Chromosome

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
What is a Chromosome?

Chromosomes are the basic building blocks of life where the entire genome of an organism is essentially organized and stored in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is present inside every cell making up that organism. A chromosome is a single chain of DNA that is coiled and super coiled to form dense thread-like pieces. The term chromosome is derived from the Greek words "chroma" or color and "some" or body and is so named because chromosomes have the ability to be stained with dyes.

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Latest Chromosome News and Research

New genomic method helps obtain high-resolution maps of DNA in the cell nucleus

New genomic method helps obtain high-resolution maps of DNA in the cell nucleus

Researchers recombine entire chromosomes with CRISPR/Cas technology

Researchers recombine entire chromosomes with CRISPR/Cas technology

Study uncovers the role of DNA repair in preserving egg quality

Study uncovers the role of DNA repair in preserving egg quality

Novel biomarkers linked to improved outcomes with immunotherapy in metastatic breast cancer

Novel biomarkers linked to improved outcomes with immunotherapy in metastatic breast cancer

Research demonstrates self-synthesis and assembly of 30S subunit of ribosome

Research demonstrates self-synthesis and assembly of 30S subunit of ribosome

DZD researchers discover additional genetic cause for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

DZD researchers discover additional genetic cause for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Gene variants can increase risk of schizophrenia, shows study

Gene variants can increase risk of schizophrenia, shows study

Takeda to present oncology pipeline data at upcoming virtual scientific congresses

Takeda to present oncology pipeline data at upcoming virtual scientific congresses

Variations in genome’s 'dark matter' region can make patients susceptible to inflammatory diseases

Variations in genome’s 'dark matter' region can make patients susceptible to inflammatory diseases

Researchers use “gene drive” technology to eliminate malaria mosquitoes in lab experiments

Researchers use “gene drive” technology to eliminate malaria mosquitoes in lab experiments

Scientists uncover important functions of a special protein during cell division

Scientists uncover important functions of a special protein during cell division

Woman's genetic make-up may play a role in weight gain from birth control

Woman's genetic make-up may play a role in weight gain from birth control

Study: Recombination is crucial for proper segregation of chromosomes into germs cells

Study: Recombination is crucial for proper segregation of chromosomes into germs cells

Harmful effects of BPA can be reversed by administering coenzyme Q10

Harmful effects of BPA can be reversed by administering coenzyme Q10

Study provides more insight into the initiation and progression of human cancers

Study provides more insight into the initiation and progression of human cancers

COVID-19 infection risk and outcomes explained by the cell receptor genetic variability

COVID-19 infection risk and outcomes explained by the cell receptor genetic variability

New therapeutic possibilities for treating intellectual disability in Down syndrome

New therapeutic possibilities for treating intellectual disability in Down syndrome

Researchers describe an underlying biological basis for mylagic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome

Researchers describe an underlying biological basis for mylagic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome

New study indicates novel therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

New study indicates novel therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Bayreuth researchers discover natural protective mechanism against cancer

Bayreuth researchers discover natural protective mechanism against cancer