Conjugated estrogens Tablets
Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some of the common questions about PREMARIN Tablets. It does
not contain all of the available information. It does not take the place of talking
to your doctor or pharmacist. All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has
weighed the risks of you taking PREMARIN against the benefits this medicine is expected
to have for you.
If you have any concerns about this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
What PREMARIN is used for
PREMARIN is a type of treatment called hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and contains
the hormone estrogen in the form known as conjugated estrogens.
PREMARIN helps to relieve the discomfort many women feel during and after menopause,
including symptoms such as "hot flushes", sweating and vaginal dryness. It helps to
prevent thinning of the bones (osteoporosis), which can cause fractures.
PREMARIN is also used to treat women where either the ovary does not function properly
or has been removed.
If your doctor thinks you will need to take estrogens for a long time, including for
the prevention of osteoporosis, he or she will have considered the benefits and risks
of other treatments before prescribing PREMARIN for you.
How it works
Menopause occurs naturally in women, typically between the ages of 45 and 55. During
menopause, your body produces less estrogen than it did beforehand. This can cause
symptoms such as "hot flushes". Some women also have problems with dryness of the
vagina causing discomfort during or after sexual intercourse. Some women develop osteoporosis
during or after menopause. This is a thinning of the bones making them weaker and
more likely to break, especially the bones of the spine, hip and wrist.
Conjugated estrogens are like the hormones produced by the ovaries before menopause.
When given during or after menopause, they can help control the symptoms.
Estrogen is used treat women who have had their uterus or "womb" removed. If you have
not had your uterus or "womb" removed, you will need to take an estrogen with a progestogen.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions why PREMARIN has been prescribed for you.
Your doctor may have prescribed PREMARIN for another use.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
PREMARIN is not habit-forming.
PREMARIN is not suitable for birth control and it will not restore fertility.
This medicine is not expected to affect your ability to drive a car or operate machinery.
Before you take PREMARIN
When you must not take PREMARIN
HRT should only be used if you have been fully informed of the risks.
The decision to use HRT should be based on your particular needs and health, and made
after a careful medical evaluation.
Talk regularly with your doctor about whether you still need treatment with PREMARIN.
Treatment with estrogens, with or without progestogens should be used at the lowest
effective dose and for the shortest period of time.
Clinical trials have reported a slight increase in risk of ovarian cancer in women
aged between 50-54 years old when PREMARIN alone or in combination with a progestogen
is taken over 5 years.
Do not take PREMARIN either alone or with a progestogen to prevent heart attacks,
stroke or dementia.
Do not take PREMARIN if you have an allergy, or think you have an allergy, to:
any medicine containing conjugated estrogens, the active ingredient in PREMARIN
any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
any other similar medicines, such as other HRT medicines or oral contraceptives ("birth
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
shortness of breath
wheezing or difficulty breathing
swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
rash, itching or hives on the skin.
Do not take PREMARIN if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:
endometrial or cervical cancer
abnormal genital bleeding, which your doctor has not investigated.
a problem with blood clots forming in your blood vessels, such as painful inflammation
of the veins (thrombophlebitis) or the blockage of a blood vessel in the legs (deep
vein thrombosis or DVT), or lungs (pulmonary embolism)
heart disease or stroke
very high blood pressure that is not properly controlled
problems with your breasts that your doctor has not investigated
blood clotting problems.
If you are not certain whether these may apply to you, or you are worried about anything
in this list tell your doctor.
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or think you are pregnant.
Pregnancy must be excluded before you take PREMARIN.
Do not give PREMARIN to a child.
This medicine is not suitable for use in children.
Do not take PREMARIN if you are breast feeding.
Estrogens have been found in breast milk, and may reduce the production of breast
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack or if the
packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If it is expired or damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.
Before you start to take PREMARIN
You must have a thorough medical check-up before starting PREMARIN for the first time
or if you are taking it again after a break.
Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any foods, dyes preservatives or any other
Tell your doctor if you have:
a family history of breast cancer
nodules, lumps or cysts in your breasts or any other benign breast condition (not
fibroids or other benign tumours of the uterus (not cancer)
unusual or irregular genital bleeding or spotting
endometriosis (material similar to the lining of the uterus growing outside the uterus,
causing pain or bleeding)
high blood pressure
a condition called porphyria
yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin (jaundice) during pregnancy or when taking
estrogen (e.g. birth control pill or HRT)
lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus)
hereditary angioedema (swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat that may cause
difficulty swallowing or breathing)
gall bladder disease
a high level of blood fats
high or low levels of calcium in the blood
underactive thyroid gland
Tell your doctor if anyone in your immediate family has had blood clots in the deep
veins of the legs or blood vessels of lungs, a stroke or heart attack.
