Arthroplasty is a orthopaedic surgery procedure, in which the arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with something better or by remodeling or realigning the joint by osteotomy or some other procedure. Previously, a popular form of arthroplasty was interpositional arthroplasty with interposition of some other tissue like skin, muscle or tendon to keep inflammatory surfaces apart or excisional arthroplasty in which the joint surface and bone was removed leaving scar tissue to fill in the gap. Other forms of arthroplasty include resection(al) arthroplasty, resurfacing arthroplasty, mold arthroplasty, cup arthroplasty, silicone replacement arthroplasty, etc. Osteotomy to restore or modify joint congruity is also an arthroplasty.
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) – or hip replacement – is one of the most widely performed surgical procedures in the United States. It is used to manage severe arthritis and can greatly improve quality of life for patients suffering from this debilitating disease.
Using highly complex analytical techniques, a group of researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin were able to observe in detail how different metals are released from joint implants and accumulate in the surrounding bone tissue.
The higher the proportion of primary hip replacement operations a surgeon performs annually, the better the results are, a thesis at the University of Gothenburg shows.
A break through feat of growing pluripotency expressing cells from osteoarthritis affected cartilage tissue of knee joints of elderly has been reported by orthopedicians and cell culture experts led by Dr Shojiro Katoh, President, Edogawa Hospital.
Acute postoperative pain control after Total Knee Arthroplasty is important as the poorly controlled, persistent pain can cause delay in rehabilitation.
Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies today announces that DePuy Synthes, a leader in the cementless hip implant market, has obtained the European CE Mark on its new BI-MENTUMTM Dual Mobility System for use in patients with a higher risk of dislocation.
A virtual system for in-home physical therapy (PT) provides good outcomes for patients undergoing rehabilitation following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) - with lower costs than traditional in-person PT, reports a study in the January 15, 2020 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
A team of scientists from the Advanced Manufacturing Technologies Center of the National Technology Initiative of Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University (head -- Prof. A.I. Borovkov, the Vice-rector for Advanced Projects of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University) developed a mathematical model of an "endoprosthesis-skeleton" system.
Unicompartmental (or "partial") knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for some patients with knee osteoarthritis. When UKA fails, conversion to TKA has been thought to be a reliable solution.
Standard diagnostic methods are not adequate to identify prosthetic joint infections in patients with rheumatic diseases, according to findings from a new study by researchers from Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.
EOS imaging (Euronext, FR0011191766 - EOSI - Eligible PEA - PME), a leader in 2D/3D orthopedic medical imaging and software solutions for 3D anatomical modeling and surgical planning, today announced multiple activities to showcase its Advanced Orthopedic Solutions at the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons Annual Meeting, being held November 7-10, 2019 in Dallas, Texas.
Robert Zura, MD, Professor and Robert D'Ambrosia Chair of Orthopaedics at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, was part of an international collaborative study group whose findings will help orthopaedic surgeons identify the best individual approach to treat broken hips in those over age 50.
In patients with morbid obesity, losing 20 pounds before knee replacement surgery (arthroplasty) leads to fewer hospital days and other outcome improvements, reports a study in the August 21, 2019 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
New research from a randomized clinical trial published today in The Lancet and funded by the National Institute for Health Research shows that partial knee replacements (PKR) are as good as total knee replacements (TKR), whilst being more cost effective.
Low-risk patients undergoing a total hip replacement with a posterior approach can skip the standard hip precautions currently recommended for post-surgical recovery, according to a new study conducted at Hospital for Special Surgery, in New York City.
An automated text messaging system increases patient engagement with home-based exercise and promotes faster recovery after total knee or hip replacement surgery, reports a study in the January 16, 2019 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
Surgeons at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are the first in the U.S. to implant a new device designed to relieve knee pain and help people with osteoarthritis prevent or delay knee replacements.
New research led by the Hip Implant Prosthesis Study team at the University of Bristol Medical School has shown that small-head cemented metal-on-plastic hip replacements are the most cost-effective in men and women older than 65 years.
Medacta International, the privately held, family-owned global leader in the design of innovative joint replacement and spinal surgery products, today announced it has received clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the GMK® Sphere - Kinematic Alignment instrumentation and surgical technique for total knee replacement.
A team of physical therapy researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine have conducted one of the first full-scale studies to assess the effectiveness of in-home physical therapy care for patients who have had knee replacement surgery.