Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Feature Writer

MD

Clinical Pharmacologist

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a medical doctor, having achieved her MBBS degree in 2002 from Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital, followed by an MD in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics from The Institute of Post graduate Medical Education and Research, West Bengal.

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At present she works as an Associate Professor at a Government Medical College in West Bengal, teaching Pharmacology to second year MBBS students and also post-graduate students pursuing an MD.

Dr. Mandal has been writing research articles and synopses of complex studies for many years, making things easier and simpler for students and other academic professionals to understand.

Dr. Mandal is passionate about bringing health science to people from non-science backgrounds and has been writing health and drug-related articles for the general public for over a decade.

She is a consultant for most of her colleagues and friends, not only when it comes to health and wellness issues but also about medications, and possible drug-drug and drug-food interactions. Dr. Mandal is a passionate advocate of good newborn care, breastfeeding, child rearing practices and hopes to reach out to new mothers in remote locations with little access to good healthcare, dispelling myths and superstitions.

Dr. Mandal also works as a medical writer for the pharmaceutical industry, preparing scientific and authentic drug promotional literature. She prepares study material for practitioners for CMEs, focussing on rational drug prescribing and therapeutics. In this capacity, she has worked with some of the world’s leading pharmaceutical establishments, writing on newly launched drugs, vaccines and drug combinations.

Dr. Mandal is the co-ordinator for the Adverse Drug Reaction Monitoring Centre (AMC) for her college. She and her team routinely visit the different wards and out-patient departments, gathering information on side effects and therapeutic misadventures and reporting them to the central department of Pharmacovigilance under the National Pharmacovigilance Programme (PvPI).

From the centre in New Delhi, these reports are directly sent to Uppsala, Sweden, to their databases. She feels passionately about constant vigilance regarding new and serious adverse events related to medication use.

She has experience with drug prescribing challenges in children and in the elderly population and has several research activities and publications related to rational drug prescribing even in the remotest of health centres of her region.

Another area of Ananya’s work includes the advancement of Medical education technology among existing medical teachers. She is the Joint co-ordinator of the Medical Education Unit (MEU) of her college and routinely hosts workshops and speaks at training sessions, panel discussions and symposiums for her colleagues and fellow teachers.

At these events, delegates discuss the implementation of new and more advanced methods of effective medical education. She has published numerousresearch papers and has several ongoing research activities related to medical education and its challenges in today’s society.

One of her key areas of interest is the development of effective ethical and communication skills among medical students. She believes in effective ethical practice and communication with the patients to be the foundation for good clinical practice. Here, she focuses on methods of communication of various health and drug related issues to the general public by fresh medical graduates to minimize doctor-patient conflicts and to improve therapeutic outcomes and satisfaction.

Dr. Mandal's continued attachment to the online platforms where she writes, is an attempt to make correct medical information accessible to the general public. She believes in patient education and awareness and preventive medicine along with rational therapeutics and hopes to fulfill her role as an educator and teacher as well as a Clinical Pharmacologist.

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Articles from Ananya

Marijuana use increases false memories finds study

Marijuana use increases false memories finds study

Metformin could help leaky gut

Metformin could help leaky gut

Coronavirus could have spread to humans from bats via pangolins

Coronavirus could have spread to humans from bats via pangolins

Discovery of potential cause of age-related macular degeneration

Discovery of potential cause of age-related macular degeneration

Viagra may cause long lasting visual disturbances finds study

Viagra may cause long lasting visual disturbances finds study

"State of the Nation" report on STIs in England released

"State of the Nation" report on STIs in England released

Cancer cases to rise by 60% globally

Cancer cases to rise by 60% globally

The fourth of February 2020 was observed as the twentieth World Cancer day and the World Health Organization (WHO) has outlined some steps to prevent this dreaded condition.

From the WHO and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)

The WHO and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) released two reports on current status of cancer and prevention strategies on that day.

