Wyeth Pharmaceuticals has announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted a new "fast track" designation for temsirolimus (CCI-779), an investigational mTOR kinase inhibitor, in the first-line treatment of poor-prognosis patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Previously, in March 2002, the FDA had designated temsirolimus for fast track status in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma after failure of initial therapy.
In granting this fast track designation to temsirolimus, the FDA noted the following:
- Advanced or metastatic RCC is a serious and life-threatening condition with few therapeutic options;
- Metastatic RCC is generally regarded as an incurable disease that is highly resistant to systemic therapy;
- Chemotherapeutic and radio-therapeutic approaches have not significantly improved outcomes in patients with metastatic RCC, and
- Current available therapy for patients with metastatic RCC is immunotherapy with cytokines, which provides a tumor response (shrinkage) in some patients.
- In a phase II study, a 7% overall response rate of temsirolimus was observed in advanced RCC patients.
"After the phase II study we decided to change the development strategy to pursue first-line therapy in advanced RCC patients. Currently a phase III study comparing temsirolimus alone, interferon alpha alone and temsirolimus with interferon alpha is underway to determine the clinical benefit of temsirolimus as first-line therapy with survival as the primary endpoint," says Gary L. Stiles, MD, FACC, Chief Medical Officer, Executive Vice President, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals. "This new fast track designation for temsirolimus may be an important step towards developing a potential new treatment for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma."
The FDA's fast track program is designed to facilitate development and expedite review of new drugs or biologicals that are intended to treat serious or life-threatening conditions and that demonstrate the potential to address unmet medical needs. However, fast track designation does not guarantee approval or expedited approval of any application for the product.
RCC represents approximately 2% to 3% of all adult cancers worldwide and 2% of all cancer-related deaths. In 2003, an estimated 32,000 new cases of RCC and 12,000 deaths attributable to RCC were expected in the US. The National Cancer Institute reports a rising incidence of RCC at a rate of approximately 2% per decade. The disease occurs predominantly in the seventh and eighth decades in life, and it affects nearly twice as many men as women.
Temsirolimus is an investigational drug, which specifically inhibits mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) kinase, an enzyme required to control a cell's life cycle, preventing cell division into new cells.