Arthroplasty is a orthopaedic surgery procedure, in which the arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with something better or by remodeling or realigning the joint by osteotomy or some other procedure. Previously, a popular form of arthroplasty was interpositional arthroplasty with interposition of some other tissue like skin, muscle or tendon to keep inflammatory surfaces apart or excisional arthroplasty in which the joint surface and bone was removed leaving scar tissue to fill in the gap. Other forms of arthroplasty include resection(al) arthroplasty, resurfacing arthroplasty, mold arthroplasty, cup arthroplasty, silicone replacement arthroplasty, etc. Osteotomy to restore or modify joint congruity is also an arthroplasty.
Robert Zura, MD, Professor and Robert D'Ambrosia Chair of Orthopaedics at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, was part of an international collaborative study group whose findings will help orthopaedic surgeons identify the best individual approach to treat broken hips in those over age 50.
In patients with morbid obesity, losing 20 pounds before knee replacement surgery (arthroplasty) leads to fewer hospital days and other outcome improvements, reports a study in the August 21, 2019 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
New research from a randomized clinical trial published today in The Lancet and funded by the National Institute for Health Research shows that partial knee replacements (PKR) are as good as total knee replacements (TKR), whilst being more cost effective.
Low-risk patients undergoing a total hip replacement with a posterior approach can skip the standard hip precautions currently recommended for post-surgical recovery, according to a new study conducted at Hospital for Special Surgery, in New York City.
An automated text messaging system increases patient engagement with home-based exercise and promotes faster recovery after total knee or hip replacement surgery, reports a study in the January 16, 2019 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
Surgeons at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are the first in the U.S. to implant a new device designed to relieve knee pain and help people with osteoarthritis prevent or delay knee replacements.
New research led by the Hip Implant Prosthesis Study team at the University of Bristol Medical School has shown that small-head cemented metal-on-plastic hip replacements are the most cost-effective in men and women older than 65 years.
Medacta International, the privately held, family-owned global leader in the design of innovative joint replacement and spinal surgery products, today announced it has received clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the GMK® Sphere - Kinematic Alignment instrumentation and surgical technique for total knee replacement.
A team of physical therapy researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine have conducted one of the first full-scale studies to assess the effectiveness of in-home physical therapy care for patients who have had knee replacement surgery.
When it comes to preventing blood clots after a knee replacement, good old aspirin may be just as effective as newer, more expensive drugs.
With an $11 million grant from the National Institutes of Health Center for Biomedical Research Excellence, Clemson University has launched the South Carolina Center for Translational Research Improving Musculoskeletal Health, or SC-TRIMH, a new research center that will bring together scientists from across South Carolina to change the way musculoskeletal disorders are diagnosed, treated and even studied.
Implementing an electronic medical records system at an orthopedic clinic may have unanticipated effects on clinic efficiency and productivity - including a temporary increase in labor costs and a lasting reduction in time spent interacting with patients, reports a study in September 19, 2018 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
An extensive review of 25 randomized clinical trials found "little evidence" that invasive surgery was more effective than sham or placebo procedures in reducing chronic pain. The study was published in the journal Pain Medicine.
Surgical reconstruction is a life changer for people with end-stage ankle arthritis, a painful condition that limits patients' abilities to go up and down stairs, get out of a car and even walk.
Peptilogics, a development stage company utilizing its innovative peptide platform to treat multidrug-resistant bacterial infections, today announced it recently held a pre-Investigational New Drug (pre-IND) meeting with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to discuss the regulatory pathway for the development of PLG0206 for the treatment of prosthetic joint infections.
FundamentalVR, pioneers of immersive training technology for the medical community, today launched Fundamental Surgery, a first-of-its-kind SaaS software platform that combines virtual reality with cutting-edge haptics (the sense of touch) to create a low-cost and scalable flight simulator experience for trainee and qualified surgeons.
A long-term follow-up study from Australia confirms that hip implants with components made of cross-linked polyethylene substantially lower the risk of revision surgery after total hip replacement, reports a study in the August 1, 2018 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
Patients who take prescription opioids for more than 60 days before total knee or hip replacement surgery are at significantly higher risk of being readmitted to the hospital and of undergoing repeat joint-replacement surgery, compared to patients with no preoperative opioid use, reports a study in the July 18 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
Could weight loss surgery before knee replacement improve outcomes or even eliminate the need for joint replacement in severely overweight patients? A study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery aims to answer that question.
DePuy Synthes, part of the Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies, today announced clinical findings outlining the potential benefits patients may experience when undergoing knee replacement with the ATTUNE Knee System.