Taking Other Medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking birth control pills.
PREMARIN is not a contraceptive. Since pregnancy may be possible early in the menopause,
while you are still having menstrual periods, you should ask your doctor about another
(non-hormonal) method of birth control.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines including:
all prescription medicines
all medicines, vitamins, herbal supplements or natural therapies you buy without a
prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket, naturopath or health food shop.
Some medicines may be affected by PREMARIN or may affect how well it works. You may
need different amounts of your medicines, or you may need to take different medicines.
Your doctor will advise you.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following:
herbal medicines containing St John's Wort
some medicines for epilepsy such as phenytoin, phenobarbitone and carbamazepine
some antibiotics and anti-infectives such as rifampicin, erythromycin and clarithromycin
anti-fungal agents such as ketoconazole and itraconazole
thyroid replacement therapy
corticosteroids, such as dexamethasone
ritonavir for the treatment of HIV infection
cyclosporin used to prevent organ rejection.
Grapefruit juice may also affect how well PREMARIN works.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you start
Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or
avoid while you are taking this medicine.
How to take PREMARIN
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions on the box, ask your doctor or pharmacist
How to take it
Swallow tablets whole with a full glass of water. Do not divide, crushed, chew, or
dissolve the tablet in your mouth.
When to take PREMARIN
If you are not already using any type of HRT you can start PREMARIN on any convenient
day. However, it is recommended you start PREMARIN after your last period. If you
do not have predictable periods, then start PREMARIN on a Monday as this matches the
directions on the calendar pack.
If you are already using a different type of HRT, your doctor can advise you when
to start PREMARIN.
It does not matter if you take PREMARIN before or after food.
How much to take
For symptoms of menopause and prevention of osteoporosis, take one tablet daily.
For women with a uterus, your doctor will also prescribe a progestogen tablet to be
taken with your PREMARIN. For some women with a history of endometriosis, who have
had a hysterectomy, a progestogen may also be needed. Your doctor will advise you.
For women without fully-functioning ovaries, your doctor will prescribe PREMARIN according
to your needs. The dose may be higher or lower than that prescribed for the treatment
of menopause symptoms.
Take all tablets in a blister pack before starting a new pack.
How long to take it
Continue to take your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
Your doctor can discuss the risks and benefits of long-term treatment with HRT in
your particular case.
If you forget to take your tablets
If less than 12 hours has passed from the time you normally take PREMARIN, take the
Take the next tablet at the usual time.
If more than 12 hours has passed, discard the missed tablet and take the next tablet
when you normally would.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the one you missed.
If you have trouble remembering when to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for
If you take too much (Overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26 or
go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital if you think you or anybody else
has taken too much PREMARIN.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention.
Symptoms of an overdose may include:
feeling sick or vomiting
feeling sleepy or tired
women may also experience menstrual bleeding.
While you are taking PREMARIN
Things you must do
Tell any doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are taking
If you are about to take any new medicines, tell your doctor or pharmacist that you
are taking PREMARIN.
If you become pregnant while taking PREMARIN, see your doctor immediately.
PREMARIN should not be taken while you are pregnant.
See your doctor at least every six months for a check up.
Some women may need to go more often.
Your doctor will at regular intervals:
check your breasts
send you to have a mammogram
check your uterus and cervix
do a Pap smear
check your blood pressure.
Your doctor may also take blood to check your blood fats, sugar levels and liver function.
This helps to monitor for any unwanted effects of HRT.
If you have used PREMARIN as HRT for 5 or more years, there may be a slight increase
in risk of you developing ovarian cancer.
See your doctor if you experience symptoms such as pressure, discomfort or pain in
your stomach or pelvis; swollen or bloated stomach; appetite loss; changes in toilet
habits (e.g., constipation, diarrhoea, passing urine more frequently, increased flatulence);
heartburn and nausea; tiredness; unexplained weight loss or weight gain especially
if these symptoms are new for you or continue for a few weeks.
Having these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have ovarian cancer, but it is
best to have a check-up. Your doctor will physically check your pelvic organs and
conduct blood tests, to rule out the ovarian cancer
If you need to have blood tests tell the doctor that you are taking PREMARIN.
