What is Neurosurgery?

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

The term “neurosurgery” is short for neurological surgery, a discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders. Neurosurgery is a sister discipline to neuromedicine, which involves the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders and complications using medications and non-surgical methods. In most patients, neurologists (who deal with neuromedicine) work alongside neurosurgeons.

Neurosurgeons operate on the brain, spine, or nerves of the limbs or extremities. They treat patients of all ages, ranging from newborns with congenital neurological abnormalities (birth defects) through to elderly individuals who may have suffered a stroke, for example. Neurosurgeons are also involved in the treatment of nerve injuries, neuroblastoma, infections of the central nervous system and neurodegenerative diseases.

A major part of diagnosing and evaluating patients in neurology involves the use of imaging studies such as computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and angiograms.

Neurosurgery is one of the more recent surgical disciplines to develop, originally gaining recognition in the early 1900s. However, it is now one of the most cutting edge medical disciplines in the world of science and medicine and involves the use of some of the most advanced technologies currently available.

According to the American Board of Neurological Surgery, to qualify as a neurosurgeon, a person must complete medical school as well as a neurosurgical residency training that is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) in the United States. The neurologist also needs to have completed mandatory training in general surgery and critical care.

There are several sub-specialities that a neurologist can choose to practice and examples include pediatric neurosurgery, interventional neuroradiology, spine surgery, neurovascular surgery, neuro-oncology, pain management, and nerve trauma.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Dec 31, 2022

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2022, December 31). What is Neurosurgery?. News-Medical. Retrieved on March 01, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Neurosurgery.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "What is Neurosurgery?". News-Medical. 01 March 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Neurosurgery.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "What is Neurosurgery?". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Neurosurgery.aspx. (accessed March 01, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2022. What is Neurosurgery?. News-Medical, viewed 01 March 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Neurosurgery.aspx.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment
You might also like...
Scientists uncover brain mechanisms for social memory recall in mice