Meningitis News and Research

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Meningitis is an infection of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but new vaccines being given to all children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae. Today, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.
Good news, bad news: lower antibiotic use, more antibiotic resistance in UK

Good news, bad news: lower antibiotic use, more antibiotic resistance in UK

UAB researchers awarded grant to study a vaccine for gonorrhea

UAB researchers awarded grant to study a vaccine for gonorrhea

Vaping helps 50,000 cigarette smokers quit in England each year

Vaping helps 50,000 cigarette smokers quit in England each year

People with PTSD 1.8 times as likely to have other infections, study finds

People with PTSD 1.8 times as likely to have other infections, study finds

Febrile infants may be at increased risk for infections

Febrile infants may be at increased risk for infections

New compound could take on lethal fungal, bacterial infections in immunocompromised people

New compound could take on lethal fungal, bacterial infections in immunocompromised people

Dogs can suffer from same autoimmune encephalitis as humans, research reveals

Dogs can suffer from same autoimmune encephalitis as humans, research reveals

UMSOM receives landmark contract from NIAID for influenza research

UMSOM receives landmark contract from NIAID for influenza research

Antibiotic resistance is transferring from humans to animals

Antibiotic resistance is transferring from humans to animals

Physicians' delivery practices must improve to boost HPV vaccine rates, study shows

Physicians' delivery practices must improve to boost HPV vaccine rates, study shows

West Nile Virus samples found 10 miles apart came from different places, NAU scientist finds

West Nile Virus samples found 10 miles apart came from different places, NAU scientist finds

Antibiotic-impregnated shunt could prevent hydrocephalus infections, save millions

Antibiotic-impregnated shunt could prevent hydrocephalus infections, save millions

Novel approach could help prevent sepsis in burn patients

Novel approach could help prevent sepsis in burn patients

Pneumonia uses hydrogen peroxide to weaken the immune system

Pneumonia uses hydrogen peroxide to weaken the immune system

Scientists discover how resistant bacteria block entrance of antibiotics

Scientists discover how resistant bacteria block entrance of antibiotics

UTEP professor receives $2.7 million NIH grant to study AIDS-associated fungal meningitis

UTEP professor receives $2.7 million NIH grant to study AIDS-associated fungal meningitis

Researchers identify molecular switch that impacts immune responses to viral infections

Researchers identify molecular switch that impacts immune responses to viral infections

Leptospirosis is far more widespread in Puerto Rico than previously believed

Leptospirosis is far more widespread in Puerto Rico than previously believed

New twist on century-old plastic surgery technique helps repair patient's skull base

New twist on century-old plastic surgery technique helps repair patient's skull base

Nanotechnology-based compound used to deliver hepatitis B vaccine

Nanotechnology-based compound used to deliver hepatitis B vaccine