World Health Organization - Report on Cancer: Setting priorities, investing wisely and providing care for all

International Agency for Research on Cancer - World Cancer Report “Cancer research for cancer prevention”

The WHO guidelines also state that cancer services in the low and middle income countries need to be accelerated and stepped up in order to meet the growing demands of cancer care across the world. The statistics reveal that over the next two decades there would be a 60 percent rise in number of cancer cases if the current trends do not change for the better. The numbers also state that there would be an 81 percent rise in the new cases from the low and middle income countries and in these nations there would be lowest survival. Poor and inadequate health resources are to be blamed says the health organization. The WHO added that most of the country’s resources are being spent on controlling infectious diseases and preventing maternal and infant deaths at present. More needs to be focussed on cancer detection and treatment to bring down the numbers. Comparing the numbers between high and low/middle income countries, the WHO reports that over 90 percent of the former have comprehensive cancer care while less than 15 percent can provide same care in the latter.

According to Dr Ren Minghui, Assistant Director-General, Universal Health Coverage/ Communicable and Noncommunicable Diseases, World Health Organization, “This is a wake-up call to all of us to tackle the unacceptable inequalities between cancer services in rich and poor countries. If people have access to primary care and referral systems then cancer can be detected early, treated effectively and cured. Cancer should not be a death sentence for anyone, anywhere.”

Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General, WHO said in a statement, “At least 7 million lives could be saved over the next decade, by identifying the most appropriate science for each country situation, by basing strong cancer responses on universal health coverage, and by mobilizing different stakeholders to work together.”

The WHO guidelines warn about preventable causes of cancers such as tobacco use, hepatitis B and C and HPV infections as well as other infections that can raise risk of cancers. The report says the vaccinating and adequate treatment as well as screening could help prevent these cancers.

Dr Elisabete Weiderpass, Director of IARC said in a statement, “The past 50 years have seen tremendous advances in research on cancer prevention and treatment, deaths from cancer have been reduced. High-income countries have adopted prevention, early diagnosis and screening programmes, which together with better treatment, have contributed to an estimated 20% reduction in the probability of premature mortality between 2000 and 2015, but low-income countries only saw a reduction of 5%.

We need to see everyone benefitting equally.” She added, “Each government is tasked with choosing the appropriate innovative cancer therapies while recognizing that established treatments, many of which are very effective and affordable, can provide benefits for cancer without causing financial hardship.”

From the American Cancer Society

According to the American Cancer Society, there has been a decline in the number of deaths due to cancer in the United States. The organization reports that the decline in the deaths due to cancer was 29 percent between 1991 and 2017 translating into 2.9 millions saved lives.

The ACS says that the cancers that have been prevented include lung cancers, colorectal cancers, breast and prostate cancers. These could be due to adequate screening, detection and comprehensive treatment of these cancers, says the organization.

From the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)

The Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) released a survey report on perceptions of the public regarding cancer among the general public on the 4th of this month to observe Cancer Day.

This survey by the Ipsos involved over 15,000 people from 20 different countries between 25th October and 25th November 2019. Results of the survey revealed that cancer still remains a menace for populations of low socioeconomic status and low educational status. For those of the lower socioeconomic status the changes in lifestyle to prevent cancer were still rare, the survey noted. They noted that 87 percent knew about the risk factors for cancer and of these tobacco, sun light’s UV exposure and second-hand tobacco smoke were the common risk factors cited by over half the participants. Only one third knew about the risk of obesity, lack of exercise and viruses in causing cancers.

Cary Adams, MBA, chief executive officer of the UICC, in a statement said, “It is unacceptable that millions of people have a greater chance of developing cancer in their lifetime because they are simply not aware of the cancer risks to avoid and the healthy behaviors to adopt ― information that many of us take for granted. And this is true around the world.”

Sonali Johnson, head of knowledge, advocacy, and policy at the UICC, in Geneva, Switzerland said in a statement, “Much more must be done to ensure that everyone has an equal chance to reduce their risk of preventable cancer”. She added, “We've seen in the results that those surveyed with a lower education and those on lower incomes appear less aware of the main risk factors associated with cancer and thus are less likely to proactively take the steps needed to reduce their cancer risk as compared to those from a high income household or those with a university education.”

Coronavirus: CT scans of chest could help in early diagnosis

Coronavirus: CT scans of chest could help in early diagnosis

Improved breast reconstruction

Improved breast reconstruction

Public speakers often mistaken about efficacy of drugs due to conflicts of interest

Public speakers often mistaken about efficacy of drugs due to conflicts of interest