Tips for caregivers to better manage their loved one's health care

According to the National Alliance for Caregiving, more than 65 million people in the United States serve as informal caregivers, typically for family members. This equates to more than one out of every four people serving as unpaid caregivers.

A caregiver is someone who provides assistance to another person who is ill, disabled or needs help with daily activities. It's a role that can be physically and emotionally draining. The health care system doesn't make it any easier. Fortunately, there are a few tips caregivers can follow to better manage their loved one's health care, particularly when it comes to people with Medicare, according to Krista Bowers, senior vice president of senior products at Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield.

"At Anthem, we hear regularly from caregivers who are learning how to navigate the system on behalf of their parents, grandparents and others," Bowers said. "There are some themes that are common among them."

Gathering Information

The first step in helping to manage care for a loved one is gathering as much information as possible about their health and health benefits. Some items caregivers might want to gather include the following:

  • Medicare card (if eligible)
  • Health plan membership card
  • A list of doctors, including specialists
  • A list of medicines and dosages
  • Information about the person's medical conditions both treated and untreated.

This is basically creating a "personal health record." A loved one might be reluctant to share this information at first. Experts recommend that caregivers remain patient. They can explain that the information is needed to advocate on their behalf with their doctors, hospitals and insurance companies.

Getting Permission

Most people have heard of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). HIPAA is an important law for protecting patient privacy. However, it can be an obstacle for caregivers.

"People are sometimes surprised to learn that companies like Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield cannot readily disclose a person's health information, even to their own spouse or child," said Dennis Matheis, president, Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield in Missouri. "That's why it's so critical for caregivers to file the proper paperwork with their loved one's health benefits provider."

Caregivers can access a loved one's health information in a number of ways. One way is with a "durable power of attorney," which can be established with the assistance of an attorney. Another way is with an "Authorization to Disclose Personal Health Information," which is available from a health benefits company. With the disclosure form, the member can authorize someone else to see their health care information, while specifying just how much information that person can see. Beneficiaries also can designate someone to participate on their behalf in Medicare appeals and grievances by filling out an "Appointment of Representative" form.

These forms are returned to the health benefits company where they are kept on file. When they are on file, designees can serve as the member's representative on health benefits, including determinations, exceptions, and appeals and grievances. Anybody can serve as a designee, including a family member or friend. However, the member can revoke these designations, in writing, whenever they see fit.

Enrolling in a Chronic Disease Program

Some Medicare beneficiaries suffer from chronic diseases, such as cancer, stroke, multiple sclerosis, dementia, diabetes, end stage renal disease or Alzheimer's disease. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, eight out of 10 Americans age 65 or older are living with some chronic illness. Those enrolled in a Medicare plan may have access to free programs to help them manage their diseases. Many times, these programs are administered by nurses or other licensed personnel. The goal is to help prevent acute episodes through better disease management. Many plans even follow-up with members after their hospitalization.

"These programs are above and beyond those offered by Original Medicare," Bowers explained. "It's important for caregivers to know about them and encourage their loved ones to participate. They may want to get a copy of a member's explanation of coverage from their insurer to find out what's available."

Knowing Your Rights

Once the disclosure/authorization paperwork has been filed, caregivers can speak to a customer care agent on a beneficiary's behalf as well as access the beneficiary's information online, including claims history, provider network and drug formularies.

If a beneficiary ever disagrees with any Medicare decision, including a denial, they have the right to appeal it. For more information about appeals, visit to get a free copy of "Your Rights and Protections."

Investigating 'Extra Help'

As a caregiver, it's also important to know about "extra help" that is available to low-income people with a Medicare prescription drug plan through the Social Security office. This "extra help" includes assistance with monthly prescription drug premiums, annual deductibles and prescription copayments. For information about eligibility for this program, go to

Even if your loved one doesn't qualify for extra help from Social Security, there are a myriad of other resources that might be available to them at the state and community levels. The Web site has compiled information about these resources in one convenient online location. The site, which counts Anthem among its sponsors, tracks more than 1,550 benefit programs throughout all 50 states and the District of Columbia. It has identified more than $7.6 billion in benefits for those in need since being launched in 2001.

Caring for Yourself

The final tip for caregivers, and perhaps the most important, is for them to take care of themselves, including getting enough sleep, going for a walk, taking an occasional day off and maintaining a sense of humor. After all, caregivers can't possibly take care of anyone else until they first take care of themselves.

Research shows that caregivers face an increased risk of developing depression. It's natural to grieve about a loved one's disease. However, if sadness persists to the extent that it prevents decision making, interrupts daily living, and discourages participation in normal activities, then it may be time to get some help. Primary care physicians may offer help, including referrals to other resources. Caregivers with access to Employee Assistance Programs (EAP) can find them useful.

"Caregivers need to know that there's no shame in asking for help," Matheis said.

SOURCE Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield in Missouri


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
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