Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease that causes a decrease in bone density and gives rise to weak, fragile bones that are prone to fracture. Most commonly, these fractures occur in the spine, wrist and hips when a person falls or bumps into something. If such an event triggers a visit to the doctor, a test of the bone mineral density called a DEXA scan may be performed and reveal osteoporosis.

The term osteoporosis refers to the porous (spongy) state of bone that eventually manifests as the bone’s ability to replenish itself declines over time. When individuals reach the age of around 40, the rate of bone breakdown starts to exceed the rate at which it is replaced, creating increasingly larger holes in the bone that make it less dense and more prone to fracture.

Some of the risk factors for osteoporosis such as gender, age and family history for the condition cannot be changed. However, factors such as diet and activity level can be improved to increase bone strength and individuals are advised to exercise regularly, eat a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, and quit any smoking or drinking habits.

Osteoporosis is currently thought to be affecting more than 200 million people worldwide but is most common among older, post-menopausal women who have reduced levels of estrogen, an important contributor to bone health.
Bone Disease

Bone disease is a condition that damages the skeleton and makes bones weak and prone to fractures. Weak bones are not a natural part of aging. While strong bones begin in childhood, people of all ages can improve their bone health.

Read More

Overview

Feature Articles

Latest Osteoporosis News and Research

Job and social strain associated with higher risk of coronary heart disease in women

Job and social strain associated with higher risk of coronary heart disease in women

New study shows large within- and between-assay variation for ß-CTX measurement

New study shows large within- and between-assay variation for ß-CTX measurement

Stem cell therapy could help restore debilitating age-related muscle loss

Stem cell therapy could help restore debilitating age-related muscle loss

FDA clears new robotically-assisted surgical device for transvaginal hysterectomy

FDA clears new robotically-assisted surgical device for transvaginal hysterectomy

Study reveals key mechanism by which exercise promotes immunity, strengthens bones

Study reveals key mechanism by which exercise promotes immunity, strengthens bones

Salt reduction program will lead to health benefits, cost savings by 2050

Salt reduction program will lead to health benefits, cost savings by 2050

Biomedical engineer receives NASA grant to find ways to keep astronauts' bones strong in space

Biomedical engineer receives NASA grant to find ways to keep astronauts' bones strong in space

Study investigates fracture-associated drug use among long-term care residents

Study investigates fracture-associated drug use among long-term care residents

Big data can help assess risk prediction for osteoporosis, fractures

Big data can help assess risk prediction for osteoporosis, fractures

Skeletal age calculator aims to better identify individuals at risk of bone fractures

Skeletal age calculator aims to better identify individuals at risk of bone fractures

Gene screenings hold disease clues, but unexplained anomalies often raise fears

Gene screenings hold disease clues, but unexplained anomalies often raise fears

Researchers find possible cause for self-destructive immune system attacks in autoimmune diseases

Researchers find possible cause for self-destructive immune system attacks in autoimmune diseases

New policy guidance outlines the benefits of Post-Fracture Care Coordination Programs

New policy guidance outlines the benefits of Post-Fracture Care Coordination Programs

APCO launches first pan-Asia Pacific clinical standards for osteoporosis

APCO launches first pan-Asia Pacific clinical standards for osteoporosis

New method replicates bone tissue complexity, bone remodeling processes

New method replicates bone tissue complexity, bone remodeling processes

Study: Menopause symptoms are worse for women with premature ovarian insufficiency

Study: Menopause symptoms are worse for women with premature ovarian insufficiency

IOF and IFCC review describes the current status of assays for reference bone turnover markers

IOF and IFCC review describes the current status of assays for reference bone turnover markers

New taxonomic classification of non-skeletal rare congenital disorders with impact on bone physiology

New taxonomic classification of non-skeletal rare congenital disorders with impact on bone physiology

Inherited or transmitted gut microbes affect skeletal development in animals

Inherited or transmitted gut microbes affect skeletal development in animals

Incidence of osteoporotic hip fractures expected to escalate in some Eurasian countries

Incidence of osteoporotic hip fractures expected to escalate in some Eurasian countries