MediciNova, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company that is publicly traded on the Nasdaq Global Market (Nasdaq:MNOV) and the Hercules Market of the Osaka Securities Exchange (Code Number: 4875), today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2009.
A detailed discussion of financial results and product development programs can be found in MediciNova's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 24, 2010 and is available through investors.medicinova.com/sec.cfm.
For the quarter ended December 31, 2009, MediciNova reported a net loss of $5.9 million, or $0.49 per share, compared to a net loss of $1.4million, or $0.12 per share, for the same period last year. There were no revenues for the quarters ended December 31, 2009 and 2008. Research and development expenses were $2.6 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2009, compared to $2.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2008. The increase in research and development expenses was primarily due to the commencement of the Phase Ib clinical trial for MN-221 designed to determine the safety and efficacy of MN-221 at three different dose levels in patients with moderate to severe, but stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ("COPD"). General and administrative expenses were $3.4 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2009, compared to $1.8 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2008. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to transaction costs related to the acquisition of Avigen, Inc. (or "Avigen"), which was completed on December 18, 2009.
For the year ended December 31, 2009, MediciNova reported a net loss of $20.4 million, or $1.68 per share, as compared to a net loss of $21.9 million, or $1.82 per share, for the year ended December 31, 2008. There were no revenues for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008. Research and development expenses were $10.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $13.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease in research and development expenses primarily related to the completion of the Phase II clinical trial for MN-166 for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and the completion of clinical trials for our non-prioritized development assets, offset by an increase in expenses related to the conduct of clinical trials for MN-221 for acute exacerbations of asthma and COPD. General and administrative expenses were $10.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, as compared to $8.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily due to transaction costs related to the acquisition of Avigen.
At December 31, 2009, we had $28.4 million in cash, cash equivalents, investment securities- current and an ARS Put, net of ARS loan, as compared to $49.1 million of cash, cash equivalents, investment securities and a long-term asset consisting of the ARS Put as of December 31, 2008, which decrease of $20.7 million was primarily a result of our $3.0 million payment to acquire Avigen and our operating loss of $20.4 million, offset by noncash expenses. Restricted cash and letter of credit of $30.5 million will be included in our capital resources upon conversion of the associated convertible notes into our common stock.
At December 31, 2009, $24.6 million of our ARS consisted primarily of government-guaranteed student loan securities and $1.8 million of our ARS consisted of private placement securities. None of the underlying collateral for our ARS consisted of subprime mortgages or collateralized debt obligations. At December 31, 2009, $24.3 million of ARS subject to the UBS settlement (described below) have been classified as current assets given the estimated time frame in which we can readily convert these securities into cash. The remaining $2.1 million of ARS have been classified as long-term assets given the estimated time frame in which we can readily convert these securities into cash.
In August 2008, UBS and its affiliates ("UBS"), the brokerage firm through which we purchased the majority of our ARS investments, entered into a settlement with the SEC, the New York Attorney General and other state agencies. Under the settlement, UBS issued to us the Auction Rate Security Rights, which would allow us to sell to UBS our ARS held in accounts with UBS ("ARS Rights Offer"). Pursuant to the ARS Rights Offer, we received the right to sell to UBS the ARS held in accounts with UBS at par value at any time during the period beginning June 30, 2010 and ending July 2, 2012 ("ARS Put"). As part of the settlement, UBS also offered to us a no net cost loan program ("ARS Loan"), whereby we would be able to borrow up to 75% of the market value, as determined by UBS at its sole discretion, of our ARS that have been pledged as collateral at an interest cost that would not exceed the interest being paid on the underlying ARS investments. Under the ARS Loan program, UBS may demand full or partial payment of the ARS Loan, at its sole option and without cause, at any time. In November 2008, we accepted the ARS Rights Offer. In January 2009, we were approved for the ARS Loan in the amount of $15.9 million and drew down the entire preapproved amount. In addition, in February 2009, we borrowed an additional $2.2 million under the ARS Loan, bringing the total amount outstanding under the ARS Loan to $18.1 million, following UBS' decision to increase our availability under the ARS Loan. All cash received under the ARS Loan was invested in money market accounts. Our ARS Loan balance at December 31, 2009 was $17.6 million, with an effective average interest rate of 1.29 percent charged, or approximately $235,000 of interest charged, on the no net cost loan.
