Inflammatory Bowel Disease News and Research

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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an ongoing or chronic health problem that causes inflammation and swelling in the digestive tract. The irritation causes bleeding sores called ulcers to form along the digestive tract. This in turn can cause crampy, abdominal pain and severe bloody diarrhea.

There are two main types of inflammatory bowel disease: ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). The diseases are very similar. In fact, doctors often have a hard time figuring out which type of IBD a person has. The main difference between UC and CD is the area of the digestive tract they affect. CD can occur along the entire digestive tract and spread deep into the bowel wall. In contrast, UC usually only affects the top layer of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. Medicine can control the symptoms of IBD in most women. But for people who have severe IBD, surgery is sometimes needed. Over the course of a person's life, the symptoms of IBD often come and go. With close monitoring and medicines, most people with IBD lead full and active lives.
Umass Amherst food scientist honored with 2019 Young Scientist Research Award

Umass Amherst food scientist honored with 2019 Young Scientist Research Award

Colorectal cancer diagnosed at early age is distinct from that in older patients

Colorectal cancer diagnosed at early age is distinct from that in older patients

Common fungus found on skin may cause inflammatory bowel disease

Common fungus found on skin may cause inflammatory bowel disease

New mathematical method to map cell regulatory networks

New mathematical method to map cell regulatory networks

Low-calorie 'fasting-mimicking' diet has potential to treat people with IBD

Low-calorie 'fasting-mimicking' diet has potential to treat people with IBD

New approach to tackling chronic inflammatory diseases

New approach to tackling chronic inflammatory diseases

Research reveals how metabolites can be used to inhibit epigenetic mechanisms and treat MS

Research reveals how metabolites can be used to inhibit epigenetic mechanisms and treat MS

Study uncovers mechanism that controls immune reactions against gut microbiota

Study uncovers mechanism that controls immune reactions against gut microbiota

New protein 'switch' could stop progression of blood-poisoning and increase chances of survival

New protein 'switch' could stop progression of blood-poisoning and increase chances of survival

Elevated levels of key cellular process implicated in intestinal inflammation and IBD

Elevated levels of key cellular process implicated in intestinal inflammation and IBD

Therapeutic endoscopy has an expanding role in the treatment of IBD

Therapeutic endoscopy has an expanding role in the treatment of IBD

Research reveals critical immunological axis that triggers cancer-promoting chronic inflammation

Research reveals critical immunological axis that triggers cancer-promoting chronic inflammation

Study finds underutilization of aspirin to prevent colorectal cancer in high risk patients

Study finds underutilization of aspirin to prevent colorectal cancer in high risk patients

New study will "fundamentally change the way researchers study the microbiome"

New study will "fundamentally change the way researchers study the microbiome"

American Gastroenterological Association announces 2019 recipients of annual recognition awards

American Gastroenterological Association announces 2019 recipients of annual recognition awards

Study identifies master regulator that maintains healthy gut, limits damage by parasitic whipworms

Study identifies master regulator that maintains healthy gut, limits damage by parasitic whipworms

Study: IL10 receptor critical to prevent uncontrolled infection and gut damage

Study: IL10 receptor critical to prevent uncontrolled infection and gut damage

Metagenomic analysis helps understand role of bacterial species in Crohn's disease

Metagenomic analysis helps understand role of bacterial species in Crohn's disease

Fecal transplant from certain donors better than others

Fecal transplant from certain donors better than others

Scientists find bacterial extracellular vesicles in human blood

Scientists find bacterial extracellular vesicles in human blood