What do you get when you cross a computer and a seeing-eye dog?
That's easy, according to a group of student researchers at the University of Washington's Human Interface Technology Laboratory: a first-of-its-kind Wearable Low Vision Aid. And, they add, the digital helper does have some distinct advantages over a canine:
- You don't have to feed it.
- It doesn't drool.
- There's no need to worry about keeping a pooper-scooper handy.
But the biggest advantage is that, in many ways, the computer has the potential to do a better job identifying walking hazards.
"Even with a cane or a guide dog, low-vision people can have a difficult time identifying obstacles that can be hazardous," said Eric Seibel, research assistant professor in mechanical engineering at the lab, who for the past four years has overseen the student team that developed the device. "This is another set of eyes looking out for them."
The group will demonstrate the latest prototype of the technology today at the Society for Information Display's annual conference, being held at the Washington State Convention and Trade Center in downtown Seattle. The work is funded by the National Science Foundation.
The Wearable Low Vision Aid was designed to be both portable and low cost, according to Seibel. A laptop computer that provides the "brains" for the system is carried in a backpack, and can be used for other tasks once the user gets to work or school. The imaging system is mounted on a pair of glasses and combines a ring of light-emitting diodes that fire bursts of infrared light in coordination with a small camera that collects images of the infrared-illuminated landscape.
Software created by the student team compares that infrared scene with the normally lit scene. Since closer objects reflect more light than distant ones, the system can "see" which objects remain in the field of view and grow in size, indicating a possible collision. The computer assesses the situation and, if appropriate, generates a flashing icon to warn the wearer of the danger.
The device can be programmed to generate different icons for different hazards, so it not only warns of a hazard, but also lets wearers know exactly what they are dealing with.
"One of the beauties of this is that we can customize it for different users," Seibel said. "For some people, overhanging branches might be a big problem, and we can customize for that. In the city, it might be something else. All of these people have specific obstacles that they regularly encounter that are quite hazardous to them and we can cater the device to fit their unique needs."
The device's display consists of a vibrating crystal fiber -- constructed of parts that cost less than $1 -- attached to a laser diode. The fiber vibrates very fast, more than a thousand times a second, to trace a series of horizontal lines and form a complete, translucent "screen." That image is beamed into the user's eye and painted onto the retina. The brightness of the display is adjustable so it can be seen both indoors and outside in full sunlight.
The method also bypasses many users' visual problems.
"Because this can be very bright, directed laser light, it actually goes straight through optical problems of the eye and paints a bigger, brighter image on the retina, even for people with retinal problems," Seibel said.
By using visual prompts, Seibel added, the device leaves intact another sense key to people with low vision -- hearing.
"We talked with a number of visually impaired people, and they absolutely did not want anything interfering with their hearing," he said. "They really depend on that."
While portable, the current prototype is still a bit bulky, Seibel said. A smaller version is already in the works, according to Ryland Bryant, a recently graduated master's degree student who was lead author of the Seattle conference paper. He has built a new circuit board that drops the overall weight of the system by about a half-pound. Currently, the backpack and computer weighs in at just under 10 pounds.
In addition, the team will use an improved micro-optical scanner that has higher resolution (50 times more pixels) but is one-tenth the size of the one in the low-vision aid prototype.
The next step for the team, according to Seibel, could be to investigate using laser light to "tickle," or directly stimulate, neurons in the eye, which could allow people to see even if the photoreceptors in their eyes are dead. It's an exciting prospect for a far-out, futuristic device, and Seibel and his collaborators have worked out some ways to possibly do it, but the concept is still preliminary.
"It's in the proposal-writing stage and we need exploratory research funding to continue," he said.
For more information, contact Seibel at (206) 543-5075 or [email protected]. An overview of the project, including animations depicting how the Wearable Low Vision Aid works, are available on the Web at http://www.hitl.washington.edu/projects/wlva/