As described in MediciNova's Japanese report referred to as the "Kessan Tanshin," which was filed with the Osaka Securities Exchange, MediciNova's cash burn for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 is anticipated to be less than $16.0 million, with the full year net loss forecast anticipated to be approximately $17.7 million.
Key 2009 Highlights
- In April 2009, MediciNova announced final results from its Phase II clinical trial (MN-221-CL-006) evaluating MN-221 at planned escalating doses of 240 to 1,080 micrograms in patients with severe, acute exacerbations of asthma treated in Emergency Departments. The study included 29 (13 treated with standard care only and 16 treated with MN-221 plus standard care) patients with severe, acute exacerbations of asthma. All patients received standardized care consisting of inhaled albuterol, ipratropium and oral steroid treatment. No safety concerns with adding MN-221 to standardized care were identified following review of electrocardiogram (ECG), laboratory and Adverse Experience data. The hospitalization rate among patients treated with standardized care only was 46 percent (six of 13), which was the anticipated rate, compared to a hospitalization rate of 25 percent (four of 16) among patients receiving MN-221 plus standardized care. This represents a 45 percent reduction in hospitalization rate among patients treated with MN-221. All hospitalizations were due to asthma exacerbations which were judged to be unrelated to study medication and therefore do not raise safety concerns for adding MN-221 to standardized care. As specified in the protocol for this clinical trial, no inferential statistics (i.e., p-values) were calculated for this study. Improvement in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)) values generally appeared to be greater for patients receiving MN-221 in addition to standardized treatment.
- In July 2009, MediciNova announced the proposed final protocol for its Phase II clinical trial (MN-221-CL-007), which is evaluating the safety and efficacy of MN-221 in patients with severe, acute exacerbations of asthma. Following a more comprehensive pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analysis and model of data from previous Phase II clinical trials, it was determined that the dose of 1,200 micrograms of MN-221 administered over one hour may provide greater potential efficacy without conferring additional risk to patients.
- In September 2009, MediciNova, announced the appointment of Mr. Hiroaki Shigeta to its Board of Directors.
- In November 2009, MediciNova announced the initiation of a Phase Ib clinical trial, by holding the Investigator's Meeting, to evaluate the safety of MN-221 at planned escalating doses in patients with stable, moderate to severe COPD. COPD exacerbations represents the second respiratory indication for which MediciNova is currently evaluating MN-221.
- In December 2009, MediciNova, completed its acquisition of Avigen, Inc. following approval of the transaction by each of MediciNova's and Avigen's stockholders. With the completion of the transaction, MediciNova intends to integrate the two clinical development programs based on ibudilast (MediciNova's MN-166 and Avigen's AV411).
Recent Highlights in 2010
- In February 2010, MediciNova announced that Kirk Johnson, Ph.D. has joined MediciNova as its Chief Scientific Officer.
- In March 2010, MediciNova reported positive preliminary results from a Phase Ib clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of MN-221 in patients with stable, moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There were no clinically significant safety concerns noted. Preliminary results demonstrated clinically significant improvements in percent change in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)). This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase Ib study involved 48 moderate-to-severe COPD patients who received a one (1) hour intravenous infusion of MN-221 at three different escalating dose levels (300 micrograms, 600 micrograms, or 1200 micrograms) or placebo. Based on preliminary findings, all doses of MN-221 produced a clinically significant improvement in FEV(1)(L) as compared to the baseline and placebo. At the end of the one hour infusion, FEV(1)(L) increased as compared to baseline by an average of 21.5%>
"During 2009 we made significant progress as a company. The clinical development of MN-221 has been very promising and significant. We have shown improved efficacy, a reduction in hospitalizations, without an increase in safety risk in our MN-221-CL-006 trial for acute exacerbations of asthma. We are also very pleased to have recently announced positive data from our MN-221-CL-010 trial in COPD patients, which could greatly expand this drug's potential market opportunity," said Yuichi Iwaki, M.D., Ph.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of MediciNova, Inc. "The acquisition of Avigen was another important milestone, which has allowed the combination of the ibudilast program of the two companies. We were pleased to announce that Kirk Johnson, Ph.D., of Avigen has decided to continue his work on the ibudilast program (MN-166) by joining MediciNova as our Chief Scientific Officer,"