What is Neuroscience?

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

The term "neuroscience" refers to the scientific study of the nervous system. The word is derived from a combination of the words "neuron" meaning "nerve" and "science".

Neuroscience concerns all scientific aspects of the nervous system including molecular, cellular, functional, and structural elements as well as the evolutionary, medical and computational aspects. Some examples of the principal areas studied are:

  1. Neuronal signalling and axonal connectivity patterns
  2. Neuronal development and biological function
  3. Neural circuit formation and functional role in reflexes, sense, memory, learning, and emotional response
  4. Cognitive neuroscience addressing psychological functions related to neural circuits
  5. Brain imaging in diagnosis of disease

Neuroscientists explore all elements of the nervous system to understand how it is structured, how it functions, how it forms, how it malfunctions and how it can be altered.

The nervous system is an assembly of interconnected neurons that communicate with each other and other cells through specialized synaptic junctions where neurons project long filaments called axons that can reach and relay signals to distant parts of the body that influence neuronal, muscular and glandular activity at their end points.

Neuroscientists are essentially basic science researchers who usually possess a doctoral degree in neuroscience or a related field. They may then work in post doctoral research or go on to become a medical doctor and later specialize in neuroscience.

Neuroscientists often contribute to understanding the genetic basis of many neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and identify strategies for cure and management. Neuroscientists may also be involved in research into mental disorders such as schizophrenia or behavioural disorders.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Aug 21, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, August 21). What is Neuroscience?. News-Medical. Retrieved on May 20, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/What-is-Neuroscience.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "What is Neuroscience?". News-Medical. 20 May 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/What-is-Neuroscience.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "What is Neuroscience?". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/What-is-Neuroscience.aspx. (accessed May 20, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. What is Neuroscience?. News-Medical, viewed 20 May 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/What-is-Neuroscience.aspx.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Superagers' brains resist age-related decline, study finds