Zika treatment

There is currently no specific vaccine to protect people against the Zika virus or any specific antiviral drug treatment for people who are infected with the virus already. Patients are advised to use medications that can help to alleviate the symptoms that they have.

Image Credit: AuntSpray / Shutterstock
Image Credit: AuntSpray / Shutterstock

Around 20% of the people that become infected with the Zika virus show mild symptoms of the disease. These include fatigue, conjunctivitis, a fever, joint pain, headaches, muscle pain and eye pain. The effects of these tend to be mild and people should be able to treat these remotely with advice from healthcare providers. The virus may have more serious consequences for pregnant women or if it lingers in the system of other patients.

In Brazil, a rise in the occurrence of the disease has been linked to a rise in cases of microcephaly, a condition that causes defects in the head and brain development of infants. The virus is believed to pass into the system of the developing child in the womb. It has also been linked to Guillain-Barré syndrome, a disease that affects the nervous system.

Zika Virus 101


People who show symptoms of the disease are advised to rest to ensure that they recover effectively from the virus. They may also feel tired because of the symptoms of the disease in the body.


Patients who are suffering from fever may benefit from taking paracetamol to relieve the fever, headaches, joint pain or muscle pain that develops. Aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are not recommended for the condition.


The fever has the potential to dehydrate a patient through extra perspiration. The patient may feel extra thirsty, tired, dizzy and pass less urine. The urine will also be dark in color instead of straw-colored.

Patients should increase their intake of water, fruit juice or rehydration solutions to replace lost fluids. The patient could also benefit from light-weight clothing as well. Care should be taken to ensure that children who are dehydrated also have enough minerals.

Artificial tears

Conjunctivitis can result in watery eyes, red eyes, stickiness and pain. It usually starts in one eye and can infect the other. The patient does not develop any problems with vision through the disease. However, the fluid produced by the eye is infectious.

Treatments for bacterial conjunctivitis will not work. Artificial tear drops can help with any dryness that the patient feels in their eyes. The condition tends to improve when the virus clears the patient’s system. The patient should also avoid spreading the contagious fluid to anyone else by maintaining high standards of hygiene.


Further Reading

Last Updated: Feb 24, 2021

Deborah Fields

Written by

Deborah Fields

Deborah holds a B.Sc. degree in Chemistry from the University of Birmingham and a Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism qualification from Cardiff University. She enjoys writing about the latest innovations. Previously she has worked as an editor of scientific patent information, an education journalist and in communications for innovative healthcare, pharmaceutical and technology organisations. She also loves books and has run a book group for several years. Her enjoyment of fiction extends to writing her own stories for pleasure.


Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Fields, Deborah. (2021, February 24). Zika treatment. News-Medical. Retrieved on July 21, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Zika-treatment.aspx.

  • MLA

    Fields, Deborah. "Zika treatment". News-Medical. 21 July 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/Zika-treatment.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Fields, Deborah. "Zika treatment". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Zika-treatment.aspx. (accessed July 21, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Fields, Deborah. 2021. Zika treatment. News-Medical, viewed 21 July 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Zika-treatment.aspx.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
New digital atlas reveals detailed stages of human fetal brain maturation