STD Diagnosis

Diagnosing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is of vital importance, not only so that treatment can be started early in order to prevent long-term complications but also to prevent transmission and protect communities. There is a wide array of tests available to check for the various organisms that cause STDs including trichomonas, Chlamydia, hepatitis, herpes, HIV and gonorrhoea, amongst others.

Diagnosis and routine screening to rule out STDs should be carried out under the following circumstances:

Presence of STD symptoms. These include:

  • discharge from the vagina or penis
  • itching
  • lesions (blisters, warts or chancre sores)
  • pain during urination or intercourse
  • recurrent infections and weight loss (seen in HIV infections)
  • jaundice (seen in hepatitis infections)
  • generalized symptoms such as fever and body ache

When a couple want to receive a clean bill of sexual health before engaging in sexual intercourse

When a woman is pregnant and needs screening to ensure no infection is passed onto the baby and to check the baby for infection if the mother is found to be infected.

When blood, blood products, organs and tissues are being used for donation

High risk groups such as drug abusers or commercial sex workers need monitoring for infection.

Diagnostic tests for STDs

Detailed history of sexual intercourse with individuals in the recent past, along with history of symptoms.

  • Blood tests for the detection of microbes
  • Urine samples for the presence of microbes
  • Discharge from genital sores, ulcers or from the vagina and penis are examined under the microscope for the presence of microbes

The Pap test is performed to screen all women for the abnormal structure of cervical cells. These can arise as a result of infection with certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Starting from the age of 21, all women should receive a Pap smear every three years.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Feb 27, 2019

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2019, February 27). STD Diagnosis. News-Medical. Retrieved on June 17, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/STD-Diagnosis.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "STD Diagnosis". News-Medical. 17 June 2019. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/STD-Diagnosis.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "STD Diagnosis". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/STD-Diagnosis.aspx. (accessed June 17, 2019).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2019. STD Diagnosis. News-Medical, viewed 17 June 2019, https://www.news-medical.net/health/STD-Diagnosis.aspx.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News-Medical.Net.
Post a new comment
Post
You might also like... ×
Condoms should not be reused warns CDC