Chromosome

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
What is a Chromosome?

Chromosomes are the basic building blocks of life where the entire genome of an organism is essentially organized and stored in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is present inside every cell making up that organism. A chromosome is a single chain of DNA that is coiled and super coiled to form dense thread-like pieces. The term chromosome is derived from the Greek words "chroma" or color and "some" or body and is so named because chromosomes have the ability to be stained with dyes.

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Latest Chromosome News and Research

COVID-19 studies should provide sex-disaggregated data, researchers warn

COVID-19 studies should provide sex-disaggregated data, researchers warn

Neanderthal-derived genetic locus influences COVID-19 severity in humans

Neanderthal-derived genetic locus influences COVID-19 severity in humans

Molecular biologists elucidate the key role of motor proteins in cell division

Molecular biologists elucidate the key role of motor proteins in cell division

Researchers find new insight on the link between a gene and congenital heart disease

Researchers find new insight on the link between a gene and congenital heart disease

Gene offers some level of protection from severe Covid

Gene offers some level of protection from severe Covid

Study brings to light the role of a cellular protein in COVID-19 infections

Study brings to light the role of a cellular protein in COVID-19 infections

Study identifies new genetic variants that cause developmental disorders in children

Study identifies new genetic variants that cause developmental disorders in children

Nanopore sequencing contradicts human genome integration of SARS-CoV-2

Nanopore sequencing contradicts human genome integration of SARS-CoV-2

Research offers new hope for people affected by the microdeletion of chromosome 22

Research offers new hope for people affected by the microdeletion of chromosome 22

UCL researchers measure mass of human chromosomes with X-rays for the first time

UCL researchers measure mass of human chromosomes with X-rays for the first time

Could a mathematical application of information theory identify and predict SARS-CoV-2 mutations?

Could a mathematical application of information theory identify and predict SARS-CoV-2 mutations?

Kinase inhibitors could provide an effective way to treat high-risk leukaemia

Kinase inhibitors could provide an effective way to treat high-risk leukaemia

Scientists develop new resources to combat cancer, advance cutting-edge genomics research

Scientists develop new resources to combat cancer, advance cutting-edge genomics research

Specific enzymes protect the human skin and body from microbes, viruses

Specific enzymes protect the human skin and body from microbes, viruses

Novel 'CopyCatcher' detects when precise copying of genetic information takes place in cells

Novel 'CopyCatcher' detects when precise copying of genetic information takes place in cells

Severe COVID-19 linked to genetic clotting predisposition

Severe COVID-19 linked to genetic clotting predisposition

Machine learning approach helps study human hypothalamus at the single-cell level

Machine learning approach helps study human hypothalamus at the single-cell level

Researchers study how cancer cells re-organize 3D structure of DNA to ramp up oncogene activity

Researchers study how cancer cells re-organize 3D structure of DNA to ramp up oncogene activity

New method shows that tau forms small aggregates as part of the body's normal physiology

New method shows that tau forms small aggregates as part of the body's normal physiology

Researchers report rare case of cardiac arrhythmias in a neonate with Turner syndrome

Researchers report rare case of cardiac arrhythmias in a neonate with Turner syndrome