Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about Lioresal Intrathecal.
It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking
to your doctor or pharmacist.
The information in this leaflet was last updated on the date listed on the final page.
More recent information on the medicine may be available.
You should ensure that you speak to your pharmacist or doctor to obtain the most up-to-date
information on the medicine. You can also download the most up-to-date leaflet from
Those updates may contain important information about the medicine and its use of
which you should be aware. All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has
weighed the risks of you having Lioresal Intrathecal against the benefits they expect
it will give you.
If you have any concerns about this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet.
You may need to read it again.
What Lioresal Intrathecal is used for
Lioresal Intrathecal is used to reduce tension in your muscles which causes spasms.
These spasms happen in various illnesses such as multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy
and other diseases or injuries of the spinal cord or brain.
Because this medicine reduces spasms and the pain that goes with them, it helps to
make you more mobile. This helps you to manage your daily activities and makes physiotherapy
Lioresal Intrathecal belongs to a group of medicines called muscle relaxants. It contains
the active ingredient, baclofen, in the form of an ampoule for injection. It is used
when medicines taken by mouth do not work well enough or when they cause too many
The solution in the ampoule is injected into your back (spinal cord) using a special
pump. From the pump, a constant amount of baclofen goes into your spinal cord through
a tiny tube.
This medicine can be used for adults and for children aged four years or older.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed
Your doctor may have prescribed it for another purpose.
This medicine is only available with a doctor's prescription.
Before you have Lioresal Intrathecal
When you must not have it
Do not have Lioresal Intrathecal if you have ever had an allergic reaction after taking:
baclofen (the active ingredient in Lioresal Intrathecal and Lioresal tablets)
any of the other ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include hives or an itchy skin rash, flushing
of the face, swelling of the face, lips or tongue, faintness, tight feeling in the
chest, wheezing or difficulty breathing.
Do not have Lioresal Intrathecal after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the
packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
In that case, return it to your pharmacist.
If you are not sure whether you should start having this medicine, talk to your doctor.
Before you start to have it
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Ask your doctor about the
risks and benefits involved.
There is no information on use of this medicine in pregnancy or while breast-feeding.
Get urgent medical help if you observe that your implanted device is not working and
you also notice withdrawal symptoms (see "If the medicine must be stopped").
Tell your doctor if you have any of the following medical conditions:
an infection of any kind
a mental illness, especially if it makes you feel confused at times
stomach ulcers now or at any time in the past
problems with blood flow to the brain
Your doctor may not want to give you this medicine or may want to take special precautions
if you have any of the above conditions.
If you have not told your doctor about any of these things, tell him/her before you
start Lioresal Intrathecal.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including medicines that you
buy without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines and Lioresal Intrathecal may interfere with each other. These include:
medicines for high blood pressure
medicines to help you sleep or calm you down
medicines for depression (sad mood)
medicines for pain such as morphine
medicines for Parkinson's disease
You may need to take different amounts of your medicines or you may need to take different
Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or
avoid while you are having Lioresal Intrathecal.
How Lioresal Intrathecal is given
What will happen
This medicine can only be given by experienced doctors using special medical equipment.
You will need to stay in hospital, at least at the beginning of treatment.
Your doctor will inject a small amount of Lioresal Intrathecal into your spinal cord
to see if it improves your muscle spasms.
If it does, then a special pump will be implanted under the skin of your abdomen.
The pump will give you a small amount of medicine all the time.
You will be monitored closely in a fully equipped and staffed environment during the
screening phase and dose-titration period immediately following pump implant. You
will regularly be assessed for your dosage requirements, for possible side effects
or evidence of infection. The functioning of the delivery system will also be checked.
You or the person caring for you will be shown how to look after the pump at home
and how to keep the skin where it has been implanted free from infection.
It may take several days to find the amount of medicine that suits you best. Your
doctor will keep a close watch on you during this time.
After that, your doctor will still want to see you regularly to check your progress
and make sure your pump is working well.
If you have too much (Overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26)
for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital if you think
that you may have had too much Lioresal Intrathecal, even if there are no signs of
discomfort or poisoning.
It is very important that you and those caring for you know the signs of overdose
that can happen. These are:
unusual muscle weakness
unusual light-headedness or dizziness
unusual nausea or vomiting
fainting or fits (seizures)
If you have any of the above signs, inform your doctor without delay.
Signs of overdose may happen suddenly or more slowly (for example, because the pump
is not working properly).
If the medicine must be stopped
If this medicine must be stopped for any reason, your doctor will reduce the dose
gradually to avoid unwanted side effects. Suddenly stopping Lioresal Intrathecal or
rapidly reducing the dose can cause serious side effects which in a few, rare cases
have been fatal.
Do not stop Lioresal Intrathecal suddenly or allow the pump to run out of medicine.
