Chromosome

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
What is a Chromosome?

Chromosomes are the basic building blocks of life where the entire genome of an organism is essentially organized and stored in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is present inside every cell making up that organism. A chromosome is a single chain of DNA that is coiled and super coiled to form dense thread-like pieces. The term chromosome is derived from the Greek words "chroma" or color and "some" or body and is so named because chromosomes have the ability to be stained with dyes.

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Latest Chromosome News and Research

Researchers identify first known patients with BUB1 biallelic mutations

Researchers identify first known patients with BUB1 biallelic mutations

New method reverses insecticide resistance using CRISPR/Cas9 technology

New method reverses insecticide resistance using CRISPR/Cas9 technology

New pathways responsible for hepatocellular carcinoma identified

New pathways responsible for hepatocellular carcinoma identified

Overall survival rate has nearly doubled for Ph+ ALL patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplant

Overall survival rate has nearly doubled for Ph+ ALL patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplant

Scientists discover a division of labor between genetic switches

Scientists discover a division of labor between genetic switches

Deletion of autism-linked gene diminishes myelin in mice

Deletion of autism-linked gene diminishes myelin in mice

Study reveals chromosome-level changes that relate to drug resistance in melanoma

Study reveals chromosome-level changes that relate to drug resistance in melanoma

Correlation between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and COVID-19

Correlation between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and COVID-19

Drug combination without chemotherapy can be effective in treating older patients with Ph+ ALL

Drug combination without chemotherapy can be effective in treating older patients with Ph+ ALL

SARS-CoV-2 Delta saliva viral load 15 times that of the wild type

SARS-CoV-2 Delta saliva viral load 15 times that of the wild type

Researchers use gene-editing to create single sex mice litters

Researchers use gene-editing to create single sex mice litters

Mutations in a crucial gene responsible for chemotherapy failure in some blood cancer patients

Mutations in a crucial gene responsible for chemotherapy failure in some blood cancer patients

Telomeric DNA damage response may increase susceptibility of elderly people to COVID-19

Telomeric DNA damage response may increase susceptibility of elderly people to COVID-19

Non-coding RNA plays a key role in regulating behavior of chromosome loops and gene expression

Non-coding RNA plays a key role in regulating behavior of chromosome loops and gene expression

Researchers dissect the shared genetic architecture of suicide attempts and psychiatric disorders

Researchers dissect the shared genetic architecture of suicide attempts and psychiatric disorders

Study uncovers important genetic predispositions for acute myeloid leukemia

Study uncovers important genetic predispositions for acute myeloid leukemia

What does the future look like for bleeding disorders?

What does the future look like for bleeding disorders?

Bioinformatics analysis identifies pathways involved in intestinal SARS-CoV-2 infection

Bioinformatics analysis identifies pathways involved in intestinal SARS-CoV-2 infection

Study explores connections between COVID-19 severity and gene expression in immune cells

Study explores connections between COVID-19 severity and gene expression in immune cells

New study uncovers a mechanism of sleep in zebrafish

New study uncovers a mechanism of sleep in zebrafish