Chromosome

What is a Chromosome?

Chromosomes are the basic building blocks of life where the entire genome of an organism is essentially organized and stored in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which is present inside every cell making up that organism. A chromosome is a single chain of DNA that is coiled and super coiled to form dense thread-like pieces. The term chromosome is derived from the Greek words "chroma" or color and "some" or body and is so named because chromosomes have the ability to be stained with dyes.

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Latest Chromosome News and Research

Language may be a promising biomarker for progression of Hungtinton's disease

Language may be a promising biomarker for progression of Hungtinton's disease

Single gene cluster loss promotes initiation and progression of multiple myeloma in mice

Single gene cluster loss promotes initiation and progression of multiple myeloma in mice

New C. elegans model will accelerate study of a rare disease

New C. elegans model will accelerate study of a rare disease

New technique can label diverse molecules in a single tissue sample

New technique can label diverse molecules in a single tissue sample

Generating genomes and encoding new abilities into artificial DNA

Generating genomes and encoding new abilities into artificial DNA

Researchers identify key modifier in large genetic deletion linked to neurodevelopmental disorders

Researchers identify key modifier in large genetic deletion linked to neurodevelopmental disorders

Scientists unravel mechanisms that lead to ventricular enlargement in schizophrenia

Scientists unravel mechanisms that lead to ventricular enlargement in schizophrenia

Minigenes produced by CRISPR combat liver disease in mice

Minigenes produced by CRISPR combat liver disease in mice

New study provides clear picture of brain abnormalities associated with schizophrenia

New study provides clear picture of brain abnormalities associated with schizophrenia

Major breakthrough in understanding how malaria parasite grows and multiplies

Major breakthrough in understanding how malaria parasite grows and multiplies

New mechanism for repair of chromosomal breaks

New mechanism for repair of chromosomal breaks

Growing eggs and sperm to treat infertility

Growing eggs and sperm to treat infertility

Discovery of potential cause of age-related macular degeneration

Discovery of potential cause of age-related macular degeneration

Research provides new insights into molecular basis of X-chromosome inactivation

Research provides new insights into molecular basis of X-chromosome inactivation

Natural antioxidant reverses reproductive harms caused by BPA exposure in worms

Natural antioxidant reverses reproductive harms caused by BPA exposure in worms

Researchers discover new mutational phenomenon chromothripsis in cancer

Researchers discover new mutational phenomenon chromothripsis in cancer

Cancer mutations may arise decades before diagnosis

Cancer mutations may arise decades before diagnosis

Developing tests for genetic signs could lead to earlier cancer detection

Developing tests for genetic signs could lead to earlier cancer detection

Coronavirus could spread explosively, tight control needed

Coronavirus could spread explosively, tight control needed

Daily alcohol consumption ages brain

Daily alcohol consumption ages brain