Idiopathic Juvenile Osteoporosis (IJO)

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

Idiopathic Juvenile Osteoporosis (IJO) is a primary condition of no known cause and is diagnosed after other causes of juvenile osteoporosis have been excluded , including primary diseases or medical therapies known to cause bone loss.

This rare form of osteoporosis typically occurs in previously healthy children just before the onset of puberty around 7 years of age with a range of 1 to 13 years and fortunately most children experience a complete recovery of bone.

The first sign of IJO is usually pain in the lower back, hips, and feet, often accompanied by difficulty walking and there may also be knee and ankle pain and fractures of the lower extremities. Physical malformations also may be present such as abnormal curvature of the upper spine (kyphosis), loss of height, a sunken chest, or a limp.

These physical malformations are sometimes reversible after the IJO has run its course and while there is no established medical or surgical therapy for juvenile osteoporosis, in some cases, there may be no need for treatment because the condition usually goes away spontaneously.

However, early diagnosis of juvenile osteoporosis is important so that steps can be taken to protect the child's spine and other bones from fracture until remission occurs. This may include physical therapy, using crutches, avoiding unsafe weight-bearing activities, and other supportive care.

A well-balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D is also important and in severe, long-lasting cases of juvenile osteoporosis, some medications called bisphosphonates, approved for the treatment of osteoporosis in adults, have been given to children experimentally.

Most children with IJO experience a complete recovery of bone tissue and although growth may be somewhat impaired during the acute phase of the disorder, normal growth resumes - and catch-up growth often occurs - afterward.

Unfortunately, in some cases, IJO can result in permanent disability such as curvature of the upper spine (kyphoscoliosis) or a collapse of the rib cage.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Feb 27, 2019


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Targeting Ctdnep1: A potential therapeutic approach to combat bone loss