If it should happen, tell your doctor immediately and watch out for the following
Stopping this medicine suddenly may bring on severe and uncontrolled muscle spasms
and other unwanted symptoms, including difficulty in muscle movements, dizziness or
light-headedness due to low blood pressure, severe itching and numbness or tingling
in hands and feet, anxiety, high fever, altered mental conditions for example agitation,
confusion, hallucination, abnormal thinking and behaviour or convulsions (seizures),
persistent painful erection of the penis (priapism) and infection (sepsis).
Problems with the pump, for example, due to battery problems, catheter problems, alarm
dysfunction or device malfunctions may also cause withdrawal symptoms.
If you have any of the above signs, tell your doctor immediately. These signs may
be followed by more serious side effects (including death) unless you are treated
While you are having Lioresal Intrathecal
Things you must do
Follow your doctor's instructions carefully. Make sure the pump and the site on the
skin are looked after properly.
If not, the pump may not work properly or you could get a serious skin infection.
See your doctor regularly and keep all appointments to refill the pump.
If you don't have the pump refilled when you are supposed to, you may suddenly run
out of medicine (see "If the medicine must be stopped" for more information).
If any change to the flow rate (the amount of medicine you are given each day through
the pump) is needed, make sure this is supervised by a trained health professional.
Errors in changing the flow rate could make the dose of medicine too high and lead
to serious side effects.
If your muscle spasms come back, either suddenly or gradually, tell your doctor.
Your doctor may be able to change the dose of Lioresal Intrathecal to make it work
better for you.
Tell your doctor immediately if you have pain in your back, shoulders, neck and buttock
If you become pregnant while you are having this medicine, tell your doctor.
You doctor can discuss with you the risks of being given this medicine while you are
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist
that you are having Lioresal Intrathecal.
Tell any other doctor, dentist or pharmacist who treats you that you are having Lioresal
Things you must not do
Do not stop Lioresal Intrathecal suddenly.
See "If the medicine must be stopped" for more information.
Do not give this medicine to anyone else, even if their symptoms seem to be the same
Things to be careful of
Be careful driving, operating machinery or doing jobs that require you to be alert
while you are having Lioresal Intrathecal until you know how it affects you.
This medicine may cause dizziness, sleepiness or blurred vision in some people.
Be careful when drinking alcohol while you are having this medicine.
You may feel more sleepy or dizzy than usual.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you
are having Lioresal Intrathecal.
All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time
they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.
Some side effects could be associated with the delivery system.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
drowsiness, tiredness or lack of energy
dizziness or light-headedness
feeling sick or vomiting
loss of appetite, weight loss
numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
muscle weakness, spasms or pain or change in muscle tone
problems with coordination and balance
blurred or double vision
feeling anxious, confused, disorientated or unable to sleep
problems with concentration or memory
dry mouth, decreased sense of taste
increase in saliva
problems with sexual function
Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:
slow or difficult breathing, chest tightness or congestion
fever, chills or other signs of infection, pneumonia
swelling of the face, ankles, feet or lower legs
pain, numbness or heavy feeling in the legs
unusually slow heart beat
depression or other severe mood or mental disorders (paranoia)
difficulty in swallowing
rash or itching of skin
continuous uncontrollable eye movements
loss of bladder (urine) control or other bladder problems
severe vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation
increase in sideways curvature of the spine (a type of spinal deformity called scoliosis)
feeling of extreme happiness (euphoria)
suicidal ideas and suicide attempt
The above side effects could be serious. You may need medical attention.
Tell your doctor if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell, even
if it is not on this list.
Some people may get other side effects of Lioresal Intrathecal.
After being given Lioresal Intrathecal
If you are keeping a supply of Lioresal Intrathecal at home:
Keep your ampoules in the cardboard carton until it is time to use them
Store the ampoules in a cool dry place below 30 degrees C. (room temperature)
Do not store this medicine or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink
Do not leave it in the car or on window sills.
Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines. Lioresal Intrathecal will keep well
if it is cool and dry.
Keep the ampoules where young children cannot reach them.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place
to store medicines.
If you no longer need this medicine or it has passed its expiry date, return any unused
ampoules to your pharmacist.
What it looks like
Lioresal Intrathecal is packaged in clear glass ampoules in packs of one ampoule.
There are different sizes of ampoule available:
1 mL ampoule containing 0.05 mg (50 micrograms) baclofen.
5 mL ampoule containing 10 mg baclofen.
20 mL ampoule containing 10 mg baclofen.
The smallest size is used to test your response to Lioresal Intrathecal. The two larger
sizes are used to fill the pump, depending on the amount of medicine you need.
As well as baclofen, the active ingredient, the ampoules also contain sodium chloride
and water for injection.
Lioresal Intrathecal is supplied in Australia by:
NOVARTIS Pharmaceuticals Australia Pty Limited
ABN 18 004 244 160
54 Waterloo Road
Macquarie Park NSW 2113
®= Registered Trademark
This leaflet was prepared in November 2017.
Australian Registration Numbers
0.05 mg/1 mL - AUST R 53837
10 mg/5 mL - AUST R 53836
10 mg/20 mL - AUST R 53835
Internal document code:
(lrsi011117c) based on PI (lrsi011117i)