PREMARIN can affect the results of some tests. These include hormone and liver function
Check your breasts regularly.
Your doctor or nurse can show you how to check your breasts properly. If you notice
any changes to your breasts, see your doctor.
Include foods that are good sources of calcium and vitamin D in your daily diet, and
Calcium, vitamin D and exercise may help prevent thinning of the bones. Your doctor
can advise you on which foods and types of exercise are best for you.
Tell your doctor well in advance (at least 4 to 6 weeks) of any expected hospitalisation
If you go to hospital unexpectedly, tell the doctor who admits you that you are taking
The risk of developing blood clots in your blood vessels may be temporarily increased
as a result of an operation, serious injury or having to stay in bed for a prolonged
Tell your doctor if you have any breakthrough bleeding or spotting, which persists
after 2 to 3 months of treatment with PREMARIN.
Breakthrough bleeding or spotting may occur during the first few months of treatment
and then stop. However, if the bleeding continues, your doctor may wish to check why
it is happening.
Things you must not do
Do not take PREMARIN to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not give your medicine to anyone else even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not stop taking PREMARIN, or change the dosage without checking with your doctor.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you
are taking PREMARIN.
All medicines have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they
are not. You may need medical attention if you get some side effects.
It can be difficult to tell whether side effects are the result of taking PREMARIN
or are side effects of another medicine you are taking.
Do not be alarmed by the list of side effects. You may not experience any of them.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
abnormal genital bleeding or spotting (if bleeding is heavy check with your doctor
as soon as possible)
tender, painful or swollen breasts, or secretions from the breasts
period-like pain or pelvic pain
vaginal discharge or change in secretions
stomach swelling or passing wind
nausea or vomiting
headache or migraine
loss of hearing
loss of memory
irregular, rapid jerky movements
depression or anxiety
problems sleeping or sleepiness
moodiness or irritability
changes in sex drive
swelling of the lower legs, ankles or fingers
swelling and redness along a vein which is extremely tender to touch
acne, itchy skin, or skin discolouration
hair loss or extra hair growth
intolerance to contact lenses
worsening of porphyria.
Tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital
if you notice any of the following:
signs of allergy such as rash, itching or hives on the skin; swelling of the face,
lips, tongue or other part of the body; shortness of breath, wheezing or troubled
signs that clots may have formed, such as sudden severe headache, sudden loss of coordination,
blurred vision, slurred speech, numbness or tingling in an arm or leg, painful swelling
in the calves or thighs, chest pain, difficulty breathing, coughing blood
sudden partial or complete loss of vision or other problems with your eyesight
pain or tenderness in the stomach, which may be accompanied by fever, loss of appetite,
nausea and vomiting
a yellow colour to the skin or eyes, itching, dark coloured urine or light coloured
bloody diarrhoea, abdominal pain or tenderness, fever, nausea or vomiting.
Whilst these side effects are rare, they are serious. You may need urgent medical
attention or hospitalisation.
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. Tell your doctor
if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell, even if it is not on this
After taking PREMARIN
Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them.
If you take them out of the blister, they may not keep well.
Keep your tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store PREMARIN, or any medicine, in a bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave
PREMARIN in the car or on windowsills.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place
to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking PREMARIN, or the expiry date has passed, ask
your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.
What it looks like
PREMARIN tablets are available in two different strengths:
PREMARIN 0.3 mg tablets
PREMARIN 0.625 mg tablets
Each strength comes in a pack of 28 tablets. PREMARIN 0.3 mg tablets are also available
in packs of 7 tablets.
The active ingredient is conjugated estrogens.
Each dark green PREMARIN 0.3 mg tablet contains conjugated estrogens 0.3 mg and is
Each maroon PREMARIN 0.625 mg tablet contains conjugated estrogens 0.625 mg and is
The following inactive ingredients are also found in all strengths of PREMARIN:
The colouring agent found in PREMARIN 0.3 mg tablet is opadry green.
The colouring agent found in PREMARIN 0.625 mg tablets is opadry maroon.
PREMARIN tablets are supplied by:
Pfizer Australia Pty Ltd
Toll Free Number: 1800 675 229
Australian Registration Numbers:
PREMARIN 0.3 mg tablets
AUST R 177673.
PREMARIN 0.625 mg tablets
AUST R 177674.
This leaflet was prepared in February 2020.
® Registered Trade Mark