Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) announced today the results from two Phase 2 studies of bivalent rLP2086, Pfizer's recombinant vaccine candidate, currently under development for the prevention of invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B in 10 to 25 year olds. In both studies, bivalent rLP2086 was observed to generate bactericidal responses, a measurement of functional immune response, against diverse meningococcal serogroup B test strains following either two or three doses. Also, in the study evaluating co-administration of bivalent rLP2086 and a diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and inactivated polio vaccine (dTaP-IPV), no impact was observed on the immune response to the dTaP-IPV vaccine. The data were presented at the 32nd Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases (ESPID 2014).
"Disease caused by meningococcus serogroup B is serious and unpredictable. The disease is difficult to recognize early and progresses rapidly, making preventive vaccination especially important," said Dr. Emilio Emini, senior vice president of Vaccine Research and Development for Pfizer Inc. "We are encouraged by the safety and tolerability data for our investigational vaccine candidate, bivalent rLP2086, and its potential to help prevent this devastating disease. We look forward to continuing the development of this critically-needed vaccine and working with regulatory authorities to make it available to adolescents and young adults."
Each year, approximately 500,000 cases of meningococcal disease occur worldwide due to Neisseria meningitidis. The majority of invasive meningococcal disease cases worldwide can be attributed to five N. meningitidis serogroups (A, B, C, W-135 and Y), with between 20,000 and 80,000 cases caused by meningococcal B disease globally. Despite the availability of antibiotic treatment, between 10 and 15 percent of patients with meningococcal disease die and 11 to 19 percent of those who survive are afflicted with long-term disabilities, such as brain damage, hearing loss, learning disabilities or limb amputations.
Data Presented at European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases Annual Meeting
A Phase 2, randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind study assessed the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of bivalent rLP2086 in healthy adolescents aged 11 to 18 years in two- and three-dose schedules. The immune responses to bivalent rLP2086 were measured using a serum bactericidal assay with human complement (hSBA). The functional antibodies assessed by the hSBA are an accepted immunological correlate of protection. hSBA titers of ≥ 1:4 are typically associated with protection against serogroup B meningococcal disease. One month after three doses of bivalent rLP2086, hSBA titers > 1:8 to diverse meningococcal serogroup B strains were observed in 86 to 99 percent of subjects; and 69 to100 percent after two doses. The most common local reaction observed was mild-to-moderate injection site pain; headache and fatigue were the most common systemic events.
Data from the second Phase 2, randomized, placebo-controlled study that evaluated the effects of co-administration of bivalent rLP2086 with a dTaP-IPV vaccine in healthy adolescents aged 11 to 18 years were also presented at the conference. When given with bivalent rLP2086, dTaP-IPV generated immune responses that are consistent with those observed following administration of dTaP-IPV alone. Bactericidal responses to four diverse meningococcal serogroup B strains were also observed following co-administration of bivalent rLP2086 and dTaP-IPV. The most common local reaction observed was mild-to-moderate injection site pain; headache and fatigue were the most common systemic events. These data suggest that it may be possible to administer bivalent rLP2086 at the same time as the dTaP-IPV vaccine.