Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease that causes a decrease in bone density and gives rise to weak, fragile bones that are prone to fracture. Most commonly, these fractures occur in the spine, wrist and hips when a person falls or bumps into something. If such an event triggers a visit to the doctor, a test of the bone mineral density called a DEXA scan may be performed and reveal osteoporosis.

The term osteoporosis refers to the porous (spongy) state of bone that eventually manifests as the bone’s ability to replenish itself declines over time. When individuals reach the age of around 40, the rate of bone breakdown starts to exceed the rate at which it is replaced, creating increasingly larger holes in the bone that make it less dense and more prone to fracture.

Some of the risk factors for osteoporosis such as gender, age and family history for the condition cannot be changed. However, factors such as diet and activity level can be improved to increase bone strength and individuals are advised to exercise regularly, eat a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, and quit any smoking or drinking habits.

Osteoporosis is currently thought to be affecting more than 200 million people worldwide but is most common among older, post-menopausal women who have reduced levels of estrogen, an important contributor to bone health.
Bone Disease

Bone disease is a condition that damages the skeleton and makes bones weak and prone to fractures. Weak bones are not a natural part of aging. While strong bones begin in childhood, people of all ages can improve their bone health.

Read More

Overview

Feature Articles

Latest Osteoporosis News and Research

Common osteoporosis medications protect against hip fracture during a 2-year drug holiday

Common osteoporosis medications protect against hip fracture during a 2-year drug holiday

Researchers identify factors at midlife linked with 10-year declines in women's physical health

Researchers identify factors at midlife linked with 10-year declines in women's physical health

Drugs that block mineralocorticoid receptor may help protect bone cells during aging

Drugs that block mineralocorticoid receptor may help protect bone cells during aging

Microgravity likely to contribute to life-saving stem cell advances on Earth

Microgravity likely to contribute to life-saving stem cell advances on Earth

Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy may have risks for younger women, but safe for post-menopausal patients

Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy may have risks for younger women, but safe for post-menopausal patients

New genetic evidence for the role of vitamin D deficiency in causing cardiovascular disease

New genetic evidence for the role of vitamin D deficiency in causing cardiovascular disease

Daily prune consumption has a protective effect on men’s bone health, research reports

Daily prune consumption has a protective effect on men’s bone health, research reports

Electronic cigarette use linked with higher prevalence of fragility fractures

Electronic cigarette use linked with higher prevalence of fragility fractures

Study improves understanding of the link between obesity and gum disease

Study improves understanding of the link between obesity and gum disease

Older women with sarcopenia less likely to experience hot flashes

Older women with sarcopenia less likely to experience hot flashes

Study reveals how bone cells form dendrites that are important for maintaining bone strength

Study reveals how bone cells form dendrites that are important for maintaining bone strength

Bone loss after menopause significantly lower than previously assumed

Bone loss after menopause significantly lower than previously assumed

Consecutive irradiation with two lasers helps adult stem cells to transform faster

Consecutive irradiation with two lasers helps adult stem cells to transform faster

Extra dairy intake lowers risk of falls and fractures among older adults in residential care

Extra dairy intake lowers risk of falls and fractures among older adults in residential care

Discovery could lead to new treatments for axial spondyloarthritis

Discovery could lead to new treatments for axial spondyloarthritis

Scientists identify gene responsible for food-dependent form of Cushing's Syndrome

Scientists identify gene responsible for food-dependent form of Cushing's Syndrome

New discovery suggests potential treatment target for osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis

New discovery suggests potential treatment target for osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis

Timing of changes in menstrual cycle length could provide clues about a person's heart disease risk

Timing of changes in menstrual cycle length could provide clues about a person's heart disease risk

Urban older women who participated in an exercise intervention were healthier than non-participants

Urban older women who participated in an exercise intervention were healthier than non-participants

Review describes nutritional imbalances in adults with celiac disease following a gluten-free diet

Review describes nutritional imbalances in adults with celiac disease following a gluten-free diet