Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2010. The company reported non-GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) earnings per share (EPS) for the fourth quarter of $0.88, which excludes purchase accounting adjustments, restructuring costs and merger-related expenses. The purchase accounting adjustments include a $1.7 billion pre-tax charge related to its vorapaxar clinical research program. Fourth quarter GAAP EPS was $(0.17). Merck also announced full year 2010 non-GAAP EPS of $3.42, excluding certain items, and full year GAAP EPS of $0.28.
“Merck today reported a high quality fourth quarter characterized by strong revenue performance, significant cost reductions and double-digit earnings growth”
Worldwide sales for the fourth quarter of 2010 were $12.1 billion. GAAP net loss for the fourth quarter was $531 million. For the full year of 2010, worldwide sales were $46.0 billion and GAAP net income was $861 million.
A reconciliation of EPS as reported in accordance with GAAP to non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items is provided in the table that follows. The fourth quarter and full year 2009 results below include legacy Schering-Plough results only for the post-merger period, which began on Nov. 4, 2009.
"Merck today reported a high quality fourth quarter characterized by strong revenue performance, significant cost reductions and double-digit earnings growth," said Kenneth C. Frazier, president and chief executive officer. "These results clearly demonstrate the benefits of the post-merger Merck with our broader product portfolio, robust late-stage pipeline and expanded global footprint.
"Looking ahead, our focus will be on delivering sustainable, profitable top-line growth," Frazier added. "To do that, Merck will continue to innovate, make disciplined investments in our business and continue to drive out inefficiencies in our operations. Coming out of our first year as a combined company, Merck employees in markets all over the world are energized and excited about capitalizing on the many new opportunities we have to bring value to patients, customers and shareholders."
Select Business Highlights
- Merck is currently launching more than 10 medicines in key markets around the world.
- The company continues to make progress in its pipeline, including:
- Boceprevir, an investigational oral hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitor, was granted Priority Review status by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and accelerated assessment status by the European Union.
- The FDA accepted a new drug application for an investigational extended-release formulation of JANUMET (sitagliptin/metformin HCI).
- In the Phase III DEFINE study with Merck's investigational CETP inhibitor, anacetrapib, patients with coronary heart disease or CHD risk equivalents showed no significant differences from placebo in the primary safety measures studied. In addition, at 24 weeks, anacetrapib decreased LDL-C (bad cholesterol) by 40 percent and increased HDL-C (good cholesterol) by 138 percent in patients already treated with a statin and at guideline-recommended LDL-C goal.
- Top-line results for Phase III SUCCEED trial of ridaforolimus showed it met the primary endpoint in patients with metastatic soft-tissue or bone sarcomas.
- Also in the quarter, the company announced the results of the SHARP trial, which showed that VYTORIN (ezetimibe/simvastatin) significantly reduced major vascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease. The SHARP study is the first and only prospective clinical study in patients with chronic kidney disease to show that an LDL cholesterol-lowering medicine reduced major vascular and atherosclerotic events.
- Merck continued its commitment to develop biosimilars through an alliance with Parexel International Corporation.
- The company acquired SmartCells, Inc., a privately held company developing a glucose responsive insulin formulation potentially for the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
- The company completed a $2 billion public offering of senior notes. Proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes.
Fourth Quarter and Full Year Sales Results
The following supplemental combined 2009 non-GAAP sales are adjusted to reflect a full quarter and a full year of legacy Merck and legacy Schering-Plough combined results. See Explanatory Note on page 12 of this release for further information.
Fourth Quarter and Full Year Expense and Other Information
The fourth quarter and full year 2010 results below reflect the performance of the combined company. The increases in 2010 non-GAAP expenses are largely due to the inclusion of legacy Schering-Plough post-merger results.
The costs detailed below on a GAAP basis during the fourth quarter of 2010 totaled $12.7 billion and include $3.9 billion of purchase accounting adjustments, restructuring costs and merger-related costs.
On a full year 2010 GAAP basis, these costs totaled $43.6 billion and include $11.4 billion in purchase accounting adjustments, restructuring costs and merger-related costs. See below for 2009 comparable periods.
The gross margin was 63.3 percent for the fourth quarter and 60.0 percent for the full year of 2010, reflecting 10.8 and 15.2 percentage point unfavorable impacts, respectively, from the purchase accounting adjustments and restructuring costs noted above.
Equity income from affiliates was $171 million in the fourth quarter and $587 million for the full year of 2010. Equity income from affiliates primarily includes the AstraZeneca LP, Johnson & Johnson Merck Consumer Pharmaceuticals Company and Sanofi Pasteur MSD partnerships, and no longer reflects any contribution from the Merck/Schering-Plough partnership or from Merial Limited (Merial).
