Meningitis News and Research

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Meningitis is an infection of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but new vaccines being given to all children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae. Today, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.
Researchers study optimum conditions to administer human milk to premature babies

Researchers study optimum conditions to administer human milk to premature babies

Study: India has large disparities in under-five mortality rate between richer and poorer states

Study: India has large disparities in under-five mortality rate between richer and poorer states

How proteins in outer membrane of bacteria stick to and populate in human body

How proteins in outer membrane of bacteria stick to and populate in human body

Scientific evidence for and against causal associations for 47 adverse effects after immunization

Scientific evidence for and against causal associations for 47 adverse effects after immunization

PCV10 vaccine against pneumonia sharply reduces incidence of serious pneumococcal disease

PCV10 vaccine against pneumonia sharply reduces incidence of serious pneumococcal disease

Heavy rains, end of drought could help keep West Nile virus subdued — for now

Heavy rains, end of drought could help keep West Nile virus subdued — for now

Researchers identify alternative treatment for bacterial meningitis

Researchers identify alternative treatment for bacterial meningitis

'Battle royale' of oral pathogen helps explain how dangerous bacteria persist in hospital environment

'Battle royale' of oral pathogen helps explain how dangerous bacteria persist in hospital environment

UA immunobiology professor will use $1.9 million grant to study copper's therapeutic potential

UA immunobiology professor will use $1.9 million grant to study copper's therapeutic potential

Research shows financial and quality-of-life toll of intravenous therapy on parents, caregivers

Research shows financial and quality-of-life toll of intravenous therapy on parents, caregivers

Children’s ball pits full of pathogenic microbes

Children’s ball pits full of pathogenic microbes

Ball pits used in children's physical therapy may contribute to germ transmission

Ball pits used in children's physical therapy may contribute to germ transmission

Experimental vaccine strategy shows great promise in treating tuberculosis

Experimental vaccine strategy shows great promise in treating tuberculosis

Recommending adults to get pneumococcal vaccine at age 50 may be effective guidance

Recommending adults to get pneumococcal vaccine at age 50 may be effective guidance

New protocol can help identify febrile infants at low risk for serious bacterial infections

New protocol can help identify febrile infants at low risk for serious bacterial infections

New protocol could help physicians to rule out bacterial infections in infants

New protocol could help physicians to rule out bacterial infections in infants

Physicists identify simple mechanism used by deadly bacteria to fend off antibiotics

Physicists identify simple mechanism used by deadly bacteria to fend off antibiotics

Advantages of universal GBS screening for pregnant women unclear

Advantages of universal GBS screening for pregnant women unclear

Researchers move a step closer to developing new pneumonia vaccine

Researchers move a step closer to developing new pneumonia vaccine

Vaccination with live S. mitis may offer protection from Streptococcus pneumoniae

Vaccination with live S. mitis may offer protection from Streptococcus pneumoniae