CPAP therapy may not reduce heart risks in sleep apnea patients with coronary artery disease

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Announcing a new article publication for Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications journal.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and it is a strong predictor of subsequent cardiovascular events. However, whether treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can decrease this risk remains controversial.

PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and were systematically searched to identify randomized clinical trials reporting cardiovascular events from database inception to February 12, 2022.

Four trials with 3043 participants were included. The median follow-up duration ranged from 3 to 4.75 years. Compared with usual care alone, CPAP was not associated with decreased MACCE risk (RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.77-1.21, P = 0.75), and the results were consistent regardless of CPAP adherence (≥4 hours/night vs. <4 hours/night, RR 0.48, 95% CI 0.20-1.16). Similarly, no significant differences were observed between groups in the risks of all-cause death (RR 0.81, 95% CI 0.52-1.26), cardiovascular death (RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.36-1.33), myocardial infarction (RR 1.08, 95% CI 0.73-1.60), revascularization (RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.77-1.38), and cerebrovascular events (RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.23-2.61).
Existing evidence does not support an association between CPAP treatment and decreased risk of recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with CAD and OSA, regardless of adherence to CPAP.

Journal reference:

Guo, R., et al. (2024). Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy and Long-Term Outcomes in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications.


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