Rabbit anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin
Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
This leaflet answers some common questions about Thymoglobuline.
It does not contain all the available information.
It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking
Thymoglobuline against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
If you have any concerns about this medicine, ask your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Keep this leaflet with the medicine.
You may need to read it again.
What Thymoglobuline is used for
You have been given a new transplanted kidney from another person because your own
was no longer healthy. Your body recognises that this new organ is different from
your organs and will try to reject it by attacking it in the same way it would attack
germs that enter your body. This could make you ill again. The name of your medicine
is Thymoglobuline. It belongs to a group of medicines called immunosuppressants (anti-rejection
medicines). These medicines suppress your immune system and can help prevent your
body from rejecting the transplanted kidney.
Thymoglobuline is also used to treat aplastic anaemia, which is a serious condition
in which your bone marrow can no longer produce enough blood cells.
Your doctor may have prescribed Thymoglobuline for another purpose.
How it works
Thymoglobuline works by lowering certain cells within your body's immune system which
are likely to attack your transplanted organ
Thymoglobuline works by lowering certain cells within your body's immune system, thus
giving your bone marrow a chance to produce blood cells.
Before you are given Thymoglobuline
When you must not be given it
Do not take Thymoglobuline if you have an allergy to:
any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing
swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
skin rash, itching, hives or redness of the skin
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
blood or bleeding problems not related to aplastic anaemia
lowered immunity due to diseases such as HIV / AIDS or cancer
active lung infections
high temperature (fever)
active skin allergies, including rash and eczema
other active skin problems, including recurring boils
prolonged diarrhoea or vomiting
If you have not already told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before
you take Thymoglobuline.
Do not have Thymoglobuline if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
Thymoglobuline is not recommended for use during pregnancy.
Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.
It is not known whether Thymoglobuline passes into breast milk. Breastfeeding is not
recommended whilst receiving Thymoglobuline treatment.
Do not have Thymoglobuline after the expiry date printed on the pack.
Do not have Thymoglobuline if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
If you are not sure whether you should have Thymoglobuline, talk to your doctor or
Before you are given it
Tell your doctor if you have reacted to previous infusions with any of the following:
life-threatening allergic reaction
swelling of the throat
fainting or collapse
shock-like state or being unresponsive for a long period of time
fits or convulsions
high temperature (greater than 40°C)
severe skin reaction at the infusion site, including severe bruising
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal
supplements and vitamins and any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy,
supermarket or health food shop.
This is because some medicines can affect the way Thymoglobuline works or Thymoglobuline
can affect how other medicines work. These include medicines which suppress your body’s
immune system (immunosuppressants), such as: cyclosporin, tacrolimus, mycophenolate
mofetil, azathioprine, corticosteroids. Taking these medicines in combination with
Thymoglobuline may increase the risk of over-suppressing your body's immune system.
You may need different amounts of these medicines, or you may need to take different
medicines. Your doctor will determine which medicines and calculate the doses most
suitable for you. You may receive some of the medicines in the list above as part
of your ongoing treatment after your kidney transplant (see section Additional Medications
Talk to your doctor before getting vaccinations while you are receiving Thymoglobuline
How Thymoglobuline is given
Thymoglobuline will be given by a drip directly into one of your veins (intravenous
infusion) in hospital by a doctor or nurse. The infusion will last about 6 hours for
the first dose and 4 hours for doses after that.
How much is given
Organ Transplant: The amount of Thymoglobuline you receive will depend upon the organ
which you have received, your weight and whether you are taking other immunosuppressant
medicines. Your doctor will calculate the dose which is most suitable for you.
Aplastic Anaemia: The amount of Thymoglobuline you receive will depend upon your weight
and other medication which you may be taking for your condition. Your doctor will
calculate the dose which is most suitable for you.
When it is given
Thymoglobuline will be given as an intravenous infusion
to prevent kidney transplant rejection: for 3 to 9 days after transplantation
to treat kidney transplant rejection: for 7 to 14 days after transplantation
Thymoglobuline will be given as an intravenous infusion every day for 5 days to treat
As part of your treatment, after kidney transplantation your doctor will usually give
you other medicines in addition to Thymoglobuline. These medicines (immunosuppressants)
also reduce your body's immune system response to the transplanted organ. These medicines
may include some of the following: cyclosporine, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil,
azathioprine and corticosteroids.
Approximately an hour before you receive Thymoglobuline, you may be given the following
medications to reduce your chances of developing certain adverse reactions to Thymoglobuline:
antipyreytic (anti-fever) medicine
If you receive too much (overdose)
As Thymoglobuline is given to you under the supervision of your doctor, it is very
unlikely that you will receive too much. However, if you experience any unexpected
or worrying side effects after being given Thymoglobuline, immediately telephone your
doctor, or the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26 or go to the Accident and Emergency
Department at your nearest hospital.
While you are being treated with Thymoglobuline
Things you must do
Keep follow-up appointments with your doctor or clinic.
Have any blood tests when your doctor says to.
Your doctor may wish to test your body’s response to Thymoglobuline to make sure that
the medicine is working properly.
Tell all the doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are being
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, tell your doctor and pharmacist
that you are being given Thymoglobuline.
Things to be careful of
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how Thymoglobuline affects
Thymoglobuline should not normally interfere with your ability to drive or operate
machinery but make sure you know how Thymoglobuline affects you before you drive a
car, operate machinery or do anything that may be dangerous if you are dizzy, light
headed, tired or drowsy.
Thymoglobuline helps most people who have undergone a kidney transplant or have aplastic
anaemia, but it may have unwanted side effects in some people.
All medicines have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most
of the time they are not. Your doctor or pharmacist has weighed the risks of using
this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
Tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well
while you are being given Thymoglobuline.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and
Emergency at your nearest hospital:
shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing
swelling of the face, lips tongue or other parts of the body
local reaction around the infusion site such as redness, itchiness, tenderness, pain
or discomfort, warmth, burning or stinging, swelling or the formation of hard lumps
These are very serious side effects. If you have them, you may have had a serious
allergic reaction to Thymoglobuline. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.
Thymoglobuline may cause a temporary lowering of your infection-fighting white blood
cells, which may make you more prone to catching infections. This may result in fever,
chills, sore throat or mouth ulcers. Thymoglobuline may also cause a temporary lowering
of your platelets which may make you more prone to blood clotting problems. This may
cause you to bleed and bruise more easily.
Tell your doctor or nurse if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
generally feeling unwell
soreness, aching muscles, muscle tenderness or weakness (not caused by exercise) nausea
fevers, rigors and or chills
Tell your doctor or nurse as soon as possible if you notice any of the following:
flushing or redness of the skin
high blood pressure
Sometimes the effects of Thymoglobuline may not occur until months after it is used.
These delayed effects may include an increased risk of infections.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients. Tell your doctor
or nurse if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.
After using Thymoglobuline
Thymoglobuline is stored in the pharmacy or on the hospital ward and kept in the refrigerator,
between 2°C and 8°C.
Thymoglobuline should not be frozen.
What Thymoglobuline looks like
Thymoglobuline is a creamy white freeze dried powder supplied in a 10 ml glass vial.
AUST R 139787
Rabbit anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin 5 mg/mL.
In Australia this product is registered by:
sanofi-aventis australia pty ltd
12-24 Talavera Road
Macquarie Park, NSW 2113
Toll Free Number:
1800 818 806
This leaflet was prepared in August 2019