APEX-AV trial shows positive results for catheter-directed thrombectomy in acute pulmonary embolism

New data from the Acute Pulmonary Embolism Extraction Trial with the AlphaVac System (APEX-AX) demonstrated that catheter-directed mechanical thrombectomy is safe and effective in patients with acute intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) with significant improvement in the right ventricle (RV) function and minimal major adverse events. The safety and efficacy results from the prospective trial were presented today as late-breaking science at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions (SCAI) 2024 Scientific Sessions.

Pulmonary embolism (PE), a blood clot that blocks and stops blood flow to an artery in the lung, is common and often life-threatening. PE represents the third-leading cause of cardiovascular mortality with 100,000 to 180,000 deaths per year. Catheter-directed therapies continue to evolve to address the large population of acute PE patients.

The APEX-AV trial is a prospective, single-arm, multicenter investigational device exemption trial in which patients with acute intermediate-risk PE were treated with the AlphaVac F1885 aspiration system. The primary efficacy endpoint was a change in the right ventricle-to-left ventricle (RV/LV) ratio from baseline to 48 hours post-procedure on core lab–adjudicated computed tomography angiography. The primary safety endpoint was a composite of 48 hours post-procedure major adverse events: device-related death, major bleeding, and device-related serious adverse events.

Among the 122 patients treated at 25 U.S. sites, the average reduction in the RV/LV ratio was 0.45 with a 35.5% mean percentage reduction in the overall clot burden from the baseline at 48 hours post-procedure. Five patients had major adverse events within the 48-hour visit and no death was reported. Lastly, procedural times were short with a mean procedural time of 37.2 ± 17.7 minutes.

Pulmonary emboli can be extremely dangerous and require effective and prompt action. Catheter-directed mechanical thrombectomy using a new aspiration system can achieve excellent thrombus removal with a wonderful safety profile, thus enabling more tools in our armamentarium for the treatment of acute PE."

William Brent Keeling, MD, Associate Professor at the Emory School of Medicine, and lead author of the study

Session details:

  • "Evaluating the safety and efficacy of the AlphaVac F1885 system in acute Intermediate risk PE patients: APEX-AV trial"
  • Friday, May 3, 2024; 2:14-2:21 PM PT
  • Long Beach Convention Center, 104A, First Level


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
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