Other (income) expense, net was $309 million of expense in the fourth quarter of 2010 which includes $120 million of exchange losses due to the Venezuelan currency devaluation. Other (income) expense, net was $1.3 billion of expense for the full year of 2010, which reflects a previously disclosed $950 million legal reserve, $200 million of exchange losses due to Venezuelan currency devaluations and $443 million of income recognized upon AstraZeneca's asset option exercise in the second quarter. Other (income) expense, net for the fourth quarter of 2009 was $7.8 billion of income primarily reflecting a $7.5 billion gain associated with obtaining a controlling interest in the Merck/Schering-Plough partnership. Other (income) expense, net for the full year of 2009 was $10.7 billion of income which included the $7.5 billion gain associated with obtaining a controlling interest in the Merck/Schering-Plough partnership, and a $3.2 billion gain from the sale of Merck's interest in Merial.
The GAAP effective tax rate of 28.7 percent for the fourth quarter of 2010 reflects the impact of purchase accounting adjustments, restructuring costs and merger-related costs. The non-GAAP effective tax rate, which excludes these items, was 14.1 percent for the quarter. Both the GAAP and non-GAAP effective tax rates reflect a benefit of approximately $80 million as a result of the fourth quarter 2010 enactment of the tax extenders legislation, including the R&D tax credit.
The company expects full year 2011 revenue to grow in the low to mid-single digit percent range from the base of $46.0 billion in the full year 2010.
In 2011, Merck is targeting full year non-GAAP EPS in the range of $3.64 to $3.76, excluding certain items, and a 2011 GAAP EPS range of $2.05 to $2.33. The 2011 non-GAAP EPS range excludes purchase accounting adjustments, restructuring and merger-related costs.
EPS and other financial targets for 2011 assume that Merck will retain full rights to REMICADE and SIMPONI in the applicable markets. The 2011 targets also assume that the results from the animal health business will continue to be reported in net sales and operating expenses for the entire year, and these targets will be adjusted upon formation of the joint venture.
A reconciliation of anticipated 2011 EPS as reported in accordance with GAAP to non-GAAP EPS that excludes certain items is provided in the table below.
Non-GAAP research and development expense, which excludes joint ventures, is anticipated to be approximately $8.1 billion to $8.5 billion for the full year of 2011. This target excludes restructuring costs and in-process R&D impairment charges.
Merck estimates that its consolidated non-GAAP 2011 tax rate will be approximately 20 percent to 22 percent.
Given industry pressures such as greater E.U. austerity measures and the additional impact of U.S. health care reform, as well as developments in its vorapaxar clinical program, the company has withdrawn its previous long-term target of high single-digit non-GAAP EPS compound annual growth rate from 2009 to 2013.
Product Performance - Human Health
Bone, Respiratory, Immunology and Dermatology
Worldwide sales of SINGULAIR (montelukast sodium), a once-a-day oral medicine indicated for the chronic treatment of asthma and the relief of symptoms of allergic rhinitis, were $1.3 billion for the fourth quarter of 2010, an increase of 7 percent compared with the fourth quarter of 2009. Full year worldwide sales for SINGULAIR were $5.0 billion, a 7 percent increase compared with the prior year.
Global sales of NASONEX (mometasone furoate monohydrate) nasal spray, an inhaled nasal corticosteroid for the treatment of nasal allergy symptoms, were $303 million for the fourth quarter and $1.2 billion for the full year of 2010.
Sales of REMICADE (infliximab) were $710 million for the fourth quarter and $2.7 billion for the full year of 2010. REMICADE is a treatment for inflammatory diseases. Sales of SIMPONI (golimumab) were $42 million for the fourth quarter and $97 million for the full year of 2010. SIMPONI, a once-monthly, subcutaneous treatment for certain inflammatory diseases, has been launched in 18 countries and launches in other international markets are planned. A subsidiary of Merck has exclusive marketing rights for REMICADE and SIMPONI outside the United States except in China, Japan, Indonesia, Taiwan and Hong Kong. The subsidiary's rights to market REMICADE and SIMPONI are the subject of an ongoing arbitration process with Centocor, which has been previously disclosed.
Global sales of ZETIA (ezetimibe) and VYTORIN (ezetimibe/simvastatin), the company's cholesterol-lowering medicines, were $629 million and $562 million, respectively, for the fourth quarter of 2010. Annual worldwide sales of ZETIA for 2010 were $2.3 billion and $2.0 billion for VYTORIN.
Diabetes and Obesity
JANUVIA (sitagliptin), Merck's DPP-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, recorded worldwide sales of $675 million during the fourth quarter of 2010, representing a 21 percent increase compared with the same quarter in 2009. JANUMET (sitagliptin/metformin hydrochloride), a single tablet that targets all three key defects of type 2 diabetes, achieved worldwide sales of $288 million during the quarter, an increase of 42 percent compared with the fourth quarter 2009. The JANUVIA/JANUMET combined franchise had sales of $962 million during the fourth quarter of 2010, an increase of 27 percent compared to the same quarter in 2009. JANUVIA reached $2.4 billion in worldwide sales in 2010, while JANUMET achieved $954 million in global sales for the year. The combined JANUVIA/JANUMET franchise had sales of $3.3 billion for the full year of 2010, an increase of 29 percent.
