Syphilis News and Research

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Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It has often been called “the great imitator” because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases.

In the United States, health officials reported over 36,000 cases of syphilis in 2006, including 9,756 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis. In 2006, half of all P&S syphilis cases were reported from 20 counties and 2 cities; and most P&S syphilis cases occurred in persons 20 to 39 years of age. The incidence of P&S syphilis was highest in women 20 to 24 years of age and in men 35 to 39 years of age. Reported cases of congenital syphilis in newborns increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new cases reported in 2005 compared to 349 cases in 2006.

Between 2005 and 2006, the number of reported P&S syphilis cases increased 11.8 percent. P&S rates have increased in males each year between 2000 and 2006 from 2.6 to 5.7 and among females between 2004 and 2006. In 2006, 64% of the reported P&S syphilis cases were among men who have sex with men (MSM).

Syphilis is passed from person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore. Sores occur mainly on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum. Sores also can occur on the lips and in the mouth. Transmission of the organism occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Pregnant women with the disease can pass it to the babies they are carrying. Syphilis cannot be spread through contact with toilet seats, doorknobs, swimming pools, hot tubs, bathtubs, shared clothing, or eating utensils.
New Zealand moves to routinely offering antenatal HIV screening

New Zealand moves to routinely offering antenatal HIV screening

Cocaine use increases the risk of coronary aneurysms

Cocaine use increases the risk of coronary aneurysms

As syphilis rates increase in Los Angeles County, new study suggests the disease is increasing HIV rates

As syphilis rates increase in Los Angeles County, new study suggests the disease is increasing HIV rates

Framework agreement creates safe blood for China

Framework agreement creates safe blood for China

Oral sex not sex say teens

Oral sex not sex say teens

Medical interventions during pregnancy and childbirth may not be the best way to improve newborn survival

Medical interventions during pregnancy and childbirth may not be the best way to improve newborn survival

Medical Services International signs $25 mil Chinese contract

Medical Services International signs $25 mil Chinese contract

New York City Health statement on rare strain of HIV in a New York City resident

New York City Health statement on rare strain of HIV in a New York City resident

New 3-DCR HIV strain does not respond to three classes of anti-retroviral medication

New 3-DCR HIV strain does not respond to three classes of anti-retroviral medication

Shakespeare may have had syphilis

Shakespeare may have had syphilis

Rates of HIV/AIDS diagnoses steady in the U.S

Rates of HIV/AIDS diagnoses steady in the U.S

Breakthrough HIV research wins prestigious industry award

Breakthrough HIV research wins prestigious industry award

White Paper aims to reduce the number of people who smoke

White Paper aims to reduce the number of people who smoke

New diagnoses of STIs increased by four per cent from 678,709 in 2002 to 708,083

New diagnoses of STIs increased by four per cent from 678,709 in 2002 to 708,083

British Government needs to get its act together to tackle the soaring rates of sexually transmitted infections

British Government needs to get its act together to tackle the soaring rates of sexually transmitted infections

Young holidaymaker's traveling overseas face serious health issues from casual sex

Young holidaymaker's traveling overseas face serious health issues from casual sex

Regional initiative targets syphilis

Regional initiative targets syphilis

Skeletal remains of 3,160 individuals reveal changing status of cancer in Europe across the centuries

Skeletal remains of 3,160 individuals reveal changing status of cancer in Europe across the centuries

Rabies infections in organ donor and transplant recipients

Rabies infections in organ donor and transplant recipients

It is imperative for those who are at risk of getting HIV to be tested

It is imperative for those who are at risk of getting HIV to be tested