Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about VYTORIN. It does not contain all
the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking
VYTORIN against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
What VYTORIN is used for
VYTORIN helps to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is used in people whose
cholesterol levels are too high and when diet alone cannot lower these levels adequately.
Cholesterol is one of several fatty substances found in the bloodstream. Your total
cholesterol is made up mainly of LDL and HDL cholesterol.
LDL cholesterol is often called 'bad' cholesterol because it can build up in the walls
of your arteries forming plaque. Eventually this plaque build-up can lead to a narrowing
of the arteries.
This narrowing can slow or block blood flow to vital organs such as the heart and
brain. This blocking of blood flow can result in a heart attack or stroke.
HDL cholesterol is often called 'good' cholesterol because it helps keep the bad cholesterol
from building up in the arteries and protects against heart disease.
Triglycerides are another form of fat in your blood that may increase your risk for
How VYTORIN works
VYTORIN reduces elevated total-cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglycerides
and increases HDL (good) cholesterol.
VYTORIN works by decreasing the absorption of cholesterol in the small intestine and
by reducing the amount of cholesterol made in the liver. VYTORIN does not help you
If you have heart disease and a history of heart attack or hospitalisation for unstable
angina (chest pain), VYTORIN reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke, surgery to
increase heart blood flow, or hospitalisation for chest pain.
Your doctor may have prescribed VYTORIN for another reason. Ask your doctor if you
have any questions about why VYTORIN has been prescribed for you.
VYTORIN is not addictive.
Use in Children and Adolescents
VYTORIN is used in children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) to treat familial
hypercholesterolaemia, a type of high cholesterol that is hereditary (i.e. passed
on through families).
VYTORIN is not recommended for use in children under 10 years of age, as there have
been no studies of its effects in this age group.
Your doctor will assess whether VYTORIN is suitable for your child. Depending on the
pubertal development of your child, VYTORIN may not be suitable for him or her.
Before you take VYTORIN
When you must not take it
Do not take VYTORIN if:
you have an allergy to VYTORIN or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include skin rash, itchiness, shortness of breath,
swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat.
you are pregnant or breast feeding.
VYTORIN is contraindicated (i.e. should not be used) during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
If you take this medicine during pregnancy and breastfeeding, your baby may absorb
this medicine and it may affect your baby's normal development causing foetal malformations
(birth defects) or irreversible damage.
you have active liver disease or repeated blood tests indicating possible liver problems.
you have had muscle pain, tenderness or weakness from other medicines used to treat
high cholesterol or triglycerides.
You are taking certain medicines such as gemfibrozil, ciclosporin, danazol, fusidic
acid and strong CYP3A4 inhibitors like itraconazole and ketoconazole. Please see the
section "Taking other medicines" in this CMI for more information.
the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
the expiry date on the pack has passed.
If you take this medicine after the expiry date has passed, it may not work.
If you are not sure whether you should start taking VYTORIN, talk to your doctor.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if:
1. you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
VYTORIN should not be used during pregnancy.
2. you are breast-feeding.
VYTORIN should not be used while breast feeding.
3. you have unexplained muscle pain, tenderness or weakness not caused by exercise. This
is because on rare occasions, muscle problems can be serious, including muscle breakdown
resulting in kidney damage that can lead to death.
Your doctor may do a blood test to check for certain muscle problems.
5. you are taking niacin or a niacin-containing product.
6. you have, or have had, any medical conditions, including liver disease or liver problems.
Your doctor will do a blood test to make sure you have no problems with your liver.
7. you have kidney disease, diabetes or any other medical problems.
8. you drink alcohol regularly.
9. you have any allergies to any other medicines or any other substances, such as foods,
preservatives or dyes.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you take
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including medicines that you
buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines should not be taken with VYTORIN. These include:
nefazodone, used to treat depression
medicines containing cobicistat, a drug used in the treatment of HIV infection.
protease inhibitors, including indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, used
to treat HIV infection
certain hepatitis C virus protease inhibitors (such as boceprevir or telaprevir)
gemfibrozil, used to treat high cholesterol levels
ciclosporin, used to suppress the immune system
erythromycin, clarithromycin, telithromycin and fusidic acid, antibiotics used to
ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole and voriconazole used to treat certain fungal
If you are taking any of the above, your doctor may suggest stopping VYTORIN temporarily
Some medicines and VYTORIN may interfere with each other. These include:
Certain hepatitis C antiviral agents, such as elbasvir, or grazoprevir
bile acid sequestrants, such as cholestyramine, used to lower cholesterol levels.
other medicines to lower cholesterol levels, for example, other fibrates, nicotinic
acid (also known as niacin).
