Neuroblastoma Prognosis

Neuroblastoma is difficult to detect in the early stages and the disease is often not identified until it is more advanced. In addition, the condition usually affects young children under the age of five years who may be too young to "self report" symptoms.

The condition often isn't diagnosed until the cancer has reached stage 4 or an advanced metastatic stage where the likelihood of treatment response is low.

Prognosis is dependent on several factors including:

Patient age at diagnosis - The age of a patient when they are diagnosed significantly impacts on the 5-year survival rate. Children with a localized tumor or children under 18 months of age with advanced disease but favourable tumor characteristics have a significantly greater chance of long-term survival than older children with advanced disease.

These older children have a much lower chance of being cured, even after intensive therapy. Infants diagnosed while they are under 1 year of age have a 90% chance of survival compared with a 66% chance in those diagnosed at age 10 to 14.

General health - Children with poor general health are less able to withstand the adverse effects of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Disease stage at diagnosis - The earlier the stage of disease at diagnosis, the more effective treatment will be and the lower the risk of recurrence.

Cancer features - A cancer that is slow growing and less likely to spread to distant organs is more easily treated and eradicated than a faster growing, aggressive tumor.

High-risk neuroblastomas are more likely to recur after treatment.

Those who survive neuroblastoma may develop certain persistent problems including hearing loss, retardation of growth and development, learning difficulties and thyroid disorder. In addition, children who have been treated with chemotherapy and radiation carry a risk of developing secondary cancers later in life.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Jul 14, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, July 14). Neuroblastoma Prognosis. News-Medical. Retrieved on February 22, 2024 from

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Neuroblastoma Prognosis". News-Medical. 22 February 2024. <>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Neuroblastoma Prognosis". News-Medical. (accessed February 22, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. Neuroblastoma Prognosis. News-Medical, viewed 22 February 2024,


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment