Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems. Most aspects of human physiology are closely homologous to corresponding aspects of animal physiology, and animal experimentation has provided much of the foundation of physiological knowledge. Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields of study: anatomy, the study of form, and physiology, the study of function, are intrinsically tied and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
Babies born to mothers who vape during pregnancy are at greater risk of developing pulmonary dysfunction, according to a new mouse study from The Ohio State University.
Research lead by RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences has discovered three new subtypes of brain tumor which could help to identify new and effective therapies.
Researchers reviewed how dietary fibers modulate the composition and function of gut microbiota.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) announced the prolongation of the Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 1361: "Regulation of DNA Repair and Genome Stability" for an additional four years.
Our kidney filters 180 liters of blood every day and retains nutrients through a process called 'endocytosis' and through active transport in the kidney cells.
To prevent testing on animals and create even more precise ways of testing therapeutics, the pharmaceutical industry is increasingly turning to human immune cells.
In a new study, researchers examined how the innate immune system detects filoviruses.
A change in the DNA code (mutation) of a gene that plays a key role in the brain's immune defenses may prevent related cells from clearing away protein-filled clumps, a new study in mice shows.
Less than 20% of diagnosed breast cancers are designated "triple-negative," lacking three types of receptors often found in other breast cancer types.
A new study links a gene concentrated in the brain's cleanup cells, known as microglia, to the inflammation that has increasingly emerged as a key mechanism contributing to Alzheimer's disease.
A Michigan State University researcher is part of an international team that found an existing drug may help decrease side effects of cisplatin, a widely used cancer treatment that was discovered at MSU in 1965.
A new review was published in Oncotarget's Volume 13 on November 17, 2022, entitled, "Myeloid-derived suppressor cells: Cancer, autoimmune diseases, and more."
About one third of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) develop diabetic retinopathy (DR), a leading cause of blindness in working-age individuals. DR typically develops after many years of DM, and some patients do not develop DR for more than 50 years.
These funds, coming from the Menkes International Association, will allow a research project to search for new biomarkers to establish administration and monitoring protocols for a new drug that could improve the lives of children suffering from this rare disease.
The human microbiome has been a hot topic over the last decade, with research pointing to disrupted bacterial communities as culprits for a host of maladies including irritable bowel syndrome, eczema, and autoimmune diseases.
In many cancer types, cancer cells try to survive by escaping attack from the immune system. These cancer cells hijack mechanisms called immune checkpoints to trick the immune system into thinking they are healthy cells.
At the international level of sport, even the smallest advantage can take an athlete from being a mere participant to a podium finisher.
In a recent study published in the Microbial Biotechnology journal, researchers explored the health effects of micro(nano)plastics and their degraded products on the gut microbiome.
Researchers at Tohoku University have shown that astrocytes in the mouse brain exhibit an acid response with intensified epileptic seizures.
As people age, maintaining a positive and predictable social environment becomes more and more important. For instance, keeping close ties with friends and family has been identified as one of the key ingredients to healthy aging.