Stroke Prevention

Stroke is a life threatening medical emergency for which there are several modifiable risk factors. Individuals who want to reduce the likelihood of suffering a stroke may benefit from taking these factors into consideration and make some lifestyle changes.

Stroke claims millions of lives every year worldwide so it is important that people are informed about how to reduce the chances of stroke occurring.

Some of the measures that can be taken to help prevent stroke include:

A healthy diet

Several dietary factors are associated with an increased risk of stroke. For example, a diet with a high sugar and fat content raises the risk for heart disease, cardiovascular disease, hyperglycemia, diabetes, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, overweight and obesity.

Each of these factors, in turn, raises the risk of stroke. Controlling unhealthy factors in the diet therefore helps to reduce stroke risk.

Diet recommendations include:

  • A diet that is low in foods containing saturated fats and trans fats such as processed foods, cakes, pastries, deep fried foods, fatty cuts of meat, butter, cream, lard and cheese.
  • Foods with unsaturated fats on the other hand, provide health benefits and should be included in the diet. Examples of these foods include nuts, seeds, oily fish, sunflower, rapeseed and olive oils.
  • Fibre should be included in the diet and examples include wholegrain bread, pulses, legumes and some fruits such as strawberries and apples.
  • About five portions of fresh fruit and vegetables should be consumed each day.
  • Daily salt intake should be reduced to no more than 6g (0.2oz) to keep the blood pressure under control.

Regular physical exercise

A healthy and balanced diet should be complemented with regular physical exercise. This helps maintain heart health and a normal body weight. Guidelines recommend at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) per week of moderate-intensity exercise such as cycling, jogging, swimming, skipping or fast walking.

Cutting down drinking and smoking

Excess alcohol consumption should be avoided and any smoking habits should be stopped.

Medications

Conditions such as high blood pressure, hypertension, raised cholesterol or rapid heart rate should be brought under control using appropriate medications.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Feb 27, 2019

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2019, February 27). Stroke Prevention. News-Medical. Retrieved on June 18, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Stroke-Prevention.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Stroke Prevention". News-Medical. 18 June 2019. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/Stroke-Prevention.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Stroke Prevention". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Stroke-Prevention.aspx. (accessed June 18, 2019).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2019. Stroke Prevention. News-Medical, viewed 18 June 2019, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Stroke-Prevention.aspx.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News-Medical.Net.
Post a new comment
Post
You might also like... ×
Implementation of new pathway for spatial neglect care