Final results from Phase 1 trial of OGX-427 for treating solid tumors presented at ASCO 2010

Results Presented at ASCO 2010 Annual Meeting Confirm Acceptable Safety Profile and Evidence of Biological Activity Including Declines in Circulating Tumor Cells and Reductions in Tumor Markers

OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: OGXI) today announced final results from a Phase 1 trial. The primary purpose of this trial was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of OGX-427 up to doses of 1000 mg for the treatment of various solid tumors. Patients enrolled had a diagnosis of castrate resistant prostate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer or non-small cell lung cancer. Final results showed that OGX-427 was safe and well tolerated as a monotherapy as well as in combination with docetaxel. In addition, OGX-427 when used as a single agent demonstrated declines in circulating tumor cells at all doses and in all diseases evaluated, as well as evidence of reduction in tumor markers in prostate and ovarian cancer. Results were presented today at the 46th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).

"These final Phase 1 data confirm the interim safety and biological activity profile of OGX-427 initially presented during an oral presentation at the ASCO 2009 Annual Meeting," said Cindy Jacobs, Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer of OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals. "We are encouraged by the anti-tumor activity seen in this trial and we're looking forward to additional evaluation of OGX-427 as a single agent and in combination with chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer."

OGX-427 is designed to reduce levels of Hsp27, a heat shock protein that is over-produced in response to many cancer treatments including hormone ablation therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. In preclinical models, Hsp27 production has been shown to inhibit cell death in tumor cells through a variety of mechanisms.

The Phase 1 trial evaluated 36 patients treated with OGX-427 as a single agent and 12 with OGX-427 in combination with docetaxel who had failed up to six prior chemotherapy regimens. OGX-427 as a single agent administered weekly was evaluated at doses from 200 mg up to 1000 mg in five cohorts of approximately six patients in each cohort. Two further cohorts tested OGX-427 at the 800 and 1000 mg doses combined with docetaxel. Patients could receive up to ten 21-day cycles.

Safety Results

When OGX-427 was given as a single agent, a median of two cycles (range: 0-8 cycles) was administered. Most adverse events were mild (grade 1 or 2) and mainly occurred during the three "loading doses" given over nine days prior to weekly dosing. The majority of adverse events felt to be related to OGX-427 consisted of grade 1 or 2 fever, chills, itching, or flushing (associated with the infusion of OGX-427) and fatigue. Infusion reactions were mainly seen at the 800 and 1000 mg doses and required very few infusion interruptions, delays, or modifications. The most common laboratory grade 3 or 4 adverse events were a low lymphocyte count or a prolonged PTT (a coagulation test) which were not associated with increased infections or bleeding.

When OGX-427 was combined with docetaxel, a median of six cycles (range: 1-10) was administered. Infusion reactions continued to be the most common adverse events, followed by nausea, back pain, poor appetite and shortness of breath. As expected in patients receiving docetaxel chemotherapy, the most common grade 3 or 4 laboratory event was a low neutrophil count with febrile neutropenia (fever without infection with a low neutrophil count) occurring in only two patients.

Only one patient at the 600 mg dose when OGX-427 was given as monotherapy demonstrated a dose-limiting toxicity, with no other dose-limiting toxicity observed at higher doses or when OGX-427 was administered in combination with docetaxel chemotherapy. Despite evaluating OGX-427 at very high doses, a maximum tolerated dose for OGX-427 was not reached in this study.

Observations of Therapeutic Activity

When OGX-427 was used as monotherapy, three of 17 evaluable patients had a decrease in measurable disease of 20% or greater. In this heavily pretreated patient population, two of four patients with ovarian cancer had a decrease of 25% or greater in CA-125 (an ovarian tumor marker) and three of 15 patients with prostate cancer had a decrease of 30% or greater in PSA (a prostate tumor marker).

Of particular interest was the decrease in both total circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and CTCs which were positive for Hsp27 (Hsp27(+) CTCs). Recent studies have shown that the presence of CTCs in peripheral blood may be of prognostic significance for solid tumors, and patients with values of five cells or less are generally considered to have a favorable prognosis. In nine of 26 evaluable patients, the total CTCs had decreased to five tumor cells or less, while Hsp27(+) CTCs decreases were noted in all diseases evaluated and in 89% of patients treated. In addition, serum Hsp27 protein levels were decreased by 30% or greater over a period of at least six weeks in approximately 25% of patients at the 800 and 1000 mg doses.

When OGX-427 was combined with docetaxel, five of 10 patients had a decrease in measurable disease of 20% or greater. Five of nine patients with prostate cancer had a decrease of 30% or greater in PSA. Again, decreases in both total CTCs and Hsp27(+) CTCs were observed. Hsp27(+) CTCs were decreased in 71% of patients treated. In five of seven evaluable patients, the total CTCs had decreased to 5 cells or less. Serum Hsp27 protein levels were decreased by 30% or greater over a time period of at least six weeks in approximately 35% of patients.

"OGX-427 was safe and well tolerated at the doses evaluated, and evidence of biological activity was observed even at the 400 mg dose of OGX-427 given as a single agent," said Dr. Kim Chi, Principal Investigator and a medical oncologist at the British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, British Columbia. "The declines in PSA and circulating tumor cells indicate potential for therapeutic activity and warrant continued investigation into randomized Phase 2 trials which we anticipate initiating this year."

Source:

ONCOGENEX PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment
Post
You might also like...
Researchers synthesize a small molecule that can be used to treat a range of cancers