Symptoms of Depression

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

The symptoms of depression may vary widely between individuals. However, one of the classic symptoms of depression is a long-term, persistent feeling of sadness. Some of the symptoms of clinical depression include:

  • Feelings of sadness, hopelessness and tearfulness that may last for weeks or months. This feeling of sadness does not pass as might sadness felt in response to a life changing or tragic event and the sadness can become severe, even giving rise to symptoms of psychosis.
  • Irritability and intolerance of others, perhaps leading to fights with other people.
  • Excessive feelings of guilt.
  • Difficulty in making decisions.
  • Apathy and loss of interest in activities that used to be enjoyable. While mild depression can lead to a loss of interest in hobbies and sometimes work, more serious depression can lead to a loss of interest in simple, routine daily activities such as eating, sleeping, maintaining personal hygiene and maintaining social relationships.
  • Symptoms of anxiety and even phobias and panic attacks may coexist with the depression.
  • Unexplained tiredness and feelings of stress and being overwhelmed.
  • Sleep disorder that may manifest as either oversleeping or as insomnia or difficulty in falling or staying asleep.
  • Changes in eating habits that manifest either as a loss of appetite or as excessive eating with bouts of binging. These eating habits may lead to serious malnutrition or obesity as well as symptoms such as constipation, diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Loss of sex drive or libido.
  • Deterioration of personal and social relationships.
  • Feeling vague pains and aches.
  • Alterations in the menstrual cycle in women with depression.
  • Thinking about and planning suicide. In major depressive disorder, patients may start thinking about killing themselves to end the misery.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Jan 20, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, January 20). Symptoms of Depression. News-Medical. Retrieved on May 28, 2024 from

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Symptoms of Depression". News-Medical. 28 May 2024. <>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Symptoms of Depression". News-Medical. (accessed May 28, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. Symptoms of Depression. News-Medical, viewed 28 May 2024,


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Gut-friendly psychobiotics could brighten moods and fight depression