Warfarin, fluindione, or other drugs used to prevent blood clots
colchicine, used for gout
verapamil, used to treat high blood pressure and angina
diltiazem, used to treat angina
amiodarone, used to treat irregular heart beat
amlodipine, used to treat high blood pressure and angina
digoxin, used to treat heart failure
lomitapide (a drug used to treat a serious and rare genetic cholesterol condition)
These medicines may be affected by VYTORIN, may affect how well it works, or may increase
the risk of side effects with VYTORIN. You may need different amounts of your medicine,
or you may need to take different medicines or take your medicines at different times.
Your doctor or pharmacist has more information on medicines to be careful with or
avoid while taking VYTORIN.
You should also tell any doctor who is prescribing a new medication for you that you
are taking VYTORIN.
How to take VYTORIN
How much to take
Take VYTORIN only when prescribed by your doctor.
The recommended dose in adults (18 years and over) is one VYTORIN 10/10, 10/20, 10/40
or 10/80 tablet once a day, in the evening. Your doctor will adjust your VYTORIN dose
depending on your response.
The recommended dose in adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) with familial hypercholesterolaemia
is one VYTORIN 10/10, 10/20 or 10/40 tablet once a day, in the evening. The maximum
recommended dose in adolescents is 10/40 mg.
Because of the increased risk of muscle problems, the VYTORIN 10/80 tablet is only
for patients at high risk of heart disease problems who have not yet reached their
cholesterol goal on lower doses.
Swallow VYTORIN with a glass of water.
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor and pharmacist carefully.
They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
If you do not understand the instructions, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
When to take it
VYTORIN should be taken once a day, in the evening.
The liver produces its greatest amount of cholesterol when the body is at rest and
when there is no dietary intake. For most people this is at night when asleep. Therefore,
VYTORIN is more effective when taken in the evening. A good time would be after your
evening meal. However, it does not matter whether you take it before or after food.
However, take VYTORIN about the same time each day.
Taking VYTORIN at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help
you remember when to take your dose.
Your doctor may ask you to take VYTORIN with other cholesterol lowering agents such
as bile acid sequestrants.
If you are taking a bile acid sequestrant, such as cholestyramine, take your VYTORIN
either at least two hours before or four hours after taking the bile acid sequestrant.
How long to take it
VYTORIN helps lower your cholesterol. It does not cure your condition.
Therefore, you must continue to take it as directed by your doctor if you expect to
lower your cholesterol and keep it down.
You may have to take cholesterol lowering medicine for the rest of your life. If you
stop taking VYTORIN, your cholesterol levels may rise again.
If you forget to take it
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next
dose when you are meant to. Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go
back to taking your tablet as you would normally.
If you are not sure whether to skip the dose, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.
If you have trouble remembering to take your tablet, ask your pharmacist for some
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26),
or go to accident and emergency at your nearest hospital, if you think that you or
anyone else may have taken too much VYTORIN. Do this even if there are no signs of
discomfort or poisoning.
While you are using VYTORIN
Things you must do
If you become pregnant while taking VYTORIN, stop taking it and tell your doctor immediately.
Have your blood fats checked when your doctor says, to make sure VYTORIN is working.
Even if you are taking medicines to treat high cholesterol, it is important to have
your cholesterol measured regularly. You should also know your cholesterol levels
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, tell your doctor and pharmacist
that you are taking VYTORIN.
If you are about to have elective surgery, tell your doctor that you are taking VYTORIN.
Your doctor may suggest stopping the tablets a few days before surgery.
Things you must not do
Do not give VYTORIN to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Things to be careful of
Avoid drinking large quantities of alcohol.
Drinking large quantities of alcohol may increase your chance of VYTORIN causing liver
Grapefruit juice should be avoided while taking VYTORIN.
Grapefruit juice contains one or more components that alter the metabolism of some
medicines, including VYTORIN.
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how VYTORIN affects you.
There have been side effects reported with VYTORIN that may affect your ability to
drive or operate machinery. Individual responses to VYTORIN may vary.
High cholesterol can be treated in two main ways:
Lifestyle Changes -
this includes a cholesterol-lowering diet, increasing physical activity, and weight
management. Ask your doctor for advice before increasing physical activity.
cholesterol-lowering medicines are used together with lifestyle changes to help lower
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you
are taking VYTORIN.
