News Medical's "MediKnowledge" series is a selection of articles written by experts who have been invited as recognized leaders in their fields to offer opinions within the confines of their area of medical expertise.
The link between eczema in childhood and mental health problems in later life has been the subject of research for many years.
As strange as it may seem, migraine should be treated preventatively, similar to asthma.
Optogenetics is the science of using light to control the behavior of cells. It is one of the most rapidly evolving fields of applied research. Optogenetic techniques enable the control of electrically excitable cells such as muscle or nerve cells.
Chagas disease is a parasitic infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi.
Mental health, as with any other aspects of health, can be affected by a range of socioeconomic factors that need to be addressed through comprehensive strategies involving access to preventions, treatments and facilitating recovery as well as raising awareness.
The majority of people have heard of the term leukemia, but evidence suggests many people are not aware that leukemia is a cancer of the blood.
Cataract is a clouding of the lens within the eye and affects tens of millions of people. At present, there is no cure for cataract, and consequently the only available method to treat cataract is by surgical removal.
Choroideremia (CHM) is a rare genetic eye disease that affects the retina, which is the area at the back of the eye that processes all we see into signals that are sent to the brain via the optic nerve.
Scientists have been working hard to bring about a time in the future when we can grow “an eye in a dish” and use it for transplantation to restore the vision of someone who is blind, and they are not as far off as you might think.
Innovation is something of a buzz-word in modern medicine and rightly so. In order to deliver the best care and treatment to patients it is crucial that we are open to new ideas and encourage scientific advancement.
Every year, 5,300 new babies are born in the US with Down Syndrome (DS). These children face lifelong cognitive disability along with a number of life threatening medical issues including cardiovascular malformations and hematopoietic malignancies.
As cold weather threatens most of the country, millions living with a chronic, autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may reach out to their healthcare provider about increased aches and pain or symptom flares.
Tick-borne infectious diseases are widely spread over the world. Candidatus Neoehrlichiamikurensis (CNM) is an emerging tick-borne pathogen that causes cases of human neoehrlichiosis.
The avascular cornea is the curved and transparent window at the front of the eye. It provides the majority of the focus for light entering the eye to produce an image on the retina. Because the cornea is so important for forming an image, any change in corneal shape (astigmatism) or opacity has a major impact on the quality of vision.
Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM), also knows a cavernous hemangioma, cavernous angioma or cavernoma, is a brain blood vessel malformation characterized by irregularly clustered small thin-walled blood vessels.
Tourette syndrome (TS), also known as Tourette’s Disorder, is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal tic present for greater than one year. Among the neurodevelopmental disorders in the DSM-5, TS is the most complex of the spectrum of tic disorders.
The consequences of uncontrolled epileptic seizures can be serious and in the most severe cases can lead to Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP).
Even if you didn’t read the Associated Press report on the “weak evidence” supporting flossing last month, you likely saw parts of the media storm that followed it and continue to roll in. A myriad of articles from journalists either backing up or shutting down the claim that there is no benefit to flossing. Tweets and Facebook posts from patients who were either grateful to never have to pick up a string of floss again, or defending their nightly regimen and pointing out their gum health.
William Coley is the grandfather of immunotherapy. He developed extracts of bacteria to treat patients, particularly children, with sarcoma.
Having been an audiologist for many years now, often the first comment made by members of the public when discussing tinnitus is “I know there is nothing you can do about it and I just have to learn to live with it”.