Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) announced today top-line results from a Phase 3B/4 study of RAPAMUNE® (sirolimus) evaluating kidney transplant patients who transitioned from tacrolimus-based therapy (TAC) to RAPAMUNE® 3 to 5 months after transplant. The primary endpoint of the study was not achieved as there was not a statistically significant difference in renal function improvement between patients who continued receiving TAC and those who switched to RAPAMUNE®.
For patients who were switched to RAPAMUNE®, 33.7% of patients achieved the primary endpoint of a ≥ 5 ml/min/1.73m2 renal function improvement based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) from randomization to 24 months post-transplantation and 42.3% of patients continuing to take TAC achieved the primary endpoint (p=0.239).
The study was an open-label, randomized, comparative, multi-center, multi-national study conducted in Europe, Latin America, North America, and the Pacific Region. There were 256 subjects randomized at 3 to 5 months after transplant, with two subjects not receiving any medication. Group I included 131 subjects receiving RAPAMUNE®; the dose was adjusted to sirolimus blood levels of 7-15 ng/mL during the first year post-transplantation and 5-15 ng/mL thereafter. Group II, the control group, included 123 subjects who continued receiving the same TAC-based treatment that was being administered prior to randomization. Subjects in both groups were evaluated at a pre-randomization visit, at the day of randomization, 4-weeks after randomization, and 6-, 12-, 18- and 24-months post transplantation.
The study also evaluated the safety of RAPAMUNE® and the adverse events observed in the study were consistent with the known safety profile of RAPAMUNE®. The results of this study are expected to be submitted for presentation at upcoming scientific congresses and for publication in peer-reviewed medical journals.
In the United States, RAPAMUNE® is indicated for the prevention of organ transplant rejection in kidney transplant patients aged 13 years and older.
Source: Pfizer Inc.