Diabetic Hypoglycemia Treatments

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

People with diabetes are at an increased risk of diabetic hypoglycemia. This is most commonly caused by an overdose of insulin or other hypoglycemic agents, particularly if the overdose coincides with a delayed or missed meal, alcohol intake, or more physical exertion than usual. Hypoglycemia needs to be identified and treated early, before it progresses to diabetic coma.

A general outline for the treatment of diabetic hypoglycaemia is given below:

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of hypoglycaemia vary between individuals. Most people with diabetes learn to identify their individual symptoms of hypoglycemia and know when to seek help. Symptoms usually include sweating, palpitations, and nervousness followed in the later stages by confusion, delirium, loss of consciousness, coma and even death.

Treatment

Individuals who have a blood sugar level below 70mg/dL are advised to consume some food and drink rich in glucose and people with diabetes are advised to carry such food items on them at all times for consuming if they recognize symptoms of hypoglycaemia. Some of these foods include:

    • 4 ounces of any fruit juice
    • 4 ounces of non-diet soft drink
    • 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey
    • 8 ounces of milk
    • 5 to 6 pieces of hard candy
    • 3 or 4 glucose  tablets
    • Glucose gel amounting to around 15g of carbohydrate

Around 15 minutes after consuming any of the above foods, the blood sugar should be checked and if it is still below 70mg/dL, another serving of one of the items should be eaten. If the next proper meal is around an hour away, a snack can be eaten to raise the blood sugar.
Among people with moderate-to-severe hypoglycaemia, there is a risk of losing consciousness. These individuals can be given an injection of glucagon to rapidly raise the blood sugar. Feeding a person while they are unconscious should not be attempted however, as it may lead to choking. If a person has lost consciousness, intravenous glucose may be given, often in the form of 5% dextrose solution.

Further Reading

Last Updated: Jul 3, 2023

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Written by

Dr. Ananya Mandal

Dr. Ananya Mandal is a doctor by profession, lecturer by vocation and a medical writer by passion. She specialized in Clinical Pharmacology after her bachelor's (MBBS). For her, health communication is not just writing complicated reviews for professionals but making medical knowledge understandable and available to the general public as well.

Citations

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Mandal, Ananya. (2023, July 03). Diabetic Hypoglycemia Treatments. News-Medical. Retrieved on May 28, 2024 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Diabetic-Hypoglycemia-Treatments.aspx.

  • MLA

    Mandal, Ananya. "Diabetic Hypoglycemia Treatments". News-Medical. 28 May 2024. <https://www.news-medical.net/health/Diabetic-Hypoglycemia-Treatments.aspx>.

  • Chicago

    Mandal, Ananya. "Diabetic Hypoglycemia Treatments". News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Diabetic-Hypoglycemia-Treatments.aspx. (accessed May 28, 2024).

  • Harvard

    Mandal, Ananya. 2023. Diabetic Hypoglycemia Treatments. News-Medical, viewed 28 May 2024, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Diabetic-Hypoglycemia-Treatments.aspx.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment
Post

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Understanding the link between high-fat diets, insulin resistance, and diabetic heart disease