Dyslexia Symptoms

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

The symptoms of dyslexia vary in severity from person to person. Each individual affected by the condition has their own set of particular strengths and weaknesses regarding their ability to comprehend, interpret and relay verbal information.

In order to aid diagnosis, the symptoms for dyslexia can be grouped according to a child’s age.

Pre-school age children

Dyslexia is challenging to diagnose in children of this age, who have widely varying learning curves. However, features of the condition among children of this age group include:

  • Slow development of speech.
  • Difficulty ordering words correctly and tendency to jumble letters. For example, the child may say “tevelision” instead of “television.”
  • Difficulty compiling sentences properly in order to express themselves.
  • Poor appreciation or understanding of rhymes.
  • Lack of interest in learning the letters of the alphabet.

Primary school age children

The symptoms of dyslexia generally become easier to recognise in children of primary school age. Some features of the condition among children aged 5 to 12 include:

  • Difficulty understanding the meaning of a written word.
  • Poor phonological awareness, which refers to a person’s ability to understand how a word is comprised of smaller units of sound. This is essential for spelling and reading. For example, a child with dyslexia may not understand how replacement of the letter “m” in the word “men” with the letter “t” makes it “ten.”
  • Poor verbal memory. Verbal memory is the ability to recall information such as a short list of items or a few instructions. For example, the child may have trouble remembering what they are supposed to do when told to “go and get a cup, fill it with water and take it to the lady.”
  • Difficulty learning sequences such as the letters of the alphabet or the days of the week.
  • Unpredictable and inconsistent spelling, with a tendency to place letters and figures the wrong way around.
  • Difficulty reading out loud.
  • Visual disturbances when reading. For example the child may describe seeing letters move around or becoming blurred.
  • Children may be able to answer questions well orally but then have difficulty writing down what they said.
  • Poor ability to write and difficulty taking dictation or even copying from text.
  • Lack of organizational skills and poor time management.
  • Shy and introverted behavior due to fear of speaking or reading incorrectly. These children may also suffer from a low self esteem and get targeted by bullies.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Jun 19, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, June 19). Dyslexia Symptoms. News-Medical. Retrieved on April 21, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Dyslexia-Symptoms.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Dyslexia Symptoms". News-Medical. 21 April 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/Dyslexia-Symptoms.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Dyslexia Symptoms". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Dyslexia-Symptoms.aspx. (accessed April 21, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. Dyslexia Symptoms. News-Medical, viewed 21 April 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Dyslexia-Symptoms.aspx.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.