OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a privately held, clinical-stage company developing novel therapeutics that target cancer stem cells (CSCs), or tumor initiating cells, today highlighted new data presented this afternoon in a poster discussion session at the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Clinical Oncology (ASCO) in Chicago, IL. This represents the first clinical presentation of OMP-59R5, a monoclonal antibody targeting the Notch2 and Notch3 receptors. Authors of the poster, "A First-in-Human Phase I Study to Evaluate the Fully Human Monoclonal Antibody OMP-59R5 (anti-Notch2/3) Administered Intravenously to Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors," concluded that OMP-59R5 was generally well tolerated and established maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) of 2.5mg/kg weekly (QW) and 5mg/kg every other week (QoW) for the drug.
The study results were presented by Dr. Anthony Tolcher of The START Center for Cancer Care, San Antonio, TX. Dr. Tolcher noted that the main treatment-related adverse event was diarrhea and there was evidence of Notch pathway modulation with this drug. Dr. David Smith and colleagues at the University of Michigan Cancer Center at Ann Arbor, MI also participated in the Phase I study. The anti-Notch2/3 program is part of OncoMed's collaboration with GlaxoSmithKline.
The Phase I dose-escalation study (3+3 design) was initiated in patients with advanced solid tumors. The investigational antibody, OMP-59R5, was administered to study safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), preliminary efficacy, and to determine the MTD. Thirty patients have been enrolled in four dose-escalation cohorts at doses of 0.5, 1, 2.5, and 5mg/kg administered weekly, as well as two dose-escalation cohorts of 5 and 10mg/kg administered every other week. The study is ongoing and will test an every-three-week dosing schedule.
The most frequently reported drug-related adverse events were: mild to moderate diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, and constipation. Diarrhea was dose related and occurred at doses ≥2.5mg/kg weekly and appeared less pronounced with every-other-week dosing. The PK of OMP-59R5 was characterized by rapid, dose-dependent clearance. Several patients had prolonged stable disease for ≥56 days (tumor types included Kaposi's Sarcoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, rectal cancer, and liposarcoma). PD modulation of Notch pathway was detectable in surrogate tissue and in tumor and occurred at doses ≥1mg/kg. The OMP-59R5 clinical program is advancing toward PhIb/II development in solid tumor indications.
OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, Inc.