saturated fats as these can trigger insulin resistance. By contrast, polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3) increase insulin sensitivity.
  • Medications such as metformin, exenatide and a class of drugs called the thiazolidinediones can help improve insulin resistance. These are approved in the treatment of type 2 diabetes but not for the treatment of insulin resistance alone. Growth hormone replacement therapy, on the other hand, can be used when insulin resistance exists alone without type 2 diabetes.
  • Magnesium supplements administered daily can restore depleted levels of magnesium which can also improve the glucose uptake from blood mediated by insulin. Magnesium supplementation has been used as a preventive approach in type 2 diabetes by improving insulin sensitivity.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Jul 3, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, July 03). Insulin Resistance Treatment. News-Medical. Retrieved on May 21, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Insulin-Resistance-Treatment.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Insulin Resistance Treatment". News-Medical. 21 May 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/Insulin-Resistance-Treatment.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Insulin Resistance Treatment". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Insulin-Resistance-Treatment.aspx. (accessed May 21, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. Insulin Resistance Treatment. News-Medical, viewed 21 May 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Insulin-Resistance-Treatment.aspx.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment
Post

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease for cardiovascular disease and all cause death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus