Anthocyanins are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that may appear red, purple, or blue according to pH. They belong to a parent class of molecules called flavonoids synthesized via the phenylpropanoid pathway. Anthocyanins occur in all tissues of higher plants, including leaves, stems, roots, flowers, and fruits. Anthoxanthins are their clear, white to yellow counterparts occurring in plants. Anthocyanins are derivatives of anthocyanidins which include pendant sugars.
Anthocyanins are powerful antioxidants in vitro. This antioxidant property may be conserved even after the plant which produced the anthocyanin is consumed by another organism, possibly explaining why fruits and vegetables with colorful skins and pulp are considered nutritious. Research continues to be underway as to the potential range of health benefits from anthocyanins.
Research explores the consumption of fruit peels by Chinese consumers, highlighting their nutritional value and pesticide residues. It provides insights into methods of pesticide detection and removal, as well as the physiological benefits of fruit peels, aiming to guide informed consumption and contribute to further research in this area.
Researchers explored the impacts of precision nutrition on gut microbiome variation.
Researchers evaluated the effects of elderberry juice on indirect calorimetry and insulin sensitivity/ glucose tolerance measures.
This study aimed to investigate the association between dietary flavonoids, their subclasses, quercetin, and frailty onset in adults. The results suggest that higher intake of flavonols, particularly quercetin, may be associated with a lower risk of frailty onset.
Researchers compared the effects of consuming red-fleshed apples and white-fleshed among healthy adults.
A recent study published in the Antioxidants journal analyzed the potential health-promoting activities of innovative smoothies made from some typical Mediterranean plant products, such as apple (Malus domestica (Md) juice, strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo (Au) fruit puree and enriched with Myrtus communis (Mc) purple berry extract, Crocus sativus (Cs) petal juice, Acca sellowiana (As), and Diospyros kaki (Dk) fruits.
A cup of wild blueberries a day may keep low energy at bay. The berries have long been hailed as a superfood-;while they're known for a plethora of health benefits, new research from Cal Poly Humboldt proves this superfruit could help burn fat during exercise.
Researchers evaluated whether polyphenol-rich strawberry and blueberry decoction-based functional beverages could prevent obesity or related metabolic alterations in high-fat and high-fructose diet-fed rats.
Researchers assessed the socioecological variables affecting older people's intake of anthocyanin-rich foods.
Anthocyanins in plants have properties that reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, shows a new review article from the Food Sciences unit of the University of Turku, Finland. Anthocyanins are red, purple and blue pigments found in fruits, vegetables, and tubers.
Pairing blueberry pie with a scoop of ice cream is a nice summer treat. Aside from being tasty, this combination might also help people take up more of the "superfruit's" nutrients, such as anthocyanins.
Synthetic dyes are commonly used to assess the toxicity of chemical compounds in cell cultures. However, these dyes damage cells, rendering the cultures useless for long-term experiments.
Montmorency tart cherries reduced systolic blood pressure, insulin levels and insulin concentrations in adults with metabolic syndrome participating in a small pilot study published in the Journal of Functional Foods.
Scientists have overcome a major obstacle in the development of 3D printed tissue that can be used to replaced damaged or diseased organs.
Scientists at the University of Illinois have developed new hybrids of purple corn containing different combinations of phytochemicals that may fight obesity, inflammation and diabetes, a new study in mice indicates.
Daily consumption of the berries over the course of a month was associated with improved blood vessel function and a lowering of systolic blood pressure.
The genus Rosa from family Rosaceae is one of the most widespread species from the family. One species, rose hip, is known as a good source of different types of micronutrients and phytochemicals such as phenolic acids, tannins, and flavonoids. It is known as a traditional treatment in folk medicine.
Whether they're trying to hide some gray or embrace a new or quirky color, people adore hair dyes. But some of these dyes may be harmful to humans and the environment.
A type of flavonoid found in dark-pigmented fruits like red grapes and blueberries may slow the lung function decline that occurs with aging, according to new research presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference.
Naturally occurring pigments in berries, also known as anthocyanins, increase the function of the sirtuin 6 enzyme in cancer cells, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The regulation of this enzyme could open up new avenues for cancer treatment. The findings were published in Scientific Reports.