Chromosome

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
What is a Chromosome?

Chromosomes are the basic building blocks of life where the entire genome of an organism is essentially organized and stored in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is present inside every cell making up that organism. A chromosome is a single chain of DNA that is coiled and super coiled to form dense thread-like pieces. The term chromosome is derived from the Greek words "chroma" or color and "some" or body and is so named because chromosomes have the ability to be stained with dyes.

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Latest Chromosome News and Research

Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 individuals with blood group AB at highest risk

Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 individuals with blood group AB at highest risk

Full assembly of human chromosome 8 reveals novel genes, disease risks

Full assembly of human chromosome 8 reveals novel genes, disease risks

Mother's stress levels during conception could be a determinant of fetal sex

Mother's stress levels during conception could be a determinant of fetal sex

New genetic link to male infertility found

New genetic link to male infertility found

SwRI researchers part of two collaborative teams receive SAMF bioscience grants

SwRI researchers part of two collaborative teams receive SAMF bioscience grants

Rare genetic variant may explain severe COVID-19 in young healthy male patients

Rare genetic variant may explain severe COVID-19 in young healthy male patients

New approach can help identify patients at risk for esophageal cancer

New approach can help identify patients at risk for esophageal cancer

New method for scDNA sequencing provides insights into breast cancer evolution

New method for scDNA sequencing provides insights into breast cancer evolution

Study reveals a genetic variant linked to COVID-19 severity in young men

Study reveals a genetic variant linked to COVID-19 severity in young men

New technique may result in earlier and easier identification of patients with Barrett's esophagus

New technique may result in earlier and easier identification of patients with Barrett's esophagus

Male fertility and androgen production may be impacted by COVID-19

Male fertility and androgen production may be impacted by COVID-19

Insights into elusive protein complex can help find novel treatments for chromosomal disorders

Insights into elusive protein complex can help find novel treatments for chromosomal disorders

UVA researcher developing innovative gene therapy to help children with Rett syndrome

UVA researcher developing innovative gene therapy to help children with Rett syndrome

Chromatin-regulating enzyme found to be a key driver of common lung cancer

Chromatin-regulating enzyme found to be a key driver of common lung cancer

MGH researchers uncover new clues about X chromosome inactivation

MGH researchers uncover new clues about X chromosome inactivation

Novel computer-guided design tool helps increase the efficiency of cell conversions

Novel computer-guided design tool helps increase the efficiency of cell conversions

VEXAS syndrome in men is more common than previously thought

VEXAS syndrome in men is more common than previously thought

Genetics can partly explain aggressive behavior in children with ADHD with DBDs

Genetics can partly explain aggressive behavior in children with ADHD with DBDs

Whole genome sequencing may guide blood cancer treatment

Whole genome sequencing may guide blood cancer treatment

Researchers identify human BCAS3 and C16orf70 as novel autophagic proteins

Researchers identify human BCAS3 and C16orf70 as novel autophagic proteins