Avian influenza is an infection caused by avian (bird) influenza (flu) viruses. These influenza viruses occur naturally among birds. Wild birds worldwide carry the viruses in their intestines, but usually do not get sick from them. However, avian influenza is very contagious among birds and can make some domesticated birds, including chickens, ducks, and turkeys, very sick and kill them.
Researchers analyzed the phenotypes of the SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs), the molecular responses to infections from these VOCs, and the evolving virus-host interactions using a comparative genomic and proteomic approach.
A recent epidemiological update by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control indicated that a new SARS-CoV-2 Omicron sublineage was likely to increase COVID-19 case numbers.
Respiratory viruses continue to be a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality.
A new study indicated that Iceland was the stepping stone for the translocation of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) between North America and Europe.
A pseudovirus system based on deep mutational scanning determines how SARS-CoV-2 mutations can affect its ability to escape neutralization.
Following an increase in the number of detections of avian influenza (bird flu) in wild birds and on commercial premises, the Chief Veterinary Officers from England, Scotland and Wales have declared an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone across Great Britain to mitigate the risk of the disease spreading amongst poultry and captive birds.
Researchers analyzed the primer and probe sequences of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended monkeypox virus (MPXV) generic real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays.
In a recent study posted to the bioRxiv* preprint server, a team of researchers from India analyzed the whole genome sequences of the monkeypox virus isolated from monkeypox patients with and without international travel histories to understand the phylogenetic relations and genomic evolution of the virus that could contribute to higher transmission rates.
In a recent study posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers investigated variant-wise SARS-CoV-2 reinfection cases in Denmark.
A recent virological study published in the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal identified the novel influenza A virus (H3N8) in live poultry in Hong Kong, genetically similar to the zoonotic H3N8 viruses reported in mainland China with its origin akin to H5N1, H5N6, H10N8, and H7N9 viruses.
Researchers found proof of negative repercussions of immune history in SARS-CoV-2 infection.
How many times in the last 18 months have you seen a map that looks like the one above? It looks like a population density map, but in fact, it is a case total for the COVID19 rates from Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Research Center (collected on 24 May 2022).
Three percent hydrogen peroxide eliminates 99.9% of SARS-CoV-2 in all types of tested fabrics within 30 seconds.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Task Force for Global Health will co-host in person the 11th International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases August 7-10, 2022, at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta hotel in Atlanta, GA.
Two groups of researchers at the University of Oklahoma have each received nearly $1 million grants from the National Science Foundation as part of its Predictive Intelligence for Pandemic Prevention initiative, which focuses on fundamental research and capabilities needed to tackle grand challenges in infectious disease pandemics through prediction and prevention.
A recent editorial published in The Lancet Microbe underscored the ‘One Health’ policy for surveilling emergent infectious diseases.
Researchers identified 10 avian influenza A(H5N6) viruses in poultry from four Chinese provinces, with immune-evasion and complex genetic recombination potential.
In a new study, researchers uncovered distinct genomic features of SARS-CoV-2 Delta and Omicron variants.
In a recent article posted to the bioRxiv* preprint server, researchers at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, the University of South Florida, and the Catholic University of America demonstrated that the natural severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) main protease (Mpro) mutations result in nirmatrelvir resistance.
In a recent study published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, researchers reported natural reassortment of influenza viruses in pigs.