Hysterectomy Techniques

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

A hysterectomy procedure can be performed in various different ways.

Some of the main techniques include:

  • The abdominal incision technique, which involves removal of the womb through the abdomen.
  • The vaginal hysterectomy, which involves removal of the womb through the vaginal canal.
  • Laparoscopic vaginal hysterectomy, which is similar to the above but involves the use of laparoscopic instruments to carry out more complicated surgery.

For the abdominal hysterectomy, a transverse incision is made through the abdominal wall, above the pubic bone. The incision is around the size of that made for a caesarean section. This technique allows excellent access to the reproductive structures and is usually the chosen procedure when the entire reproductive system is due to be removed. An abdominal hysterectomy can take 4 to 6 weeks to recover from because the wound in the abdominal wall can take this long to heal.

In vaginal hysterectomy, the entire procedure is performed through the vaginal canal and the uterus is removed through an incision made in the upper end of the passage. This offers obvious advantages over the open surgery procedure described above, such as fewer associated risks and complications, lower infection rate, shorter hospital stay and shorter healing time.

Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy refers to an approach which involves making small incisions in the abdomen, through which laparoscopic instruments can be inserted to view the internal organs. This is also referred to as key-hole surgery or minimally invasive surgery, due to the small incision size and low risk of operative injury. And faster post-operative recovery compared with the abdominal procedure. Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy also enables surgeons to perform more detailed exploration and more complicated surgeries than the vaginal hysterectomy does. The procedure begins with laparoscopic processes and ends with the removal of the uterus via the vaginal canal. A more recent approach is laparoscopic-assisted supracervical hysterectomy (LASH), which uses a morcellator to cut the uterus into fragments that can then be removed through laparoscopic ports made in the abdomen. This enables the uterus to be removed from the body, without having to also remove the cervix.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Jul 14, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, July 14). Hysterectomy Techniques. News-Medical. Retrieved on March 02, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Hysterectomy-Techniques.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Hysterectomy Techniques". News-Medical. 02 March 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/Hysterectomy-Techniques.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Hysterectomy Techniques". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Hysterectomy-Techniques.aspx. (accessed March 02, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. Hysterectomy Techniques. News-Medical, viewed 02 March 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Hysterectomy-Techniques.aspx.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment
You might also like...
Managing menopause: The 2023 toolkit for healthcare practitioners