Obesity increases the risk of developing more than a dozen types of cancer. A new study from the University of Bergen (UiB) in Norway can now answer why this is.
Cancer is caused by genetic changes that break down normal constraints on cell growth. It is known that obesity and overweight increases the risk of developing cancer, but the question until now has been why? Now, researchers at University of Bergen have demonstrated that lipids associated with obesity make cancer cells more aggressive and likely to form actual tumors.
The researchers have discovered that the changed environment surrounding the cancerous cell, from a normal weight body to an overweight or obese body, pushes the cancer cell to adapt. This allows the malignant cells to form a tumor
Even in the absence of new gene mutations, obesity increases the risk that tumors will form."
Nils Halberg, associate professor
Obesity is the cause of approximately 500000 new cancer cases each year - a number that is expected to grow as obesity rates continues to increase.
"To scientifically dissect how these two complicated diseases interact has been extremely interesting and rewarding. Especially as this new understanding will enable researchers to design improved treatments for obese cancer patients", Halberg adds.
Liu, X-Z., et al. (2022) C/EBPB-dependent adaptation to palmitic acid promotes tumor formation in hormone receptor negative breast cancer. Nature Communications. doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-27734-2.