Nuclear Medicine Techniques

Nuclear medicine imaging involves the administration of a radiolabelled chemical called a radiopharmaceutical.

This radiopharmaceutical is administered internally, via injection, swallowing or inhalation. Once taken, the chemical moves through the body to the specific organ or tissue it is attracted to, before being metabolized and excreted from the body. As the chemical moves through the body, external detectors are used to detect the radiation it emits, which is used to generate images of the area of interest.

Nuclear medicine imaging can be performed using several different techniques. One example is scintigraphy, where the radiation captured creates two-dimensional images. Another example is single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), where the emitted radiation is used to form three dimensional images, although gamma cameras are also used to capture internal radiation. Positron emission tomography (PET) is another example of a medical imaging procedure that generates three-dimensional images rather than two dimensional ones.

The main difference between nuclear medicine diagnostic tests and other imaging modalities is that nuclear imaging techniques show the physiological function of the tissue or organ being investigated, while traditional imaging systems such as computed tomography (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans) show only the anatomy or structure.

Nuclear medicine imaging techniques are also organ- or tissue-specific. While a CT or MRI scan can be used to visualize the whole of the chest cavity or abdominal cavity, for example, nuclear imaging techniques are used to view specific organs such as the lungs, heart or brain. Nuclear medicine studies can also be whole-body based, if the agent used targets specific cellular receptors or functions. Examples of these techniques include the whole-body PET scan or PET/CT scan, the meta iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan, the octreotide scans, the indium white blood cell scan, and the gallium scan.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Feb 27, 2019

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2019, February 27). Nuclear Medicine Techniques. News-Medical. Retrieved on June 20, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Nuclear-Medicine-Techniques.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Nuclear Medicine Techniques". News-Medical. 20 June 2019. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/Nuclear-Medicine-Techniques.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Nuclear Medicine Techniques". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Nuclear-Medicine-Techniques.aspx. (accessed June 20, 2019).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2019. Nuclear Medicine Techniques. News-Medical, viewed 20 June 2019, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Nuclear-Medicine-Techniques.aspx.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News-Medical.Net.
Post a new comment
Post
You might also like... ×
Deep learning analysis of SPECT MPI can improve diagnosis of coronary artery disease