Pharmacyclics, Inc (Nasdaq: PCYC) announced today at the 17th Congress of European Hematology Association updated results from two clinical trials of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, ibrutinib (PCI-32765), for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).
The ibrutinib clinical updates at EHA released in two oral presentations include: 1) updated safety and efficacy data from the Phase Ib/II CLL/SLL single agent trial (PCYC-1102); and 2) updated safety and efficacy data from the Phase Ib/II CLL/SLL combination trial with bendamustine and rituximab in relapsed or refractory patients (PCYC-1108). The trial results of PCYC-1102 were updated at EHA with progression-free survival (PFS) data from the relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL patients, including PFS data for high-risk 17p deletion CLL patients, and newly presented immunoglobulin data in the treatment naive patients with a median follow up of 14.4 months. The trial results of PCYC-1108 were updated at EHA with three patients that received an ibrutinib combination with fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab (FCR).
Abstract # 1970: The Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Ibrutinib (PCI-32765) is Highly Active and Tolerable in Relapsed or Refractory and Treatment Naive Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients, Updated Results of a Phase Ib/II Study.
Dr. Susan M. O'Brien et al. MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
- Non-hematologic toxicities of ibrutinib single agent remain manageable and tolerable with no new signals; hematologic toxicities were uncommon.
- PFS with a median follow-up of 17.5 months is 87.7% in the relapsed/refractory 420 mg cohort (N = 27).
- High risk relapsed/refractory patients with 17p deletion (N=20) and IgVH unmutated status (N=42), have an estimated 18-month PFS of >70% and >80%, respectively.
- As previously presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting (ASCO), in the treatment naive patients, overall response rate in the 420 mg cohort (N=26) is 81% using ibrutinib as a single agent. 12% of patients achieved a complete response with no morphologic evidence of CLL. Progression free survival with a median follow-up of 14.4 months is 96% in the 420 mg cohort.
This trial (PCYC-1102) included a total of 92 patients with CLL/SLL (61 relapsed/refractory patients and 31 treatment-naive patients) enrolled at two fixed continuous dose levels of ibrutinib single agent (420 mg and 840 mg). In addition to the data reported June 6th, 2012 at ASCO by Dr. John Byrd (The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center) on the treatment-naive patients, this oral presentation provided updated PFS data in the relapsed/refractory patient population. With a median follow-up of 17.5-months PFS in the 420 mg cohort is 87.7%. In the treatment-naive 420 mg dose cohort patients (>65 years old) the ORR is 81%, which included a 12% complete response rate. In addition, effects on immunoglobulin levels are encouraging. Also, 50% of patients with pre-treatment cytopenias have experienced sustained improvement in hemoglobin and/or platelet levels. As previously presented at ASCO, the estimated PFS in the treatment-naive patients at 15 months is 96% in the 420 mg cohort. Overall, these data support Phase III evaluation of ibrutinib as a single agent in treatment naive and relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL patients.
Abstract # 1590: Combination of the Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor PCI-32765 with bendamustine/rituximab (BR) in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia: Interim results of a phase Ib/II study.
Dr. Jennifer Brown et al. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.
- Adverse events are consistent with previous reports of the BR and FCR combination. No new safety signals with the combination of ibrutinib and BR were identified.
- As previously presented at ASCO, overall response rate with BR is 93%, with 13% of patients achieving a complete response with no morphologic evidence of CLL.
- At 8.5 months of median follow-up all three patients that received ibrutinib in combination with FCR remain progression free with two achieving minimal residual disease negative (MRD-Negative) complete responses.
This combination trial (PCYC-1108) enrolled a total of 30 patients in the BR cohort; 37% were considered refractory (treatment free interval <12 mo) to a purine analog containing regimen and 13% refractory to bendamustine. As previously reported at ASCO, there have been no discontinuations due to adverse events. With a median follow up of 8.1 months only 2 patients have reported progressive disease and an additional 5 patients have proceeded to stem cell transplant, 23 (77%) of patients remain on study. In addition to the ibrutinib plus BR data recently reported at ASCO the FCR combination study cohort (N=3) was presented at EHA. It required patients to be fludarabine naive and due to poor enrollment the cohort was suspended. With a median follow-up of 8.5 months all three patients have achieved an objective response, with two patients achieving minimal residual disease negative (MRD-Negative) complete responses and all patients remain progression free. The high overall response rate, rapid onset of response, low rate of progressive disease and good tolerability compares favorably with historical controls, warranting a randomized Phase 3 study of ibrutinib in combination with bendamustine/rituximab.