Heart Surgery News and Research

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Heart surgery is done to correct problems with the heart. More than half a million heart surgeries are done each year in the United States for a variety of heart problems. Heart surgery is used to correct heart problems in children and adults. This article discusses heart surgeries for adults. For more information about heart surgeries for children, see the Diseases and Conditions Index articles on congenital heart defects, holes in the heart, and tetralogy of Fallot.

The most common type of heart surgery for adults is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). During CABG, surgeons use healthy arteries or veins taken from another part of the body to bypass (that is, go around) blocked arteries. CABG relieves chest pain and reduces the risk of heart attack.
New software helps assess interoperability and reusability of biomedical digital research objects

New software helps assess interoperability and reusability of biomedical digital research objects

Prenatal exposure to air pollution associated with reduced cardiac response to stress in infants

Prenatal exposure to air pollution associated with reduced cardiac response to stress in infants

Rock icon receives replacement heart valve in New York City hospital

Rock icon receives replacement heart valve in New York City hospital

Discontinuing popular over-the-counter vitamin can lead of reversal of retinal swelling

Discontinuing popular over-the-counter vitamin can lead of reversal of retinal swelling

Higher levels of chemicals in mothers' system during pregnancy linked to lower IQ in children

Higher levels of chemicals in mothers' system during pregnancy linked to lower IQ in children

Proactive administration of amiodarone to patients after common heart surgery improves outcomes

Proactive administration of amiodarone to patients after common heart surgery improves outcomes

Electrical stimulation of vagus nerve on the ear reduces postoperative atrial fibrillation risk

Electrical stimulation of vagus nerve on the ear reduces postoperative atrial fibrillation risk

Study: Most adults born prematurely survive without developing major comorbidities

Study: Most adults born prematurely survive without developing major comorbidities

Researchers receive $3.2 million NIH grant to pursue a deeper understanding of Down syndrome

Researchers receive $3.2 million NIH grant to pursue a deeper understanding of Down syndrome

New Diversity and Inclusion Hub launched to address disparities in health care

New Diversity and Inclusion Hub launched to address disparities in health care

Researchers identify targeted therapy for adolescent patients with neuroblastoma

Researchers identify targeted therapy for adolescent patients with neuroblastoma

Substance use disorder can complicate postoperative valvular heart disease, shows study

Substance use disorder can complicate postoperative valvular heart disease, shows study

Artificial pancreas system more effective than existing treatments at controlling blood glucose levels

Artificial pancreas system more effective than existing treatments at controlling blood glucose levels

Researchers identify circuit that links cigarette smoking and risk of developing diabetes

Researchers identify circuit that links cigarette smoking and risk of developing diabetes

Health care stayed front and center at Democratic debate

Health care stayed front and center at Democratic debate

More patients may opt for minimally invasive heart valve procedure

More patients may opt for minimally invasive heart valve procedure

Brain protein plays a prominent role in the maintenance of chronic pain

Brain protein plays a prominent role in the maintenance of chronic pain

Using tape strips to obtain skin biomarkers in children with atopic dermatitis

Using tape strips to obtain skin biomarkers in children with atopic dermatitis

Melatonin may not help prevent delirium following major cardiac surgery

Melatonin may not help prevent delirium following major cardiac surgery

Long-term study data shows DBS is effective for patients with treatment-resistant depression

Long-term study data shows DBS is effective for patients with treatment-resistant depression