Sodium Reagents from Vitro Scient

Sodium is the major cation of extracellular fluid. It plays a central role in the maintenance of the normal distribution of water and the osmotic pressure in the various fluid compartments. The main source of body sodium is the sodium chloride contained in ingested foods. Only about one-third of the total body sodium is contained in the skeleton since most of it is contained in the extracellular body fluids.

Hyponatremia (low serum sodium level) is found in a variety of conditions including the following: severe polyuria, metabolic acidosis, Addison's disease, diarrhea, and renal tubular disease. Hypernatremia (increased serum sodium level) is found in the following conditions: hyperadrenalism, severe dehydration, diabetic coma after therapy with insulin, excess treatment with sodium salts.

Intended Use

Vitro sodium reagent is intended for the determination of sodium in human serum and plasma on both automated and manual systems.