Sulfamethoxazole (sul-fa-meth-OX-a-zole) and trimethoprim (try-METH-oh-prim)
Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about DBL Sulfamethoxazole 400 mg and Trimethoprim
80 mg (DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim). It does not contain all the available information.
It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim against the benefits they expect it will have for
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
What DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim is used for
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim is an antibacterial product containing two different
antibiotics, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. Together, both drugs are more efficient
than either one is alone.
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri- methoprim is used to treat infections where treatment with
the oral dosage form of the antibiotic is not appropriate.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed
Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is not addictive.
This medicine is available only with a doctor’s prescription.
Before you are given this medicine
When you must not be given it
You must not be given DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim if you have an allergy to:
any medicine containing sulfamethoxazole
any medicine containing trimethoprim
any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
Some people are allergic to ‘sulfa’ drugs. Sulfamethoxazole is a ‘sulfa’-containing
Symptoms of an allergic reaction to sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim may include:
cough, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing
swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
rash, itching or hives on the skin.
You must not be given DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim if you have any of the following:
severe liver disease
abnormal cells in the blood
severe kidney disease
abnormal red blood cells (anaemias) associated with low levels of folic acid
a low platelet count with bleeding or bruising more easily than normal with previous
use of trimethoprim and/or sulfonamides.
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim should not be given to premature babies or newborn
babies (up to 8 weeks old).
You must not be given DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim if you are taking dofetilide
(a medicine used to treat irregular heartbeat) at the same time.
If you are not sure whether you should be given this medicine, talk to your doctor
Before you are given it
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have allergies to:
any other medicines, especially those containing ‘sulfas.’
any foods, preservatives or dyes.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have recently (days or weeks) been given DBL
Your doctor or pharmacist will discuss with you the benefits and risks of you being
given it again.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim is not recommended for use during pregnancy.
If there is a need to consider DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim during your pregnancy,
your doctor or pharmacist will discuss with you the benefits and risks of being given
it. You may require a folic acid supplement to reduce the risk of harm to your unborn
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are breast-feeding or plan to breast-feed.
Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim passes into breast milk and therefore there is a
possibility that the breast-fed baby may be affected.
If there is a need to consider Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim while you are breast-feeding,
your doctor or pharmacist will discuss with you the benefits and risks of you being
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have or have had any medical conditions, especially
a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)
anaemia or other blood disorders
kidney disease, or kidney transplant
liver disease (hepatitis)
HIV positive or AIDS
If you have not told your doctor or pharmacist about any of the above, tell them before
you are given DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim .
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or using any other medicines, including
any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health
Some medicines and DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim may interfere with each other.
medicines that change to acidity of the urine (e.g. salts for cystitis)
medicines used to prevent blood clots (blood thinners) such as warfarin
phenylbutazone, or indomethacin (medicines to reduce inflammation)
phenytoin (a medicine for epilepsy)
diuretic agents (fluid tablets) particularly thiazides
hypoglycaemics, medicines to control blood sugar
digoxin and dofetilide, medicines used to assist heart function
ciclosporin, a medicine used to lower the immune system
pyrimethamine, a medicine used in the treatment or prevention of malaria
leucovorin (calcium folinate)
antithyroid medicines (thionamides) used to treat overactive thyroid
These medicines may be affected by DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim or may affect
how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicine, or you may need
to take or use different medicines. Your doctor or pharmacist will advise you.
Your doctor and pharmacist may have more information on medicines to be careful with
or avoid while you are being given this medicine.
How DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim is given
How it is given
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim must always be diluted before use and is given
as an intravenous infusion (i.e. a slow injection through a 'drip' into the vein)
twice a day. An infusion pump may be used to control the flow rate of the 'drip'.
This medicine should only be given by a doctor, nurse, or other trained person.
How much is given
Your doctor will decide what dose you will receive. This depends on your condition
and other factors such as your age and weight.
If you take too much (overdose)
As DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim is given to you under the supervision of your
doctor, it is very unlikely that you will receive too much. Your doctor or pharmacist
has information on how to recognise and treat an overdose.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any concerns.
In case of overdose, immediately contact the Poisons Information Centre for advice
on management. (in Australia, call 13 11 26)
While you are being given DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim
Things you must do
If you get severe diarrhoea, tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist immediately. Do
this even if it occurs several weeks after treatment with Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim
has been stopped.
Diarrhoea may mean that you have a serious condition affecting your bowel. You may
need urgent medical care.
Do not take diarrhoea medicine without first checking with your doctor.
If you become pregnant while being given Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, tell your
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you
are being given DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim.
This medicine helps most people with infections, but it may have unwanted side effects
in some people. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most
of the time they are not. You may need medical attention if you get some of the side
effects. If you are over 65 years of age you may have an increased chance of getting
Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects.
You may not experience any of them.
Tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they
pain or swelling at the injection site
nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite
soreness of the mouth
increased sensitivity of skin to the sun (sunburn)
increased or decreased frequency of urination
insomnia (difficulty sleeping)
ringing in the ears.
Ask your doctor, or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist immediately if you notice any of the following:
multiple symptoms such as fever, swollen glands, feeling weak, lightheaded, shortness
of breath, bruising, or skin rash simultaneously or with a slight delay
severe blisters and bleeding in the lips, eyes, mouth, nose or genitals
itchy spots or red, painful rash or lumps under the skin, accompanied by a fast heartbeat,
fever, weight loss and feeling unwell
sudden signs of allergy such as rash, itching or hives on the skin, swelling of the
face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body, cough, shortness of breath,
wheezing or trouble breathing
sore throat, fever chills, cough, phlegm and occasionally blood
rapid, shallow breathing, cold, clammy skin, a rapid, weak pulse, dizziness, weakness
unusual bleeding or bruising under the skin
yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes
discolouration of urine or bowel motions
low sugar (glucose) levels in the blood: sweating, weakness, hunger, dizziness, trembling,
headache, flushing or paleness, numbness, having a fast, pounding heartbeat
temporary paralysis or muscle weakness
deep, rapid breathing, pounding heartbeat, headache, severe anxiety, changes in vision,
nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, altered appetite and weight gain, muscle weakness,
bone and joint pain
confusion, loss of contact with reality and unable to think or judge clearly.
These may be serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention. DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim
may also cause changes in the number of cells in your blood.
You may not have any side effects from this, but blood tests may indicate that it
has occurred. Mostly these changes are mild and reversible when DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-
methoprim is stopped.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients.
After using DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim
The hospital staff will store DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim in a cool, dry place
at a temperature below 30°C. It should not be refrigerated They will also check that
the expiry date has not passed.
The hospital staff will dispose of any unused DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri-methoprim.
What it looks like
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri- methoprim is a clear, colourless or slightly yellow liquid.
It must always be diluted before use and should not be used if there are any crystals
or cloudiness in the solution.
water for injection.
This medicine does not contain lactose, sucrose, gluten, tartrazine or any other azo
Pfizer Australia Pty Ltd
Toll Free Number: 1800 675 229.
Australian Registration Numbers
DBL Sulfamethoxazole/Tri – methoprim (5 x 5 mL ampoules): AUST R 16293.
This leaflet was prepared in December 2022.
© Pfizer Australia Pty Ltd.