Chromosome

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
What is a Chromosome?

Chromosomes are the basic building blocks of life where the entire genome of an organism is essentially organized and stored in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is present inside every cell making up that organism. A chromosome is a single chain of DNA that is coiled and super coiled to form dense thread-like pieces. The term chromosome is derived from the Greek words "chroma" or color and "some" or body and is so named because chromosomes have the ability to be stained with dyes.

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Latest Chromosome News and Research

Ginseng genome unlocks secrets of medicinal benefits

Ginseng genome unlocks secrets of medicinal benefits

Breakthrough gene therapy offers hope for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Breakthrough gene therapy offers hope for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Unveiling late-onset combined immunodeficiency in patients with 18q del syndrome

Unveiling late-onset combined immunodeficiency in patients with 18q del syndrome

Aging aggravates liver fibrosis in Down Syndrome, new study finds

Aging aggravates liver fibrosis in Down Syndrome, new study finds

Experts identify sex and gender differences in cognitive resistance and resilience to Alzheimer's disease

Experts identify sex and gender differences in cognitive resistance and resilience to Alzheimer's disease

Discovery of TRPC5 gene's role in obesity and postnatal depression offers hope for new treatments

Discovery of TRPC5 gene's role in obesity and postnatal depression offers hope for new treatments

Machine learning identifies cancer-driving mutations at CTCF binding sites

Machine learning identifies cancer-driving mutations at CTCF binding sites

Experts produce consensus statement on sex and gender disparities in resilience to Alzheimer's

Experts produce consensus statement on sex and gender disparities in resilience to Alzheimer's

Research reveals how motorized processes shape chromosome structure development

Research reveals how motorized processes shape chromosome structure development

Gene discovery points to oxytocin for depression

Gene discovery points to oxytocin for depression

Fibrinogen-like protein 1 plays dual role in liver regeneration and hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence

Fibrinogen-like protein 1 plays dual role in liver regeneration and hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence

Neanderthal child with Down syndrome reveals ancient caregiving practices

Neanderthal child with Down syndrome reveals ancient caregiving practices

New study reveals rare genetic variants significantly increase atrial fibrillation risk

New study reveals rare genetic variants significantly increase atrial fibrillation risk

Study uncovers role of Y chromosome loss in transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis

Study uncovers role of Y chromosome loss in transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis

Decoding broccoli’s genome: Advances in glucosinolate biosynthesis and health benefits

Decoding broccoli’s genome: Advances in glucosinolate biosynthesis and health benefits

Study reveals genetic associations between coffee and harmful health outcomes such as obesity and substance use

Study reveals genetic associations between coffee and harmful health outcomes such as obesity and substance use

Study reveals overactive PKA protein as driver of fibrolamellar carcinoma

Study reveals overactive PKA protein as driver of fibrolamellar carcinoma

The hidden genetic switches influencing human height and bone health

The hidden genetic switches influencing human height and bone health

Study identifies genetic predictors of X chromosome loss in aging women

Study identifies genetic predictors of X chromosome loss in aging women

Genetic discovery reveals key to inflammatory diseases

Genetic discovery reveals key to inflammatory diseases

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