Rosacea is a skin condition that leads to facial flushing, redness, persistent red spots, and a burning, tingling, warm sensation across affected areas of the face. The exact cause of the condition is not yet known.
Opinion is divided regarding the type of skin that is more prone to rosacea. However, Caucasians or fair individuals are more likely to develop the condition than those with darker skin. Caucasians often have a more sensitive skin type that is characterized by flushing, blushing and a tendency to tingle or feel hot. One important feature of this skin type is inflammation and the elimination or reduction of inflammation is a central focus for clinicians treating the condition.
Oily or dry skin
Peoeple with oily skin, dry skin or a combination oily/dry skin type may be affected by rosacea. However, patients who have oily skin around the nose may be at an increased risk for nose deformity or rhinophyma. Those with oily skin are also more prone to acne.
Individuals with rosacea and a dry and flaky skin need to keep their skin adequately moisturized with nonabrasive products that are designed for sensitive skin. This reduces inflammation and prevents irritation of the skin.
Individuals with oily skin need a cleansing routine that will prevent sebum or dirt accumalating and clogging pores and predisposing to acne.
Skin type I and II
Studies have shown that middle aged individuals with the top two most fair skin types (types I and II) are significantly more likely to develop the condition than their darker skinned counterparts. Individuals with the skin type I or II tend to have "pre-rosacea" skin, that is often predisposed to flushing and blushing and is often considered to be the rosacea skin type.
Reviewed by Sally Robertson, BSc