What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH is also known simply as prostate enlargement. It is a common condition in men of older age, and occurs to some degree in 60% of men aged 60 years or older suffer from this condition.

Having prostate enlargement does not mean that the man is at risk of prostate cancer. Men with BPH are at no greater risk for prostate cancer than men without the condition.

The condition does not usually pose any particular problem to a man’s health. However, urinary symptoms may arise and these can range from mild and slightly uncomfortable to bothersome symptoms that severely impact on day-to-day living and quality of life. As the prostate gland grows, it may begin to press against the urethra and obstruct urinary flow. In addition, the enlarged gland can also place pressure on the bladder and the rectum.

Due to this pathology, several bothersome urinary symptoms that may arise include:

  • An urge to urinate but weak flow and stream of urine.
  • Difficulty in starting urination and also stopping once it has started
  • A frequent urge to urinate, especially at night
  • A fsensation that the bladder is not empty despite urination  

Treatment usually involves the administration of drugs that shrink the prostate followed by a procedure called transurethral resection of the prostate or TURP. TURP is a minimally invasive procedure for the removal of excess prostate tissue. However, in mild BPH, cases no treatment may be required.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Jan 3, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, January 03). What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?. News-Medical. Retrieved on July 13, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?". News-Medical. 13 July 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia.aspx. (accessed July 13, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?. News-Medical, viewed 13 July 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia.aspx.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
New cancer projections show increased prostate cases by 25% in 2050, despite prevention efforts