Amrubicin promise for etoposide-naïve SCLC patients

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

By Lynda Williams, Senior medwireNews Reporter

Patients with chemotherapy-refractory small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) may benefit from treatment with the topoisomerase II inhibitor amrubicin, research from Japan suggests.

The 82 patients enrolled in the open-label, single-arm Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study JCOG0901 trial received amrubicin 40 mg/m2 for 3 days on a 21-day cycle, for a median of four cycles. All patients had already experienced no response, or progression, following treatment with at least one platinum-based regimen, with 51.2% previously treated with etoposide and 57.3% with irinotecan.

The overall response rate, defined as an independently assessed complete or partial response, was highly significant, at 32.9%, compared with a null hypothesis threshold of 10.0% or below. Median progression-free survival was 3.5 months and overall survival was 8.9 months, with over a third (35.7%) of patients alive 1 year later.

And amrubicin showed particular promise for patients who had not previously received etoposide, another type of topoisomere II inhibitor, say Haruyasu Murakami (Shizuoka Cancer Center) and colleagues.

Etoposide-naïve patients achieved an objective response rate of 45.0%, compared with 21.4% for those previously treated with the agent, a significant difference.

Both median progression-free survival and overall survival were also significantly higher in etoposide-naïve than pretreated patients, at 5.1 versus 2.9 months and 13.1 versus 7.9 months, respectively.

The reduced benefit of amrubicin found in patients previously treated with etoposide may be due to downregulation of topoisomerase II following the initial treatment, Murakami et al suggest in Lung Cancer.

Haematological toxicities were common, with 93.9% of patients developing grade 3 or 4 neutropaenia, 85.4% leukopaenia, 25.6% anaemia and 26.8% developing febrile neutropaenia.

But there was no evidence of cardiotoxicity associated with amrubicin treatment and other nonhaematological side effects were mild.

“On the basis of these results, we conclude that [amrubicin] monotherapy is suitable as an effective and safe treatment option for refractory SCLC”, the team concludes.

Licensed from medwireNews with permission from Springer Healthcare Ltd. ©Springer Healthcare Ltd. All rights reserved. Neither of these parties endorse or recommend any commercial products, services, or equipment.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Study highlights how age affects nasal cell response to SARS-CoV-2