ISENTRESS (raltegravir), an HIV integrase inhibitor for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection, reported worldwide sales of $313 million for the fourth quarter of 2010, an increase of 34 percent compared with the fourth quarter of 2009. Global sales of ISENTRESS for the full year of 2010 were $1.1 billion, a 45 percent increase compared with the prior year.
Worldwide sales of PEGINTRON (peginterferon alfa-2b) for chronic hepatitis C were $198 million for the fourth quarter and $737 million for the full year of 2010.
Merck's diversified brands are human health pharmaceutical products that are approaching the expiration of their marketing exclusivity or are no longer protected by patents in developed markets, but continue to be a core part of the company's offering in other markets around the world.
Global sales of Merck's antihypertensive medicines, COZAAR (losartan potassium) and HYZAAR (losartan potassium and hydrochlorothiazide), were $415 million for the fourth quarter of 2010, representing a 57 percent decrease compared with the fourth quarter of 2009. Full year worldwide sales for COZAAR/HYZAAR were $2.1 billion, a 41 percent decrease compared to the full year of 2009. The company continues to experience a significant decline in COZAAR/HYZAAR sales since these medicines have lost marketing exclusivity in the United States and in major European markets.
Neuroscience and Ophthalmology
Global sales of MAXALT (rizatriptan benzoate), Merck's tablet for the acute treatment of migraine, were $149 million for the fourth quarter of 2010, a 5 percent decrease from the same quarter last year. MAXALT reported global sales of $550 million for the full year of 2010, a 4 percent decrease from the full year 2009.
Sales of BRIDION (sugammadex), for the reversal of certain muscle relaxants during surgery, were $40 million in the fourth quarter of 2010 and $103 million for the full year of 2010. BRIDION is currently launching in more than 30 countries outside of the United States.
Sales of TEMODAR (temozolomide), a treatment for certain types of brain tumors, were $266 million for the fourth quarter and $1.1 billion for the full year of 2010.
Global sales of EMEND (aprepitant), a treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, were $110 million for the fourth quarter, an increase of 23 percent compared with the same quarter of 2009, and $378 million for full year 2010, an increase of 19 percent compared with the same period last year.
Sales of CAELYX (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride) for the treatment of ovarian cancer, metastatic breast cancer and Kaposi's sarcoma, were $75 million for the fourth quarter and $284 million for the full year of 2010. As previously disclosed, marketing rights for CAELYX returned to Johnson & Johnson on Dec. 31, 2010.
Total sales as recorded by Merck of its cervical cancer vaccine, GARDASIL (human papillomavirus (HPV) quadrivalent (types 6, 11, 16, 18) vaccine, recombinant), were $221 million for the fourth quarter of 2010, a 20 percent decrease from the same quarter in 2009. The decrease is primarily a result of a government purchase for the CDC Strategic National Stockpile in the fourth quarter 2009. Worldwide sales of GARDASIL for the year were $988 million, a 12 percent decrease compared with the prior year.
Worldwide sales of Merck's other viral vaccines, which include VARIVAX (varicella virus vaccine live), M-M-R II (measles, mumps and rubella virus vaccine live) and PROQUAD (measles, mumps, rubella and varicella virus vaccine live), as recorded by Merck, were $285 million for the fourth quarter of 2010, a decrease of 14 percent compared with the same period a year earlier. The decrease is primarily a result of a 2009 government purchase of VARIVAX for the CDC Strategic National Stockpile. Sales of other viral vaccines for the year were $1.4 billion, an increase of 1 percent over full year 2009.
ZOSTAVAX (zoster vaccine live), the company's vaccine to help prevent shingles (herpes zoster), recorded sales of $107 million for the fourth quarter of 2010 compared with $76 million for the fourth quarter of 2009. Sales for the full year of 2010 were $243 million compared with $277 million for 2009. Sales this quarter were driven by significant backorder fulfillment. Product backorders are expected to continue through at least the first quarter of 2011 and the company anticipates sales in future quarters will be affected by availability of supply.
Women's Health and Endocrine
Global sales of NUVARING (etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol) vaginal ring, a contraceptive product, were $145 million for the fourth quarter and $559 million for the full year of 2010.
Sales of FOLLISTIM AQ (follitropin beta injection), a fertility treatment, were $138 million for the fourth quarter and $528 million for the full year of 2010.
Product Performance - Animal Health
Animal Health sales totaled $815 million for the fourth quarter and $2.9 billion for the full year of 2010, reflecting continued solid performance among ruminant and swine products. Animal Health includes pharmaceutical and vaccine products for the prevention, treatment and control of disease in all major farm and companion animal species. Merck and sanofi-aventis continue the process of forming the proposed Animal Health joint venture and expect to close the transaction in the first half of 2011.
Product Performance - Consumer Care
Consumer Care sales were $251 million for the fourth quarter and $1.3 billion for the full year of 2010, which reflect continued strong performance of a number of key brands including DR. SCHOLL's and COPPERTONE. Consumer Care includes footcare and suncare consumer products, and a variety of over-the-counter medicines.
As of Dec. 31, 2010, Merck had approximately 94,000 employees worldwide.