Chromosome 16 News and Research

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Humans normally have 46 chromosomes in each cell, divided into 23 pairs. Two copies of chromosome 16, one copy inherited from each parent, form one of the pairs. Chromosome 16 spans about 89 million base pairs (the building blocks of DNA) and represents almost 3 percent of the total DNA in cells.

Identifying genes on each chromosome is an active area of genetic research. Because researchers use different approaches to predict the number of genes on each chromosome, the estimated number of genes varies. Chromosome 16 likely contains between 850 and 1,200 genes.

Genes on chromosome 16 are among the estimated 20,000 to 25,000 total genes in the human genome.
Researchers isolate gene mutations in patients with inherited amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Researchers isolate gene mutations in patients with inherited amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

New gene associated with Lou Gehrig's disease

New gene associated with Lou Gehrig's disease

A second MND gene mutation in one year signifies rapid research progress

A second MND gene mutation in one year signifies rapid research progress

Lack of specific gene plays role in autism

Lack of specific gene plays role in autism

Missing gene plays role in autism

Missing gene plays role in autism

Obesity gene makes it harder to tell if you feel full

Obesity gene makes it harder to tell if you feel full

Previously unknown chromosomal abnormalities play substantial role in autism

Previously unknown chromosomal abnormalities play substantial role in autism

Discovery of chromosomal abnormality that appears to increase susceptibility to autism

Discovery of chromosomal abnormality that appears to increase susceptibility to autism

New research links autism to genetic disorder

New research links autism to genetic disorder

Loss of a small portion of chromosome 16 linked to autism

Loss of a small portion of chromosome 16 linked to autism

New gene found for type 1 diabetes in children

New gene found for type 1 diabetes in children

Acute-leukemia sign may signal need for different therapy

Acute-leukemia sign may signal need for different therapy

Gene named ATBF1 may contribute to the development of prostate cancer

Gene named ATBF1 may contribute to the development of prostate cancer

New genetic clues provide better understanding of epilepsy

New genetic clues provide better understanding of epilepsy

Discovery of new gene sheds light on human brain development

Discovery of new gene sheds light on human brain development