Microbes on the tongue could be used to diagnose pancreatic cancer

Researchers at Zhenjiang University School of Medicine, China have found that disruption in the microbial composition of the tongue coating could serve as a biomarker for early-stage pancreatic cancer.

TongueAndrey_Popov | Shutterstock

The study showed that the tongue-coating microbiomes of patients with early-stage pancreatic were significantly more diverse and composed of remarkably different bacteria, compared with the tongue coatings of healthy individuals.

If an association between the discriminatory bacteria and pancreatic cancer is confirmed in larger studies, this could potentially lead to the development of new microbiome-based early diagnostic or preventive tools for the disease.”

Lanjuan Li, Lead Author

Pancreatic cancer is the seventh leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. In the UK, almost 10,000 people are diagnosed with this highly aggressive disease each year, with only 1% surviving for more than ten years.

Symptoms do not usually appear during early-stage disease and the majority of patients are already at an advanced stage of the disease by the time they are diagnosed.

The microbiome is known to influence tumor-promoting inflammation and carcinogenesis. Thus, the search for microbiota biomarkers that could serve as early diagnostic indicators is a major area of research.

Although changes in the microbiome of other bodily tissues have already been associated with pancreatic cancer, disrupted microbiota (microbiota dysbiosis) of the tongue coating as an indicator of the disease has not yet been clearly defined.

For the current study, Li and team used advanced gene sequencing technology to screen the tongue coating of 30 people with early-stage pancreatic cancer and 25 healthy individuals. All participants were aged between 45 and 65 years and were otherwise healthy.

As reported in the Journal of Oral Microbiology, the researchers found that the tongues of the pancreatic cancer patients were colonized by very different bacteria, compared with those of the healthy group.

Importantly, low levels of Haemophilus and Porphyromonas, combined with high levels of Leptotrichia and Fusobacterium could distinguish between the pancreatic patients and the healthy controls.

Although further confirmatory studies are needed, our results add to the growing evidence of an association between disruptions to the microbiome and pancreatic cancer."

Lanjuan Li, Lead Author

The researchers suggest that the association between microbiota dysbiosis of the tongue coating and pancreatic cancer could be linked to the immune system – for instance, pancreatic disease may promote immune responses that favor the proliferation of certain bacteria or vice versa.

“Research into the association between the microbiome and pancreatic cancer may open new opportunities to develop biomarkers to identify high-risk individuals,” writes the team.

Such studies could also lay the foundations for new treatment approaches involving immunotherapies or even probiotics that could help prevent pancreatic cancer in high-risk individuals.

Sally Robertson

Written by

Sally Robertson

Sally has a Bachelor's Degree in Biomedical Sciences (B.Sc.). She is a specialist in reviewing and summarising the latest findings across all areas of medicine covered in major, high-impact, world-leading international medical journals, international press conferences and bulletins from governmental agencies and regulatory bodies. At News-Medical, Sally generates daily news features, life science articles and interview coverage.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Robertson, Sally. (2019, January 31). Microbes on the tongue could be used to diagnose pancreatic cancer. News-Medical. Retrieved on May 24, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/news/20190131/Microbes-on-the-tongue-could-be-used-to-diagnose-pancreatic-cancer.aspx.

  • MLA

    Robertson, Sally. "Microbes on the tongue could be used to diagnose pancreatic cancer". News-Medical. 24 May 2019. <https://www.news-medical.net/news/20190131/Microbes-on-the-tongue-could-be-used-to-diagnose-pancreatic-cancer.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Robertson, Sally. "Microbes on the tongue could be used to diagnose pancreatic cancer". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/news/20190131/Microbes-on-the-tongue-could-be-used-to-diagnose-pancreatic-cancer.aspx. (accessed May 24, 2019).

  • Harvard

    Robertson, Sally. 2019. Microbes on the tongue could be used to diagnose pancreatic cancer. News-Medical, viewed 24 May 2019, https://www.news-medical.net/news/20190131/Microbes-on-the-tongue-could-be-used-to-diagnose-pancreatic-cancer.aspx.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News-Medical.Net.
Post a new comment
Post