VYTORIN helps most people with high cholesterol, but it may have unwanted side effects
in a few people. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious,
most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor immediately or go to accident and emergency at your nearest hospital,
if you notice any of the following:
swelling of the face, lips, mouth, throat or tongue which may cause difficulty in
swallowing or breathing
These are serious side effects. If you have them, you may have had a serious allergic
reaction to VYTORIN. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. Serious
side effects are rare.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
skin rash and hives
raised red rash, sometimes with target-shaped lesions
dark coloured urine
light coloured bowel motions
bleeding or bruising more easily than normal
steady abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting.
These may be serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention. Serious
side effects are rare.
Liver problems can also occur and may be serious. Your doctor may do blood tests to
check your liver
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms of liver
feel tired or weak
loss of appetite
upper belly pain
yellowing of the skin or the white of your eyes.
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice the following:
unexplained muscle aches, tenderness or weakness, not caused by exercise (in very
rare cases this may not go away after stopping VYTORIN).
This may be a serious side effect. This is because on rare occasions, muscle problems
can be serious, including muscle breakdown resulting in kidney damage that can lead
to death. You may need urgent medical attention.
The risk of muscle breakdown is greater at higher doses of VYTORIN, particularly the
10/80 mg dose.
The risk of muscle breakdown is also greater for older patients (65 years of age and
older), female patients, patients with kidney problems , and patients with thyroid
Serious side effects are rare.
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. Tell your doctor
if you notice any other effects.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following:
These are the more common side effects of VYTORIN or of either ezetimibe or simvastatin.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following:
Tingling or numbness of the hands or feet
Breathing problems including persistent cough and/or shortness of breath, that may
also occur with fatigue, unexplained weight loss or fever
These are rare side effects of ezetimibe or simvastatin.
In adolescent patients (10 to 17 years of age) there have been no studies longer than
1 year of the effect of taking VYTORIN on bone development, growth, social and emotional
development, or fertility.
Do not be alarmed by these lists of possible side effects. You may not experience
any of them.
After using VYTORIN
Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them.
If you take the tablets out of the blister pack they may not keep well.
Keep VYTORIN in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C. Do not store
it or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink.
Do not leave it in the car or on window sills.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place
to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking VYTORIN or the tablets have passed their expiry
date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any that are left over.
What it looks like
VYTORIN comes in four types of tablets:
VYTORIN 10/10 - 10mg Ezetimibe/10mg Simvastatin: White to off-white, capsule shaped,
biconvex compressed tablet marked with "311".
VYTORIN 10/20 - 10mg Ezetimibe/ 20mg Simvastatin: White to off-white, capsule shaped,
biconvex compressed tablet marked with "312".
VYTORIN 10/40 - 10mg Ezetimibe/ 40mg Simvastatin: White to off-white, capsule shaped,
biconvex compressed tablet marked with "313".
VYTORIN 10/80 - 10mg Ezetimibe/ 80mg Simvastatin: White to off-white, capsule shaped,
biconvex compressed tablet marked with "315".
A starter pack of VYTORIN contains 5 or 10 tablets. A trade pack contains 30 tablets.
VYTORIN 10/10 -
10mg ezetimibe/10mg simvastatin per tablet
VYTORIN 10/20 -
10mg ezetimibe/20mg simvastatin per tablet
VYTORIN 10/40 -
10mg ezetimibe/ 40mg simvastatin per tablet
VYTORIN 10/80 -
10mg ezetimibe/ 80mg simvastatin per tablet
citric acid monohydrate
VYTORIN does not contain gluten, sucrose, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.
VYTORIN is supplied in Australia by:
Merck Sharp & Dohme (Australia) Pty Limited
A.B.N 14000 173 508
Level 1, Building A
26 Talavera Road
MACQUARIE PARK NSW 2113
This leaflet was prepared in November 2017.
This CMI leaflet was current at the time of printing. To check if it has been updated,
please view our website, www.msdinfo.com.au/vytorincmi, or ask your pharmacist.
Australian Register Number:
VYTORIN 10/10 - AUST R 98100
VYTORIN 10/20 - AUST R 98111
VYTORIN 10/40 - AUST R 98115
VYTORIN 10/80 - AUST R 98117
WPPI-MK0653A-T-042017 VYTORIN PI A171117v14